(Mexican, b.1942) is a photographer known for her black and white images of the people and places of her native Mexico. Born in Mexico City, Iturbide studied at the Centro Universitario de Estudios Cinematográficos at the Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México under prolific photographer Manuel Álvarez Bravo
. Early on, she was inspired by the work of artists such as Josef Koudelka
, Henri Cartier-Bresson
, and Sebastião Salgado
During the early 1970s, Iturbide worked as Bravo’s assistant, and traveled throughout Latin America. In 1978, she was commissioned by the Ethnographic Archive of the National Indigenous Institute of Mexico to photograph the country’s indigenous people. A year later, she was asked by artist Francisco Toledo
to photograph the Juchitán people. The resulting series, begun in 1979 and ending in 1988, resulted in the publication of her book Juchitán de las Mujeres
, and inspired her support of feminist causes.
Over the next two decades, Iturbide was invited to work in Cuba, East Germany, India, Madagascar, Hungary, Paris, and the United States. She has held numerous solo exhibitions at venues such as at the Centre Pompidou in Paris, the San Francisco Museum of Modern Art, the Philadelphia Museum of Art, the J. Paul Getty Museum, the MAPFRE Foundation in Madrid, the Photography Museum Winterthur, and the Barbican Art Gallery.
Iturbide received the W. Eugene Smith Memorial Foundation Award in 1987, the Grand Prize Mois de la Photo, Paris in 1988, a Guggenheim Fellowship for the project Fiesta y Muerte
in 1988, the Hugo Erfurth Award in 1989, the International Grand Prize in Japan in 1990, the Rencontres Internationales de la Photographie Award in 1991, the Hasselblad Award in 2008, the National Prize of Sciences and Arts in Mexico City in 2008, an Honorary Degree in photography from Columbia College in Chicago in 2008, and an Honorary Doctorate of Arts from the San Francisco Art Institute in 2009.
The artist currently lives and works in Mexico City.