(German, 1883–1970) was a German painter, and one of the founders of the German Expressionist group Die Brücke (literally, the bridge
). During the early 1900s, Heckel and other members of Die Brücke, sought to create a link between the work of Edvard Munch
(Norwegian, 1863–1944) and the modern Expressionist paintings. Other founding members of the group included Fritz Bleyl
(German, 1880–1966), Ernst Ludwig Kirchner
(German, 1880–1938), and Karl Schmidt-Rottluff
(German, 1884–1976). Like many other Expressionist artists, Heckel used print as a way of making works quickly and cheaply. During World War II, Heckel was prohibited from holding public exhibitions by the Nazi party, who viewed the work as degenerate, and by 1944, most of Heckel’s work had been destroyed. After the fall of the Third Reich, Heckel took a job teaching at the Karlsruhe Academy in Gaienhoften, Germany. He continued painting until his death in 1970.
Between 2004–2005, a retrospective exhibtion, Erich Heckel – His Work in the 1920s
was held at the Brücke Museum in Berlin, Germany.