Francisco de Goya  (Spanish, 1746-1828) 

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Francisco de Goya Biography
1746   Born Francisco José de Goya y Lucientes on March 30, 1746 in Fuendetodos, Spain
1760   Apprenticed to Jose Luzan, a local painter
1773   Marries the sister of the court painter, Francisco Bayeu, under whom he had received training in Madrid
1775   Paints cartoons (designs) for the royal tapestry factory in Madrid until 1792
1780   Elected a member of the Royal Academy of San Fernando, Madrid
1785   Appointed deputy director of painting at the Royal Academy of San Fernando
1786   Appointed painter to the king, Charles III
1789   Named court painter
1792   An illness leaves him permanently deaf
1795   Serves as director of painting at the Royal Academy until 1797
1799   Publishes the Caprichos
1808   Charles IV and his son Ferdinand are forced to abdicate in quick succession, Napoleon's brother Joseph is placed on the throne but Goya retains his position as court painter
1814   Ferdinand VII is restored on the throne after the expulsion of the invaders and Goya is pardoned for having served the French king
1824   Goes into voluntary exile in France
1828   Dies on 16 April in Bordeaux