Edward Hopper  (American, 1882-1967) 

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Edward Hopper (American, 1882–1967) was an extremely influential artist who was best known for his Realist oil paintings and watercolors of urban and rural scenes. Hopper was born in Nyack, NY, and began his formal education in art in 1899 through a series of correspondence courses. After his father urged him to obtain more formal education, he transferred to the New York Institute of Art and Design in 1900. There he studied under William Merritt Chase (American, 1849–1916) and Robert Henri (American, 1865–1929), both of whom influenced his subsequent career, working with oil and painting Realist scenes of everyday life. Upon completion of his education in 1905, Hopper landed a part-time job with an advertising agency designing covers for trade magazines. Hopper detested illustration work; however, due to the need to support himself financially, he continued in this capacity until 1923.

Hopper sold his first painting, Sailing (1911), in 1913 at the age of 31. His hope that this would be the beginning of a full-time career as an independent artist did not materialize for several more years, throughout which he continued to do illustration work in several different industries. In 1923, he met his future wife and fellow painter Josephine Nivison (American, 1883–1968) in Gloucester, MA. Nivison retired from her own career as a painter to assist Hopper in promoting his career. This led to six of his watercolor paintings being included in an exhibit at the Brooklyn Museum. One of them, The Mansard Roof (1923), was sold to the museum’s permanent collection. The following commercial exposure and the positive critical review resulted in the sale of all of his watercolors the next year. This allowed him to finally retire from illustration work and concentrate solely on painting.

Until his death in 1967, Hopper produced thousands of works, including his most famous painting, Nighthawks (1942), which was a prime example of his Realist style of painting scenes based on everyday life. Other notable pieces by Hopper include Early Sunday Morning (1930), Girl at Sewing Machine (1921), and Chop Suey (1929). All have been hailed as prime examples of modern American Realist painting.

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Edward Hopper, Cossack

 

Edward Hopper
Cossack
Thurston Royce Gallery of Fine Art, LTD.
Edward Hopper, Arab Beggar

 

Edward Hopper
Arab Beggar
Thurston Royce Gallery of Fine Art, LTD.
Edward Hopper, Even the Worm Will Turn

 

Edward Hopper
Even the Worm Will Turn
Thurston Royce Gallery of Fine Art, LTD.
Edward Hopper, Gallion in a Storm

 

Edward Hopper
Gallion in a Storm
Thurston Royce Gallery of Fine Art, LTD.
Edward Hopper, Hurdy Gurdy Man

 

Edward Hopper
Hurdy Gurdy Man
Thurston Royce Gallery of Fine Art, LTD.
Edward Hopper, Farm House at Essex

 

Edward Hopper
Farm House at Essex
1929

Hirschl & Adler Galleries
Edward Hopper, The Locomotive

 

Edward Hopper
The Locomotive
1923

Lipworth Fine Art
Edward Hopper, Evening Wind

 

Edward Hopper
Evening Wind
1921

C.G. Boerner
Edward Hopper, Verso: Seated Woman in a Gown with Hat and Parasol

 

Edward Hopper
Verso: Seated Woman in a Gown with Hat and Parasol
Thurston Royce Gallery of Fine Art, LTD.
Past auction results (398)  View All
Edward Hopper, Night Shadows (from Corner Saloon)

 

Edward Hopper
Night Shadows (from Corner Saloon), 1913
etching

 

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Edward Hopper, Oregon coast

 

Edward Hopper
Oregon coast, 1941
watercolor on paper

 

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Edward Hopper, Steam engine: The Ben Franklin

 

Edward Hopper
Steam engine: The Ben Franklin
pencil on paper

 

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1882   Born: July 22, Nyack, New York
1899 - 1900   Studied illustration at the Correspondence School of Illustrating, NY
1905   Employed as an illustrator by C. C. Phillips & Company, a New York advertising agency
1900 - 1906   Studied painting at the New York School of Art under Robert Henri
1907   Participated in his first exhibition, organised by fifteen of Robert Henri’s students in the old Harmonie Club building, New York
1923   Began to paint with watercolours, Awarded prizes for etching in exhibitions in Chicago and Los Angeles
1915 - 1924   Learned to etch and concentrates on printmaking
1935   Awarded Temple Gold Medal, Pennsylvania Academy of Fine Arts and the First Purchase Prize in watercolour, Worchester Art
1945   Awarded Logan Art Institute Medal and Honorarium, The Art Institute of Chicago, Chicago, IL
1950   Awarded honorary degree, Doctor of Fine Arts, by the Art Institute of Chicago, Chicago, IL
1953   Awarded Honorary degree, Doctor of Letters, Rutgers University, Newark, NJ
1955   Gold Medal for Painting presented by the National Institute of Arts and Letters in the name of the American Academy of Arts and Letters
1956   Awarded Huntington Hartford Foundation fellowship
1960   Received Art in America Annual Award
1963   Received award from the St Botolph Club, Boston, MA
1964   Awarded M. V. Khonstamn Prize for Painting, The Art Institute of Chicago, Chicago, IL
1965   Awarded honorary degree, Doctor of Fine Arts, Philadelphia College of Art, Philadelphia, PA
1966   Awarded Edward MacDowell Medal
1967   Died: May 15, New York, NY
2008   Edward Hopper, The Art Institute of Chicago, Chicago, IL
2007   Edward Hopper, The Natinoal Gallery of Art, Washington, DC
2005   At the window - etchings by Edward Hopper, Philadelphia Museum of Art, Philadelphia, PA
2004   Edward Hopper, Tate Modern, London, England
2003   Edward Hopper - the Paris Years, Nevada Museum of Art, Reno, NV
2002   Edward Hopper and Urban Realism, Samuel P. Harn Museum of Art, Gainesville, FL
2000   Edward Hopper, Bunkamura, Tokyo, Japan
1979   Edward Hopper: Prints and Illustrations, Whitney Museum of American Art, New York, NY (solo)
1969   Edward Hopper: Retrospective, Detroit Institute of Arts and City Art Museum, St Louis, MO (solo)
1964   Edward Hopper: Retrospective,Whitney Museum of American Art and Art Institute of Chicago (solo)
1963   Edward Hopper: Retrospective, Arizona Art Gallery, South Truro, MA (solo)
1962   The Complete Graphic Work of Edward Hopper, Philadelphia Museum of Art, Philadelphia, PA (solo)
1959   Currier Gallery of Art, Rhode Island School of Design and Wadsworth Atheneum, Hartford, CT (solo)
1952   Venice Biennale, Venice, Italy
1950   Edward Hopper: Retrospective, Whitney Museum of American Art, Museum of Fine Arts, Boston and the Detroit Institute of Arts (solo)
1933   Museum of Modern Art, New York, NY (solo)
1929   Paintings by Nineteen Living Americans, MoMA, New York, NY
1925   Pennsylvania Academy, Philadelphia, PA
1924   Rehn Gallery, New York, NY (solo)
1923   Humorist’s Exhibition, National Arts Club, New York, NY
1920   Whitney Studio Club, New York, NY (solo)
1913   Armory Show, New York, NY
1907   Participated in his first exhibition, Harmonie Club building, New York, NY