Francis Picabia  (French, 1879-1953) 

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Francis Picabia (French, January 22, 1879–November 30, 1953) was a poet, painter, and typographist. He had a part in both the Dada movement and the Surrealist movement. Picabia was independently wealthy, and, in the late 1890s, he studied under artists such as Fernand Cormon (French, 1845–1924) and attended the École des Arts Decoratifs in Paris. Picabia found unique ways to use his talent, such as replacing his father's original Spanish paintings with copies he created so that he could sell the originals and pay for a stamp collection he held. In 1909, Picabia married Gabrielle Buffet.

The artist became a member of the Puteaux Group in 1911 and developed a fast friendship with Marcel Duchamp (French, 1887–1968). Picabia participated in the Armory Show in 1913, when Alfred Stieglitz (American, 1864–1946) of Gallery 291 gave him the chance to participate in a one-man exhibition of his art. He went on to travel to New York, NY, from 1913 to 1915. Picabia was the subject of an entire issue of the magazine 291. In 1916, while living in Barcelona, he created a periodical that was called 391. The Dada movement continued to be a major part of Picabia's life through 1919, when he was in Zürich and Paris. In 1921, he left the Dada movement behind for the Surrealist movement. This was also the year that he participated in a film titled Entracte.

By 1925, Picabia started to paint Figurative pieces again, until he relocated to the south of France in 1940 and changed his style of painting completely. He began painting pieces that were reflective of nude glamour photos popular in the magazines during that era. By 1949, Picabia had returned to Paris, started to paint Abstract pieces again, and wrote poetry. That year, the Galerie René Drouin in Paris held a large exhibit showing his work. Picabia's death came in 1953 in Paris. His paintings have become some of the most expensive paintings in the world, selling for more than a million dollars in some cases.

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Francis Picabia, Les meules de foin

 

Francis Picabia
Les meules de foin
1901

Auction: May 16, 2014
Dobiaschofsky Auktionen
View Details | entire auction
Francis Picabia, Talamus

 

Francis Picabia
Talamus
1938-1939

Galerie Haas AG Zürich
Francis Picabia, Composition

 

Francis Picabia
Composition
circa 1947-1950

Waddington Custot Galleries
Francis Picabia, Espagnole

 

Francis Picabia
Espagnole
1923-1926

Galerie Jean-François Cazeau
Francis Picabia, Tender for all that

 

Francis Picabia
Tender for all that
1945

Waddington Custot Galleries
Francis Picabia, Portrait of Man Ray

 

Francis Picabia
Portrait of Man Ray
1925

Modernism Inc.
Francis Picabia, Paysage au torrent

 

Francis Picabia
Paysage au torrent
1909

Galerie Haas AG Zürich
Francis Picabia, Femme au Bouquet

 

Francis Picabia
Femme au Bouquet
1942

Michael Werner Gallery
Francis Picabia, Untitled

 

Francis Picabia
Untitled
1948

Michael Werner Gallery
Past auction results (1914)  View All
Francis Picabia, Le modèle nu

 

Francis Picabia
Le modèle nu
ink on paper

 

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Francis Picabia, Sans titre

 

Francis Picabia
Sans titre, 1899
painting on canvas

 

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Francis Picabia, Tête et main

 

Francis Picabia
Tête et main, 1940-1942
charcoal on paper

 

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1879   Born: in Paris, France
1895 - 1897   Studied art at the Ecole des Arts Décoratifs, Paris, France
1911 - 1912   Associated with the Puteaux group
1916 - 1917   Lived in Barcelona, Spain
1917   Published his first volume of poetry and the first issues of 391, his magazine modeled after Stieglitz’s periodical 291
1924   Attacked André Breton and the Surrealists in 391
1953   Died: in Paris, France
2009   "Paintings and Works on Paper", Patrick Painter Inc., Santa Monica, CA (solo)
"Inventing Marcel Duchamp: The Dynamics of Portraiture", National Portrait Gallery, Washington D.C
2008   "Duchamp, Man Ray, Picabia", Londres, UK, 2008
Galerie Saint-Valentin, Paris, France
"Francis Picabia Late Paintings", Michael Werner Gallery, New York, NY (solo)
2006   "Francis Picabia: Works on Paper 1901-1951", Michael Werner Gallery, New York, NY (solo)
2002   "Francis Picabia, Singulier Idéal", Musée d'Art Moderne de la Ville de Paris, Paris, France (solo)
2000   "Francis Picabia", Michael Werner Gallery, New York, NY (solo)
1999   "Francis Picabia", Isetan Museum of Art, Tokyo, Japan (traveled to: Iwaki City Art Museum, Fukushima, Japan, Kintetsu Museum of Art, Osaka, Japan (solo)
1998   "Francis Picabia, les Nus et la méthode", Musée de Grenoble, Grenoble, France (traveled to the Musée du Petit Palais, Geneva, Switzerland) (solo)
1997   "Francis Picabia antologia", Centro Cultural de Belém, Lisbon, Portugal (solo)
"Francis Picabia: Das Spätwerk, 1933-1953", Deichtorhallen, Hamburg, Germany (taveled to Museum Boijmans Van Beuningen, Rotterdam, Netherlands) (solo)
1996   "Francis Picabia galerie Dalmau, 1922", Musée national d’art moderne, Centre Georges Pompidou, Paris, France (solo)
1995   "Francis Picabia, Maquinas y Españolas", IVAM Centre Julio González, Valencia, Spain (traveled to the Fundacio Antoni Tapies, Barcelona, Spain) (solo)
1991   "Picabia et La Côte d’Azur", Musée d’Art Moderne de d’Art Contemporain, Nice, France (solo)
1988   "Picabia 1879 – 1953", Scottish National Gallery of Modern Art, Edinburgh, Scotland (traveled to Galerie Neuendorf, Frankfurt am Main, Germany) (solo)
1986   "Francis Picabia, Musée d'Art Contemporain, Nimes, France (solo)
1985   "Francis Picabia, Exposicion antologica", Salas Pablo Ruiz Picasso del Ministerio de Cultura, Madrid, Spain (traveled to the Centre de la Caixa de Pensions, Barcelona, Spain) (solo)
1984   "Picabia", Moderna Museet, Stockholm, Sweden
Francis Picabia, The Museum of Modern Art, Seibu, Takanawa, Japan (solo)
1983   "Francis Picabia", Städtische Kunsthalle, Düsseldorf, Germany (solo)
"Picabia 1879 – 1953", Musée d’Ixelles, Brussels, Belgium (solo)
1980   "Picabia, Dandy et Heraut de l’art du XXe siecle", Palais des Congrès, Paris, France (solo)
1976   "Francis Picabia", Musée National d’art Moderne, Centre Georges Pompidou, Paris, France; Galeries Nationales du Grand Palais, Paris, France (solo)
1974   "Francis Picabia", Galleria Civica d’Arte Moderna, Turin, Italy (solo)
1970   "Francis Picabia", The Solomon R. Guggenheim Museum, New York, NY (traveled to Cincinnati Art Museum, Cincinnati, OH; Art Gallery of Ontario, Toronto, Canada;The Detroit Institute of Arts, Detroit, MI) (solo)
1967   "Picabia", Städtisches Museum Schloss Morsbroich, Leverkusen, Germany (solo)
1964   "Francis Picabia", Galerie Furstenberg, Paris, France (solo)
1962   "Picabia", Musée Cantini, Marseille, France (solo)
1961   "Picabia vu en transparence", Galerie Mona Lisa, Paris, France (solo)
1956   "Exposition Picabia", Galerie Furstenberg, Paris, France (solo)
1949   "Retrospective", Galerie René Drouin, Paris, France (solo)
1933   Galerie Vignon, Paris, France
1928   Galerie Theophile Briant, Paris, France
1923   Salon des Indépendants, Paris, France
1922   Salon d'Automne, Paris, France
Salon des Indépendants, Paris, France
Galerie Dalmau, Barcelona, Spain
1921   Salon d'Automne, Paris, France
Salon des Indépendants, Paris, France
1913   Armory Show, New York, NY
Gallery 291, New York, NY (solo)
Salon d'Automne, Paris, France
1912   Salon de la Section d'Or, Paris, France
1911   Salon d'Automne, Paris, France
Salon des Indépendants, Paris, France
1909   Galerie Georges Petit, Paris, France
1905   Galerie Haussmann, Paris, France (solo)
1899   Salon des Artistes Français, Paris, France
  Selected Public Collections:
  Art Institute of Chicago, Chicago, IL
Guggenheim Museum, New York, NY
The Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York, NY
Museum of Modern Art, New York, NY

National Galleries of Scotland, Edinburgh, Scotland
The National Gallery of Art, Washington D.C.
Peggy Guggenheim Collection, Venice, Italy
Philadelphia Museum of Art, Philadelphia, PA
Reina Sofía National Museum, Madrid, Spain
Tate Gallery, London, UK
2003    Jouffroy, Alain. Picabia. New York, NY: Assouline, 2003
1989    Wilson, Sarah. Francis Picabia: Accommodations of Desire 1924-1932. New York NY : Kent Gallery Inc., 1989
1979    Camfield, W.A. Francis Picabia. His Art, Life and Times. Princeton: 1979