François-Xavier Lalanne (French, 2008)

François-Xavier Lalanne (French, 1927–2008) was an engraver and sculptor known for his outdoor works, referencing animals and the natural world. Of Jesuit upbringing, Lalanne studied drawing, sculpture, and painting at the Académie Julian in Paris, where he became greatly influenced by artists Constantin Brancusi (Romanian, 1876–1957), René Magritte (Belgian, 1898–1967), and Salvador Dalí (Spanish, 1904–1989). The artist took a studio in Montparnasse—next to Brancusi’s—and became acquainted with artists Max Ernst (German, 1891–1976), Jean Tinguely (Swiss, 1925–1991), Man Ray (American, 1890–1976), and Marcel Duchamp (French, 1887–1968).

The young artist worked as an attendant at the Louvre, in the ancient Egyptian and Assyrian art departments, spending many hours studying ancient animal sculptures in the galleries. Lalanne also worked as a draftsman for the French-Hungarian architect André Sive (1899–1958). . When Lalanne met his future wife, Claude Dupeux (French, b.1924), at his first solo exhibition, they began a life-long collaboration. Together and individually, they created many Surrealist sculptures, often in the shape of animals. Lalanne’s public sculptures are exhibited at the Third Street Promenade in Santa Monica, and at the Hôtel de Ville and Les Halles in Paris. His work has been exhibited at the Galeries Nationales du Grand Palais in Paris, the Museum Boymans in Rotterdam, and The Art Institute of Chicago, among other institutions. His work is in the public collections of the Fisher Landau Center for Art in New York, the Musée d’Art Moderne et d’Art Contemporain in Nice, and at the Fonds Régional d’Art Contemporain de Picardie in Amiens, France.

Timeline

1927
Born: Agen, Gascogne
1945
Studied drawing, sculpture, and painting at the Académie Julian, Paris, France
1952
First solo painting exhibition, Paris, France
1956
Decided to work with Claude Dupeux
1967
Married Claude Dupeux
2008
Died

Exhibitions

2013
Les Lalanne, JGM Galerie, Paris (solo)
2012
Les Lalanne, Paul Kasmin Gallery, New York, NY (solo)
2012
Les Lalanne, Outdoor Exhibition at the Sédières Castle by the JGM Galerie, Corrèze (solo)
2011
Claude & François-Xavier Lalanne, Ben Brown Fine Arts, Hong Kong (solo)
2011
Les Lalanne, JGM Galerie, Paris (solo)
2010
Les Lalanne at Fairchild, Fairchild Tropical Botanic Garden, Coral Gables, FL (solo)
2010
Les Lalanne, Les Arts Décoratifs, Paris (solo)
2009
Les Lalanne on Park Avenue, Paul Kasmin Gallery and The New York City Parks Public Art Program, New York, NY (solo)
2009
Les Lalanne, Paul Kasmin Gallery, New York, NY (solo)
2009
Les Lalanne, JGM Galerie, Paris (solo)
2008
Galeries Nationales du Grand Palais, Paris, France (solo)
2006
Lalanne Park Gallery, Séoul, Korea (solo)
Histoires Naturelles, Métairie Bruyère, Parly, France (solo)
Paul Kasmin Gallery, New York, NY (solo)
2005
Sculptures 1968-2005, JGM Galerie, Paris, France (solo)
Bestiaire Légendaire, JGM Galerie, Paris, France (solo)
L´Art de Vivre, Paris, France (solo)
Lehmann Maupin Gallery, New York, NY (solo)
2003
Bestaire Ordinaire, JGM Galerie, Paris, France (solo)
2002
Sculptures 2000 – 2002, JGM Galerie, Paris, France (solo)
Autour de la fontaine, JGM Galerie, Paris, France (solo)
2001
Sculptures Récentes, Galerie Guy Pieters, Belgium (solo)
2000
Sculptures Nouvelles – Nouveaux Etats, JGM Galerie and Galerie Enrico Navarra (solo)
Gerald Pieters Gallery, Santa Fe, New Mexico (solo)
Musée des Beaux-Arts d'Agen, France (solo)
1998
Animaux, Monstres et Chimères, JGM Galerie, Paris, France (solo)
Paikand Castle of Bagatelle Paris (solo)
Direction des Parcs et Jardins de la Ville de Paris et Association du Parc et du Château de Bagatelle (solo)
Dorothy Blau Gallery, Bay Harbor Islands (Florida) , The enchanter garden
1997
Les Champs de la Sculpture, Champs Elysées, Paris, France
Mikimoto Ginza Gallery Tokyo
Chenonceau Castle Chenonceau, France
Les hippopotames, Mikimoto, Ginza, Tokyo (solo)
Dorothy Blau Gallery, Bay Harbor Islands, Florida (solo)
1996
Bao Chen Group, Taiwan, China (solo)
1995
JGM Galerie, Paris, France (solo)
1994
Galerie Guy Pieters, Knokke, Belgium (solo)
Artcurial, Paris, France (solo)
1992
Mairie de Sarlat, opening of Place du Marché aux Oies, France (solo)
Les Lalanne, Les portes du jardin, JGM Galerie Paris (solo)
1991
Galerie Artcurial, Paris, France (solo)
Château de Chenonceau, France (solo)
1990
L'Hippodrome, Douai (solo)
1989
Galerie Artcurial, Munich, Switzerland (solo)
Marisa del Re at the Atrium of the Casino, Monte-Carlo, Monaco (solo)
Galerie Art-Projet, Nice, France (solo)
Sculptures, Galerie de Bellecour, Lyon, France (solo)
Smarts Festival, opening of Promenade Santa-Monica, California (solo)
1988
Sculptures, dessins, bijoux, Galerie des Bastions, Geneva, Switzerland (solo)
Marisa del Re Gallery, New York, NY (solo)
1987
Oeuvres récentes, Galerie Daniel Templon, Paris, France (solo)
Objéts extraordinaires, Galerie Artcurial, Paris, France (solo)
Effeto Arcimboldo, Palazzo Grassi Venice
1986
Ronald Greenberg Gallery, Saint-Louis, Missouri, (solo)
Plaza of the Americas, Dallas, Texas (solo)
James Corcoran Gallery, Los Angeles, California (solo)
1985
Hokin Gallery, Miami, Florida(solo)
Galerie Daniel Templon, Paris, France (solo)
Galerie des Ponchettes, Nice, France(solo)
1984
Bijoux en or, Galerie Artcurial, Paris, France (solo)
Christian Fayt Gallery, Knokke Le Zoute, Belgium (solo)
1983
Galerie Artcurial, Bloomingdale's, New York, Dallas and Washington (solo)
L'or de L'Art, Galerie Artcurial, Paris, France (solo)
Musée de Nemours, France (solo)
La magie blanche dans la vie de tous les jours, Atelier 74, Annecy, France (solo)
1982
Agen, Dépôt Sentimental (opening of Salle Lalanne) (solo)
Galerie Art Contemporain, Limoges, France (solo)
1980
Polymorphoses, Deutsch Französisches Kulturzentrum, Essen, RDA (solo)
Château de Sédières, Corrèze (solo)
Les Monumentaux de Lalanne, Galerie Municipale de Saint-Martin d'Hères, Isère (solo)
Le rhinocéros dans tous ses états, Galerie La Hune, Paris, France (solo)
Les Monumentaux de Lalanne, Chapelle de la Villedieu Saint-Quentin-en-Yvelines, France (solo)
1979
Iolas and Brooks Jackson Gallery New York
Dîner Salvator Dali, Musée d'Histoire Naturelle, Paris, France (solo)
1978
FIAC Grand Palais (Galerie La Hune), France (solo)
Polymorphoses, Galerie La Hune, Paris, France (solo)
Les sept paillons d'or, Galerie Artcurial, Paris, France (solo)
1977
Centre d'Art, Saint-Martin d'Hères, Isère, France (solo)
Art Museum of South Texas, Corpus Christi, Texas (solo)
La Jolla, California (solo)
1976
Sara Gilat Art Gallery, Jerusalem, Israel (solo)
Galerie Lithous Technis, Athens, Greece (solo)
Domesticated Beasts and Other Creatures, White Chapel Art Gallery, London, England (solo)
Musée de l'Abbaye de Sainte-Croix, Les Sables d'Olonne, France (solo)
Musée des Beaux Arts, Agen, France (solo)
1975
CNAC, Paris, France (solo)
Museum Boymans, Rotterdam, Netherlands
1974
Galerie Sven, Paris, France (solo)
Royal Scottish Academy, Edinburgh, Scotland (solo)
Galerie Alexandre Iolas, Paris., France (solo)
1973
Maison de la Culture, Amiens, France (solo)
1972
Galerie Alexandre Iolas, Paris, France (solo)
Maison de la Culture, Amiens, France (solo)
1971
Galerie Paul Facchetti, Zurich, Switzerland
Galerie Zoumboulakis, Athens, Greece (solo)
1970
Diner cannibale, Eat Art Gallery, Düsseldorf, Germany (solo)
Galerie Alexandre Iolas, Genève, Switzerland (solo)
Galleria Iolas, Milan, Italy (solo)
Galerie Alexandre Iolas, Paris, France (solo)
1967
Alexander Iolas Gallery, New York, NY (solo)
The Art Institute, Chicago, Illinois (solo)
1966
Galerie Alexandre Iolas, Paris, France (solo)
1964
Zoophites, Galerie J., Paris, France (solo)

Public Collections

Cooper Hewitt Museum, New York, NY
Fisher Landau Center for Art, Long Island, NY
FRAC – Picardie, Amiens
City of Jerusalem, Jerusalem
Musée d’Art Moderne at d’Art Contemporain-Nice, Nice
Musée des Arts Décoratifs, Paris
Musée d’Histoire Naturelle, Paris
Musée Nationale d’Art Moderne/Centre Georges Pompidou, Paris
City of Paris, Paris
City of Santa Monica, Santa Monica, CA

Literature

"LALANNE" by Claude & Francois-Xavier Lalanne
“Claude & Francois-Xavier Lalanne” by Pierre Berge (Hardcover - March 1, 2007)