Hans Arp (French/German, 1886–1966)—also Jean Arp—was a sculptor, painter, and poet. Born in Strasbourg, he studied in his youth at the École des Arts et Métiers. From 1905 until 1907, Arp studied at the Kunstschule in Weimar. He lived in many different European cities throughout the 1910s, including Munich, Paris, and Zurich. Arp befriended many fellow artists, including Robert Delaunay and Sonia Delaunay, Wassily Kandinsky, Amedeo Modigliani, and Pablo Picasso. In 1915, Arp moved to Zurich and began creating tapestries and collages, frequently collaborating with Sophie Taeuber, who would eventually become his wife. He is considered one of the founding members of the Dada movement, with which he continued to participate even after he moved to Cologne in 1919. Arp contributed to a variety of artistic publications, including De Stijl and La Révolution Surréaliste. His artwork appeared in the first Surrealist group exhibition at the Galerie Pierre in Paris in 1925. Additionally, Arp continued to publish poetry and essays throughout his life. In 1954, he was awarded the Grand Prize for Sculpture at the Venice Biennale. Retrospectives of Arp''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''s work have been held at the Museum of Modern Art in New York and at the Musée National d’Art Moderne in Paris.

Timeline

1887
Born: Strasbourg, France (September 16)
1904
Ecole des Arts et Métiers
1905–1907
Kunstschule, Weimar
1908
Académie Julian
1951
Arp received the Grand Prize for Sculpture at the Vienice Biennale
1966
Died: Basel (June 7)

Exhibitions

1986
Skulpturen Reliefs, Collagen, Zeichnungen, Galerie Renée Ziegler, Zurich (solo)
1970
Lithographien, Holzschnitte, Galerie Renée Ziegler, Zurich (solo)
1963
Tapisserien, Galerie Renée Ziegler, Zurich
1962
Sculptures, Dessins, Collages, Gravures, Galerie Renée Ziegler, Zurich (solo)
1958
Retrospective. Museum of Modern Art, NY
Retrospective. Musée National d'Art Moderne, Paris
1949
Curt Valentin's Buchholz Gallery, New York (solo)
1925
Galerie Pierre, Paris
1922
Kongress der Konstruktivisten, Weimar
Exposition Internationale Dada at Galerie Montaigne in Paris.