Elizabeth Catlett (American, 2012)

Elizabeth Catlett (American, April 15, 1915–April 2, 2012) was a sculptor, painter, and printmaker well-known for producing politically charged black Expressionistic sculptures and prints in the 1960s and the 1970s. Catlett was born in Washington, DC, and attended Dunbar High School. She received a scholarship to study at the Carnegie Institute of Technology in Pittsburgh, PA, but was rejected by the institution because of her race. In 1935, Catlett earned a BS and graduated cum laude from Howard University School of Art, in Washington, DC. She went on to graduate with an MFA from the University of Iowa in 1940, before moving on to study ceramics at the Art Institute of Chicago, IL. In 1942, she studied lithography at the Art Students League in New York City, and then, in 1943, she joined Ossip Zadkine (French, 1890–1967) to study sculpting. In most of her works, the artist combined fundamental elements of African traditions with the traditions of African Americans and western Mexico.

Catlett was originally enrolled to study design, printmaking, and drawing, but later changed her major to painting, due to the influence of James A. Porter (American, 1905–1970), and because Howard University did not have a sculpting department at the time. She taught for two years in North Carolina, but quit due to low salaries paid to black teachers. She was the first student to graduate with an MFA at the University of Iowa, and was greatly influenced by Grant Wood (American, 1891–1942), who produced great paintings of the American landscape. She sculpted Mother and Child in 1939, and a year later it won her first prize at the American Negro Exposition in Chicago, IL.

Catlett was involved in a number of exhibitions, including Prints & Drawings, at Sragow Gallery, New York, NY (1998), and Wood Sculpture, at June Kelly Gallery, New York, NY (2002). Catlett received a number of awards, such as the Lifetime Achievement in Contemporary Sculpture Award by the International Sculpture Center, in 2003. She is part of many collections around the world, including those of the High Museum of Art in Atlanta, GA, the Museum of Modern Art in Mexico, and the Library of Congress in Washington, DC. On April 2, 2012, Catlett passed away in Cuernavaca, Mexico.

Timeline

1915
Born in Washington, DC
1935
BS cum laude, Howard University School of Art, Washington, DC
1940
MFA, University of Iowa
1941
Studied ceramics, Art Institute of Chicago, IL
1942–1943
Studied lithography, Art Students League, New York, NY
1943
Studied with sculptor Ossip Zadkine in New York
1944
Taught dressmaking and sculpture at George Washington Carver School in Harlem
1947
Had first solo exhibition at Barnett-Aden Gallery, Washington, DC
1958
Became Professor of Sculpture and Head of Sculpture Department at School of Fine Arts, National Autonomous University of Mexico, Mexico City
1962
Became Mexican citizen and was cited as an "undesirable alien" by the United States State Department
1971
Had first solo exhibition at the Studio Museum in Harlem
1976
Retired as Professor of Sculpture at University of Mexico
Moved to Cuernavaca, Mexico
2012
Died in Cuernavaca, Mexico

Exhibitions

2002
Wood Sculpture, June Kelly Gallery, New York, NY
2001
Elizabeth Catlett, Works Of Art On Paper, M. Lee Stone Fine Prints, Inc., San Jose, CA
1998
Elizabeth Catlett Sculpture: A Fifty-Year Retrospective, Neuberger Museum of Art, Purchase, NY (catalogue; traveling exhibition)
1998
Elizabeth Catlett: Sculpture, June Kelly Gallery, New York, NY
1998
Elizabeth Catlett: Prints & Drawings, Sragow Gallery, New York, NY
1996
Prints from Mexico, Queens College Art Center, Benjamin S. Rosenthal Library, Flushing, NY
1996
Struggle and Serenity: The Visionary Art of Elizabeth Catlett, Caribbean Cultural Center/African Diaspora Institute, New York, NY
1996
In Rare Form, Afro-American Cultural Center, Charlotte, NC
1994
In the Hemisphere of Love: Elizabeth Catlett and Francisco Mora, Isobel Neal Gallery, Chicago, IL
1993
Sculpture, June Kelly Gallery, New York, NY (catalogue)
1993
Elizabeth Catlett, James E. Lewis Museum of Art, Morgan State University, Baltimore, MD

Public Collections

Art Institute of Chicago, IL
Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York, NY
Museum of Modern Art, New York, NY
Museum of Fine Arts, Houston, TX
Smithsonian American Art Museum, Washington, DC
Library of Congress, Washington, DC
Philadelphia Museum of Art, PA
Wadsworth Atheneum Museum of Art, Hartford, CT