Francis Picabia (French, January 22, 1879–November 30, 1953) was a poet, painter, and typographist. He had a part in both the Dada movement and the Surrealist movement. Picabia was independently wealthy, and, in the late 1890s, he studied under artists such as Fernand Cormon (French, 1845–1924) and attended the École des Arts Decoratifs in Paris. Picabia found unique ways to use his talent, such as replacing his father's original Spanish paintings with copies he created so that he could sell the originals and pay for a stamp collection he held. In 1909, Picabia married Gabrielle Buffet.

The artist became a member of the Puteaux Group in 1911 and developed a fast friendship with Marcel Duchamp (French, 1887–1968). Picabia participated in the Armory Show in 1913, when Alfred Stieglitz (American, 1864–1946) of Gallery 291 gave him the chance to participate in a one-man exhibition of his art. He went on to travel to New York, NY, from 1913 to 1915. Picabia was the subject of an entire issue of the magazine 291. In 1916, while living in Barcelona, he created a periodical that was called 391. The Dada movement continued to be a major part of Picabia's life through 1919, when he was in Zürich and Paris. In 1921, he left the Dada movement behind for the Surrealist movement. This was also the year that he participated in a film titled Entracte.

By 1925, Picabia started to paint Figurative pieces again, until he relocated to the south of France in 1940 and changed his style of painting completely. He began painting pieces that were reflective of nude glamour photos popular in the magazines during that era. By 1949, Picabia had returned to Paris, started to paint Abstract pieces again, and wrote poetry. That year, the Galerie René Drouin in Paris held a large exhibit showing his work. Picabia's death came in 1953 in Paris. His paintings have become some of the most expensive paintings in the world, selling for more than a million dollars in some cases.

Timeline

1879
Born: in Paris, France
1895–1897
Studied art at the Ecole des Arts Décoratifs, Paris, France
1911–1912
Associated with the Puteaux group
1916–1917
Lived in Barcelona, Spain
1917
Published his first volume of poetry and the first issues of 391, his magazine modeled after Stieglitz’s periodical 291
1924
Attacked André Breton and the Surrealists in 391
1953
Died: in Paris, France

Exhibitions

2009
"Paintings and Works on Paper", Patrick Painter Inc., Santa Monica, CA (solo)
"Inventing Marcel Duchamp: The Dynamics of Portraiture", National Portrait Gallery, Washington D.C
2008
"Duchamp, Man Ray, Picabia", Londres, UK, 2008
Galerie Saint-Valentin, Paris, France
"Francis Picabia Late Paintings", Michael Werner Gallery, New York, NY (solo)
2006
"Francis Picabia: Works on Paper 1901-1951", Michael Werner Gallery, New York, NY (solo)
2002
"Francis Picabia, Singulier Idéal", Musée d'Art Moderne de la Ville de Paris, Paris, France (solo)
2000
"Francis Picabia", Michael Werner Gallery, New York, NY (solo)
1999
"Francis Picabia", Isetan Museum of Art, Tokyo, Japan (traveled to: Iwaki City Art Museum, Fukushima, Japan, Kintetsu Museum of Art, Osaka, Japan (solo)
1998
"Francis Picabia, les Nus et la méthode", Musée de Grenoble, Grenoble, France (traveled to the Musée du Petit Palais, Geneva, Switzerland) (solo)
1997
"Francis Picabia antologia", Centro Cultural de Belém, Lisbon, Portugal (solo)
"Francis Picabia: Das Spätwerk, 1933-1953", Deichtorhallen, Hamburg, Germany (taveled to Museum Boijmans Van Beuningen, Rotterdam, Netherlands) (solo)
1996
"Francis Picabia galerie Dalmau, 1922", Musée national d’art moderne, Centre Georges Pompidou, Paris, France (solo)
1995
"Francis Picabia, Maquinas y Españolas", IVAM Centre Julio González, Valencia, Spain (traveled to the Fundacio Antoni Tapies, Barcelona, Spain) (solo)
1991
"Picabia et La Côte d’Azur", Musée d’Art Moderne de d’Art Contemporain, Nice, France (solo)
1988
"Picabia 1879 – 1953", Scottish National Gallery of Modern Art, Edinburgh, Scotland (traveled to Galerie Neuendorf, Frankfurt am Main, Germany) (solo)
1986
"Francis Picabia, Musée d'Art Contemporain, Nimes, France (solo)
1985
"Francis Picabia, Exposicion antologica", Salas Pablo Ruiz Picasso del Ministerio de Cultura, Madrid, Spain (traveled to the Centre de la Caixa de Pensions, Barcelona, Spain) (solo)
1984
"Picabia", Moderna Museet, Stockholm, Sweden
Francis Picabia, The Museum of Modern Art, Seibu, Takanawa, Japan (solo)
1983
"Francis Picabia", Städtische Kunsthalle, Düsseldorf, Germany (solo)
"Picabia 1879 – 1953", Musée d’Ixelles, Brussels, Belgium (solo)
1980
"Picabia, Dandy et Heraut de l’art du XXe siecle", Palais des Congrès, Paris, France (solo)
1976
"Francis Picabia", Musée National d’art Moderne, Centre Georges Pompidou, Paris, France; Galeries Nationales du Grand Palais, Paris, France (solo)
1974
"Francis Picabia", Galleria Civica d’Arte Moderna, Turin, Italy (solo)
1970
"Francis Picabia", The Solomon R. Guggenheim Museum, New York, NY (traveled to Cincinnati Art Museum, Cincinnati, OH; Art Gallery of Ontario, Toronto, Canada;The Detroit Institute of Arts, Detroit, MI) (solo)
1967
"Picabia", Städtisches Museum Schloss Morsbroich, Leverkusen, Germany (solo)
1964
"Francis Picabia", Galerie Furstenberg, Paris, France (solo)
1962
"Picabia", Musée Cantini, Marseille, France (solo)
1961
"Picabia vu en transparence", Galerie Mona Lisa, Paris, France (solo)
1956
"Exposition Picabia", Galerie Furstenberg, Paris, France (solo)
1949
"Retrospective", Galerie René Drouin, Paris, France (solo)
1933
Galerie Vignon, Paris, France
1928
Galerie Theophile Briant, Paris, France
1923
Salon des Indépendants, Paris, France
1922
Salon d'Automne, Paris, France
Salon des Indépendants, Paris, France
Galerie Dalmau, Barcelona, Spain
1921
Salon d'Automne, Paris, France
Salon des Indépendants, Paris, France
1913
Armory Show, New York, NY
Gallery 291, New York, NY (solo)
Salon d'Automne, Paris, France
1912
Salon de la Section d'Or, Paris, France
1911
Salon d'Automne, Paris, France
Salon des Indépendants, Paris, France
1909
Galerie Georges Petit, Paris, France
1905
Galerie Haussmann, Paris, France (solo)
1899
Salon des Artistes Français, Paris, France

Literature

2003
Jouffroy, Alain. Picabia. New York, NY: Assouline, 2003
1989
Wilson, Sarah. Francis Picabia: Accommodations of Desire 1924-1932. New York NY : Kent Gallery Inc., 1989
1979
Camfield, W.A. Francis Picabia. His Art, Life and Times. Princeton: 1979