Erró (Icelandic, b.1932) is a Pop Art and Postmodern artist, whose work includes painting, drawing, collage, printmaking, sculpture, and film. Born Gudmundur Gudmundsson in Ólafsvík, Iceland, the artist is a graduate of the Reykjavík School of Visual Art, where he briefly served as a professor. In 1952, he traveled to Norway, where he studied engraving, fresco, and painting at the Academy of Oslo. He then entered the Academy of Fine Arts in Florence, and the School of Byzantine Mosaic Art in Ravenna. In the mid-1950s, he began exhibiting his works, first in Florence in 1955, and later in Paris, where he settled in 1958.

A widely traveled artist, Erró has become known for collecting and reassembling advertisements, news images, comics, and posters, often inserting figures from artworks by Eugène Delacroix, Fernand Léger, and Pablo Picasso. Erró’s surrealistic imagery is comprised of subjects ranging from comic-book characters to infamous dictators, including Donald Duck, Chip & Dale, Adolf Hitler, and Saddam Hussein. Erró''s provocative pictures explore themes of weapons, violence, and sexuality, drawing comparisons to Pop icons such as Roy Lichtenstein, Andy Warhol, and James Rosenquist.

His work is contained in the Czech Museum of Fine Arts in Prague, the Ludwig Museum of Contemporary Art in Budapest, and Reykjavik Art Museum in Iceland, among other notable institutions.

Timeline

1932
Born in Olafsvik, Iceland
1949
School of Visual Art, Reykjavik, Iceland
1951
Professor of Art Diploma
1952
Academy of Fine Art, Oslo, Norway
1954
Florence Academy of Art, Florence, Italy
1955
School of Byzantine Mosaic Art in Ravenna, Italy
1958
Moved to Paris, France
1951–1959
Traveled to Spain, Thailand, France

Exhibitions

2013
After Picasso, Galerie Ernst Hilger, Vienna, Austria
2012
Surrounding Bacon and Warhol, musée des Beaux-Arts, Göteborg, Sweden
2012
Erró, l’ull planetari, Fundació Stämpfli, Sitges, Spain (solo)
2012
Trente Tableaux carrés pour la galerie Carré, galerie Louis Carré & Cie, Paris, France
2012
Errós Mekanik, Nordatlantens Brygge, Copenhague, Denmark (solo)
2011
Erró – Drawings, Hafnarhús, Reykjavik Art Museum, Iceland (solo)
2011
Erró/Jean-Jacques Lebel, 1955-2011, Hilger Brot Kunsthalle, Vienna, Austria
2011
Erró. Porträt und landschaft, Schirn Kunsthalle Frankfurt, Germany (solo)
2011
Surrounding Bacon and Warhol, Astrup Fearnley Museum of Modern Art, Oslo, Norway
2010
Erró. Glycérophtalique 1990-2010, galerie Louis Carré & Cie, Paris, France (solo)
2010
Erró, Dessins (retrospective), musée d’Art moderne de Saint-Étienne Métropole, Saint-Etienne, France (solo)
2010
Erró - Portrett + 3. Astronauts ; 4. Women from North Africa ; 5. Dolls, Hafnarhús, Reykjavik Art Museum, Iceland (solo)
2010
Erró, 50 ans de collages, musée national d’Art moderne – centre Georges Pompidou, cabinet d’art graphique, Paris, France (solo)
2010
Erró, 50 ans de collages, musée des Beaux-Arts, Dole, France (solo)
2010
Erró – Collage, Hafnarhús, Reykjavik Art Museum, Iceland (solo)
2010
Erró, 50 ans de collages, Galerie d'Art Graphique du Musée National d'Art Moderne, Paris, France (solo)
2009
Erró - Portrett + 1. Monsters ; 2. Japanese Love Letters (1979-1980), Hafnarhús, Reykjavik Art Museum, Iceland (solo)
2009
Ingres et les Modernes, musée national des Beaux-Arts du Québec, Canada
2009
Ingres et les Modernes, musée Ingres, Montauban, France
2009
Astrup Fearnley Collection - Rotating Views #2, Astrup Fearnley Museum of Modern Art, Oslo, Norway
2009
L’Attraction de l’espace. Au fond de l’inconnu pour trouver du nouveau, musée d’Art moderne, Saint-Étienne, France
2009
Vraoum ! Trésors de la bande dessinée et art contemporain, La Maison rouge, fondation Antoine de Galbert, Paris, France
2008
Erró, le fou d’images, Espace d’art contemporain, chapelle de la Visitation, Thonon-les-Bains, France (solo)
2008
Erró, le fou d’images, musée de Louviers, France (solo)
2008
Erró. Cité interdite, tableaux interdits, Wharf, centre d’Art contemporain de Basse-Normandie, Hérouville Saint-Clair, France (solo)
2008
Série Playback, Art Paris, stand galerie Louis Carré & Cie, Paris, France
2008
Europop, Kunsthaus Zürich, Switzerland
2008
Figuration narrative. Paris, 1960-1972, galeries nationales du Grand Palais, Paris, France
2008
La Figuratión narrativa, París 1960-1972, IVAM, Valence, Spain
2007
The Forgotten Future - Erró, Hafnarhús, Reykjavik Art Museum, Iceland (solo)
2007
Toy Story, galerie Louis Carré & Cie, Paris, France
2007
The Erró Collection, Hafnarhús, Reykjavik Art Museum, Iceland (solo)
2007
Les Histoires extraordinaires de l’art moderne racontées par… Erró (partnership with Media Art Fructidor School), musée Denon, Chalon-sur-Saône, France
2007
Exploring the Oriental Utopia. Perspective from Erró, Zhang Kexin, Tawatchai Somkong, The National Gallery of Thailand, Bangkok, Thailand
2007
A Radical Reform + Construction Rule. On Erró, Zhang Kexin’s Contemporary Arts, Elements MoCA, Beijing, China
2007
Dolls and Molls. A selection of Erró’s paintings, Today Art Museum, Beijing, China (solo)
2006
Erró. El gran collage del mundo, Institut Valencià d’Art Modern (IVAM), Valence, Spain (solo)
2006
Erró. El gran collage del mundo, Sala Alcalá 31, Madrid, Spain (solo)
2006
The Forgotten Future (Aquarelles 1981-2004), galerie Louis Carré & Cie, Paris, France (solo)
2006
La Figuration narrative dans les collections publiques, 1964-1977, musée des Beaux-Arts, Orléans, France
2006
La Figuration narrative dans les collections publiques, 1964-1977, musée des Beaux-Arts, Dole, France
2006
La Force de l’art, galeries nationales du Grand Palais, Paris, France
2006
Il était une fois Walt Disney. Aux sources de l’art des studios Disney, galeries nationales du Grand Palais, Paris, France
2005
Fundació Es Baluard Museu d’Art Modern i Contemporani, Palma de Majorque, Spain
2005
Erró. Retrospective 1958-2004, Mannheimer Kunstverein, Mannheim, Germany (solo)
2005
Nos Femmes (Erró, Jean-Jacques Lebel, Bernard Rancillac, Hervé Télémaque), Frissiras Museum, Athens, Greece
2005
Big Bang, Musée national d’art moderne – centre Georges Pompidou, Paris, France
2004
Boulgakov ou l’Esprit de la liberté (avec Klasen et Monory), musée national des Beaux-Arts, Kiev, Ukraine
2004
Erró. Les Femmes fatales, Gœthe Institute, New York, USA (solo)
2004
Erró - Aesthetics and Politics (retrospective), Hafnarhús, Reykjavik Art Museum, Iceland (solo)
2004
Les Amazones en proverbe, galerie Louis Carré & Cie, Paris, France (solo)
2004
Erró. Obras 1958-2003 (retrospective), Museo Nacional de Bellas Artes, La Havane, Cuba (solo)
2004
The Erró Collection - Scapes, Hafnarhús, Reykjavik Art Museum, Iceland (solo)
2003
Erró. Hommage à Walt Disney, galerie Louis Carré & Cie, Paris, France (solo)
2003
Erró - War, Hafnarhús, Reykjavik Art Museum, Iceland (solo)
2003
Erró, Fahlström, Köpcke, Lebel, Phœnix Kulturstiftung, Sammlung Falckenberg, Hambourg, Germany (solo)
2002
Royal Academy of Arts, London, UK
2002
Paris, Capital of the Arts 1900-1968, musée Guggenheim, Bilbao, Spain
2002
French collection, musée d’Art moderne et contemporain, Genève, France
2002
Erró. La Saga des comics américains, Espace d’art contemporain Gustave Fayet, Sérignan, France (solo)
2001
Erró - Images of our century, Helsinki City Art Museum, Finland (solo)
2001
Les Années Pop (1956-1968), Musée national d’art moderne – centre Georges Pompidou, Paris, France
2001
Passions partagées. Collections privées d’art contemporain en Isère, musée de Peinture, Grenoble, France
2001
Museo de Arte Moderno, Monterrey, Mexico
2000
Compositeurs classiques, Contrepoint, Geneva, Switzerland
2000
Musée des Beaux-Arts, Charleroi, Belgium
2000
Bergen Billedgalleri, Bergen Kunstmuseum, Norway
2000
Norsk Vasskraft og industristadsmuseum, Odda, Norway
2000
Erró. Political Painting, Fylkesgalleriet, Førde, Norway (solo)
2000
Erró : images du siècle, musée d’Art contemporain, Marseille, France (solo)
2000
Erró. Les Femmes fatales, musée des Beaux-Arts, Caen, France (solo)
1999
Erró : images du Siecle, Galerie nationale du Jeu de Paume, Paris, France
1997
Femmes fatales, Geneva, Switzerland
1996
Von Mao bis Madonna, Museum Moderner Kunst Stiftung Ludwig, Vienna, Austria
1995
Qoi de neuf, docteur?, Le Salon d'Art, Brussels, Belgium.
L.A.C. Salon d'Art Contemporain, Hameau-du-Lac, Sigean, France
Galerie 56, Budapest, Hungary
1994
Palais des Congrès, Paris, France
Fruitmarket Gallery, Edinburg, Scotland
1993
Musée d'Orange, Orange, France
Musée de Saumur, France
Charlottenborg, Copenhagen, Denmark.
Porin Taidemuseo, Porin, Finlande
Göterborgs Kunstmuseum, Kunsthallen, Göterborgs, Sweden
1992
Galerie Bergerune & Cie, Paris, France
Pavillon Français, Exposition Universelle, Seville, Spain
Centre Culturel Nicolas Pomel, Issoire, France
F.I.A.C. Galerie Montenay, Paris, France
1991
Centre Gérard Philippe, Cergy-Pontoise, France
Galleria Leroica, Milan, Italy
Galerie 1000-2000, Paris, France
Galerie Fandos, Valence, Spain
1955
First exhibition, Paris, France (solo)

Literature

2010
Laurent Gervereau, Christian Briend: 'Erro: 50 Ans De Collages,' Centre Georges Pompidou Service Commercial, France
1996
Erro. Von Mao bis Madonna, Museum Moderner Kunst Stiftung Ludwig, Vienna, Austria
1994
Augé Marc: 'Erro, peintre mystique,' Paris
1991
Ingolfsson Aoalsteinn :' Erro.' Margfalt lif. Reykjavik
1990
Rodari Florian:' Erro, pêcheur d'Islande' World without Christmas, Galerie Sonia Zannettacci
1989
Kvaran Gunnar B.: 'Rymi/timi i verkum Erro.' Reykjavik
1988
Quemar A.M.: 'Erro'. PAE-Philosophie Images. Belfort
1988
Rodari Florian: 'Le Collage' Skira, Paris, sid. 157-159.
1966
Jouffroy Alain: 'Que faire de l'art'. Art et contestation. Bruxelles. sid. 175-202.