Frank Gehry (Canadian/American, b.1929) is a famed architect who is best known for his use of inexpensive material and unfinished style. He was born Frank Owen Goldberg on February 28, 1929. Gehry's creativity was encouraged by his grandmother, who would sit with him and use supplies from his grandfather's hardware store to build cities on the living room floor. His parents, Irwin and Thelma Goldberg, were art lovers. His father taught him how to draw, and his mother introduced him to the world of art.

In 1947, Gehry moved to Los Angeles, CA, where he drove a delivery truck while attending classes at Los Angeles City College. He went on to study at the University of Southern California's School of Architecture. In 1954, he graduated at the top of his class, with a Bachelor of Architecture degree. After graduation, he worked for Victor Gruen Associates, a notable Los Angeles architecture firm. In 1956, he moved to Cambridge and studied city planning at the Harvard Graduate School of Design; he left and returned to Los Angeles before completing the program. He worked briefly for Pereira and Luckman, but then went back to work at Victor Gruen Associates. In the early 1960s, Gehry moved to Paris, where he worked for the French architect, Andre Remondet (French, 1908–1998). During this time, he also studied the work of Le Corbusier (Swiss/French, 1887–1965), an architect famous for being one of the first pioneers of modern architecture. He returned to Los Angeles in 1962, where he established his own firm-Gehry Associates.

Gehry's career took off when he redesigned his private residence in Santa Monica, CA. He converted the home into a showcase using random material, such as chain link fencing, unfinished plywood, and corrugated aluminum. Since then, Gehry has designed numerous buildings all over the world. Some of his best-known work includes the Guggenheim Museum in Bilbao, Spain, the Walt Disney Concert Hall in Los Angeles, CA, and 8 Spruce Street in New York, NY. Gehry lives and works in Santa Monica, CA.

Timeline

1929
Born: Toronto, Canada
1947
Moved with his family to Los Angeles as a teenager in 1947 and later became a naturalized U.S. citizen
1954
Received a degree in architecture from the University of Southern California(USC)
1962
Established his own firm, Gehry Associate, now known as Gehry Partners, LLP
1989
Received the Pritzker Architecture Prize, the most prestigious honor that can be given to a living architect
1992
Was awarded the Wolf Prize in Art, as well as the Imperiale Award in Architecture given by the Japan Art Association
1994
Became the first recipient of the Lillian Gish Award for lifetime contribution to the arts
1997
Completed to build the new Guggenheim Museum in Bilbao, Spain
2003
Unveiled the finished Walt Disney Concert Hall in Los Angeles
Lives and works in Santa Monica, CA

Exhibitions

2010
Fish Forms: Lamps by Frank Gehry, The Jewish Museum, New York, NY(solo)
Living Architectures, Storefront for Art and Architecture, New York, NY
From the Spoon to the City:Objects by Architects from LACMA's Collection, Los Angeles County Museum of Art(LACMA), Los Angeles, CA
2009
Frank O. Gehry: Design Process and the Lewis House, Philadelphia Museum of Art, Philadelphia, PA(solo)
2008
Frank Gehry, The Art Gallery Of Ontario, Toronto, Canada(solo)
2004–2005
Frank Gehry, Architect: Designs for Museums, Corocan Gallery of Art, Washington D.C.(solo)
2001
Frank Gehry, Architect: Retrospective Features Models, Plans, Drawings, Furniture, Photographs, and Video Footage, as well as Two Site-Specific Architectural Elements, Guggenheim Museum, New York, NY(solo)
2000
The Art of the Motorcycle; Guggenheim Museum Las Vegas, Las Vegas, Nevada
1999
The Art of the Motorcycle; Guggenheim Museum Bilbao, Bilbao, Spain
1998
The Art of the Motorcycle; Solomon R. Guggenheim Museum, New York, New York
1997
Exiles & Emigrés; Los Angeles County Museum of Art, Los Angeles, California
1997
Frank O. Gehry since 1997, Triennale di Milano, Milan, Italy(solo)
1994
Degenerate Art; Los Angeles County Museum of Art, Los Angeles, California
1983
German Expressionist Sculpture; Los Angeles County Museum of Art, Los Angeles, California
1981
Seventeen Artists in the Sixties; Los Angeles County Museum of Art, Los Angeles, California
1980
Avant-Garde of Russia 1910-1930; Los Angeles County Museum of Art, Los Angeles, California
1978
Treasures of Tutankhamen; Los Angeles County Museum of Art, Los Angeles, California
1968
Billy Al Bengston Retrospective; Los Angeles County Museum of Art, Los Angeles, CA
1966
Assyrian Reliefs; Los Angeles County Museum of Art, Los Angeles, California
1965
Art Treasures of Japan; Los Angeles County Museum of Art, Los Angeles, California

Public Collections

Temporary Contemporary at the Museum of Contemporary Art; Los Angeles, California
Sirmai-Peterson Residence; Thousand Oaks, California
Schnabel Residence; Los Angeles, California
Vitra International Manufacturing Facility & Design Museum; Weil am Rhein, Germany
Chiat/Day Headquarters; Venice, California
University of Iowa Advanced Technologies Laboratory; Iowa City, Iowa
University of Toledo Center for the Visual Arts; Toledo, Ohio
Frederick Weisman Museum of Art, University of Minnesota, Minneapolis, MN
The American Center; Paris, France
Vitra Design Museum, Vitra premises, Weil am Rhein, Germany
EMR Communication and Technology Center; Bad Oeynhausen, Germany
Team Disneyland Administration Building; Anaheim, California
Nationale-Nederlanden Building; Prague, Czech Republic
Guggenheim Museum, Bilbao, Spain
The Vontz Center for Molecular Studies at the University of Cincinnati, Cincinnati, Ohio
Der Neue Zollhof; Dusseldorf, Germany
Experience Music Project; Seattle, Washington
DZ Bank Headquarters; Berlin, Germany
DG Bank building, Pariser Platz 3, Berlin, Germany
Issey Miyake, Flagship Store, New York, NY
Fisher Center for the Performing Arts at Bard College; Annandale-on-Hudson, New York
Massachusetts Institute of Technology Stata Complex; Cambridge, Massachusetts
Walt Disney Concert Hall, Los Angeles, CA
Maggie's centre, Ninewells Hospital, Dundee, Scotland
Richard B. Fisher Center for the Performing Arts, Bard College, Annandale-on-Hudson, NY
Ray and Maria Stata Center, Massachusetts Institute of Technology(MIT), Cambridge, MA
Pritzker Pavilion, Millennium Park, Chicago, IL
The Philadelphia Museum of Art, Philadelphia, PA

Literature

2003
Dal Co, Francesco. Frank O Gehry: The Complete work. Phaidon Press; New Ed edition
Frank. Symphony: Frank Gehry's Walt Disney Concert Hall. New York: Harry Abrams
2002
Gehry, Frank and Sorkin, Michael . Gehry Talks: Architecture + Process (Universe Architecture Series). Universe Publishing: New York
2001
Gehry, Frank and Colomina, Beatriz. Frank Gehry Architect. New York:Harry N. Abrams(Guggeneheim Museum Catalogue)
1985
Frank Gehry: Buildings and Projects(edited by Peter Arnell and Ted Bickford ; essay by Germano Celant ; text by Mason Andrews ; recent work photographed by Tim Street-Porter). New York: Rizzoli, 1985