Egon Schiele (Austrian, June 12, 1890–October 31, 1918) was a major figure of Austrian Expressionism. Although his career was short, Schiele’s prolific work paved the way for Modernism. He is most known for Figurative works, self-portraits, and portraits that express a deeply personal and radical aesthetic.

Schiele began his artistic career at the Akademie der Bildenden Künste (Vienna Academy of Fine Art) in 1906, but he left the academy in 1909 to form Neukunstgruppe, the New Art Group, with fellow classmates who shared his contempt for the academy’s curriculum. It was during this time that he became acquainted with Gustav Klimt (Austrian, 1862–1918), a future mentor and supporter of Schiele; Klimt helped Schiele participate in the Vienna Kunstschau of 1909. This international exhibition, along with Schiele’s subsequent showings, put the artist in contact with prominent dealers, critics, and patrons who would support his developing career. During this time, Schiele’s subjects began to become more expressive and exaggerated. In addition, his self-portraits and portraits became tinged with psychological and sexual subtext.

Schiele’s subjects, frequently outlined and then filled in with ink or color, were dynamic and tormented, often blatantly grotesque and erotic. In 1911, the artist had his first solo show at Galerie Miethke in Vienna, Austria, and later exhibited at Galerie Hans Goltz in Munich, Germany. Schiele went on to set up a studio in Vienna in 1912. He was very productive during this period, exhibiting both nationally and internationally. One of his most significant exhibitions occurred in 1914 at the Galerie Guido Arnot in Vienna. After only a decade on the scene, Schiele succumbed to the Spanish flu, but not before the 1918 Viennese Secession, which prominently displayed over 50 works of art and brought him much success and acclaim. In 2011, Schiele’s 1914 painting Häuser mit bunter Wäsche (Vorstadt II) brought in US$40 million at Sotheby’s, the largest sum paid for a work of art by the Austrian artist. Today the largest collections of his work can be seen at the Egon Schiele-Musuem in Tulln, the Leopold Museum in Vienna, and the Osterreichische Galerie Belvedere in Vienna.

Schiele died at the age of 28 on October 31, 1918.

Timeline

1890
Born in Tulln, Austria
1905
Attends the Academy of Fine Arts, Vienna, Austria
1909
Co-founder of the Neukunstgruppe, Vienna, Austria
1912
Jailed on immorality charges, Neulengbach & St. Pölten, Austria
1915
Married in Vienna and started his military service
1918
Died three days after his pregnant wife deceased suffering from spanish flu on October 31st in Vienna, Austria

Exhibitions

2011–2012
Das unrettbare Ich, Aquarelle und Zeichnungen aus der Albertina, Kunstbau der Städtischen Galerie im Lenbachhaus, Munich, Germany
2010
Egon Schiele as Printmaker, Galerie St. Etienne, New York, NY (solo)
Treasures from Budapest: European Masterpieces from Leonardo to Schiele, Royal Academy of Arts, London, UK
2007
Fondation Beyeler: EROS Rodin und Picasso, BA-CA Kunstforum Wien, Vienna
Body Politics: Figurative Prints and Drawings from Schiele to De Kooning, Walker Art Center, Minneapolis, MN
EROS in der Kunst der Moderne, Foundation Beyeler, Riehen, Switzerland
Schiele, Klimt, Kokoschka e gli amici viennesi, Museo d'Arte Moderna e Contemporanea di Trento e Rovereto, Italy
2006
Die Tafelrunde: Egon Schiele und sein Kreis, Österreichische Galerie Belvedere, Vienna
Degas to Picasso: Modern Masters, Museum of Fine Arts, Boston, MA
...aus der Sammlung: Selbstbildnisse, Landesgalerie am Oberösterreichischen Landesmuseum, Linz, Austria
Sammlung-Projekt Sammlung-Projekt Museum, Kunsthaus Zug, Zug, Switzerland
Österreich: 1900-2000, Sammlung Essl-Kunsthaus, Klosterneuburg, Austria
2005
Egon Schiele, Albertina, Vienna; Van Gogh Museum, Amsterdam, The Netherlands
Coming of Age: Egon Schiele and the Modernist Culture of Youth, Galerie St. Etienne, New York, NY
Klimt, Schiele, Moser, Kokoschka: Vienna 1900, Galeries nationales du Grand Palais, Paris, France
Egon Schiele: En cuerpo y alma, Museo de Arte Abstracto Español, Cuenca; Museu d’Art Espanyol Contemporani, Palma de Mallorca, Spain
Die Nackte Wahrheit: Klimt, Schiele, Kokoschka und andere Skandale, Leopold Museum, Vienna; Schirn Kunsthalle, Frankfurt/Main, Germany
2004
Bilder von Kindern. Bildern für Kinder and Schiele: Landschaften, Leopold Museum, Vienna
Support: Die Neue Galerie als Sammlung, 1950-Heute, Neue Galerie Graz am Landesmuseum Joanneum, Graz, Austria
Klimt Schiele Klee: Wotruba and the avant-garde, Gemeentemuseum Den Haag, Den Haag, The Netherlands
2003
Gustav Klimt bis Paul Klee: Wotruba und die Moderne, Albertina, Vienna, Austria
Avantgarde und Tradition, Lentos Kunstmuseum Linz, Linz, Austria
Egon Schiele, Museo dArte Moderna, Lugano, Switzerland
2002
Meisterwerke Der Graphischen Sammlung, Pinakothek der Moderne, Munich, Germany
Whisper: Sammelausstellung zum elfjährigen Jubiläum, Galerie Aurel Scheibler, Berlin, Germany
V.I.P., Berkeley Art Museum and Pacific Film Archive, Berkeley, CA
2001
Treasure Trove: Gems from the Collection, Gemeentemuseum Den Haag, Den Haag, The Netherlands
The Global Guggenheim: Selections from the Extended Collection, Solomon R. Guggenheim Museum, New York, NY
La Vérité Nue, Musée Maillol, Fondation Dina Vierny, Paris, France
1999
Zeitschnitt 1900-2000, 100 Jahre, 100 Werke, Lentos Kunstmuseum Linz, Linz, Austria
De Durero a Rauschenberg: La quintaesencia del dibujo, Museo Guggenheim de Arte Moderno y Contemporáneo, Bilbao, Spain
1997
Works from the Leopold Collection, Museum of Modern Art, New York, NY
1994
Egon Schiele, National Gallery of Art and other venues, Washington, DC
1990
Egon Schiele, Galerie St. Etienne New York, NY
1986
Otto Kallir-Nirenstein: Ein Wegbereiter Österreichischer Kunst, Historisches Museum der Stadt Wien Vienna, Vienna, Austria
Vienna 1900, Museum of Modern Art, New York, NY
Vienne 1880-1938, Centre Pompidou, Paris, France
Viennese Design & the Wiener Werkstätte, Galerie St. Etienne, New York, NY
1985
Traum und Wirklichkeit, Künstlerhaus Vienna, Vienna, Austria
1984
Le Arti a Vienna, Palazzo Grassi, Venice, Italy
Egon Schiele, vom Schüler zum Meister: Zeichnungen und Aquarelle 1906-1918, Akademie der bildenden Künste Vienna, Vienna, Austria
Arnold Schoenberg's Vienna, Galerie St. Etienne, New York, NY
1981
Austria's Expressionism, Galerie St. Etienne, New York, NY
1979
Egon Schiele, The Seibu Museum of Art, Tokyo, Japan
1977
Master Draughtsman: Egon Schiele, Galerie St. Etienne, New York, NY
1975
Egon Schiele: Paintings, Watercolors, Drawings, Haus der Kunst, Munich, Germany
1969
Creative Austria-20th century, Philadelphia Civic Center, Philadelphia, PA
1965
Gustav Klimt and Egon Schiele, Solomon R. Guggenheim Museum, New York, NY
Egon Schiele, Galerie St. Etienne, New York, NY
1964
Austrian Expressionists, Galerie St. Etienne, New York, NY
1963
Viennese Expressionism 1910-1924, Pasadena Art Museum and other venues, Pasadena, CA
1960
Egon Schiele (U.S. Tour), Institute of Contemporary Art and other venues, Boston, MA
1957
Egon Schiele: Watercolors & Drawings, Galerie St. Etienne, New York, NY
1945
Klimt, Schiele, Kokoschka, Neue Galerie, Vienna, Austria
1941
Egon Schiele: Paintings, Watercolors, Drawings, Galerie St. Etienne, New York, NY
1937
Exposition d'Art Autrichien, Jeu de Paume, Paris, France
1928
Gedächtnisausstellung Egon Schiele, Neue Galerie & Hagenbund, Vienna, Austria
1923
Egon Schiele, Neue Galerie, Vienna, Austria
1918
Egon Schiele, Vienna Secession, Vienna, Austria
1913
Egon Schiele: Kollektiv-Ausstellung, Galerie Goltz, Munich, Germany
1912
Sonderbund Exhibition, Cologne, Germany
1911
Egon Schiele, Salon Miethke, Vienna, Austria
1909
Internationale Kunstschau, Vienna, Austria
Neukunstgruppe, Kunstsalon Pisko, Vienna, Austria
1908
Erste Kunstausstellung, Stift Klosterneuburg Klosterneuburg, Austria

Public Collections

Neue Gallery, New York, NY
Art Institute of Chicago, Chicago, IL
Museum of Fine Art, Boston, MA
Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York, NY
Solomon R. Guggenheim Museum, New York, NY
Museum of Modern Art, New York, NY
San Francisco Museum of Modern Art, New York, NY
Kunstmuseum Basel, Basel, Switzerland
Leopold Museum, Vienna, Austria