Edvard Munch  (Norwegian, 1863-1944) 

Edvard Munch (Norwegian, 1863–1944) was a painter and printmaker credited as the founding father of the Expressionist movement. Born in Oslo, Munch’s childhood was plagued by a series of tragic events—the deaths of his mother and sister at a young age, and a younger sister diagnosed with mental disabilities—which would later influence the emotive nature of his work. Munch’s artistic development began at the Royal Academy of Drawing in Oslo, where he studied under Christian Krohg (Norwegian, 1852–1925). The artist’s initial work in printmaking and painting was influenced by a French Realist aesthetic. In 1885, Munch traveled to Paris, where he created one of his earliest and most celebrated works, The Sick Child (1885-1886), dedicated to his sister Sophie who died of tuberculosis at the age of 15. The piece moved away from Realist sensibilities, incorporating gritty emotion that would later typify the ideals of Expressionist art.

After his brief trip to France, Munch returned to Oslo, and later traveled once again to Paris in 1889 to study under Léon Joseph Florentin Bonnat (French, 1833–1922). At this point, the Post-Impressionist movement dominated the Parisian art scene, but Munch continued to explore Expressionism and its ability to manifest in real form the emotions of his childhood, as well as growing issues with alcoholism and failed romance. In 1892, while living in Berlin, Munch's work became famous when it was banned from the Verein Berliner Künstler exhibition, as it was considered an anarchistic provocation. Shortly following his newfound fame, Munch unveiled the most important work of his career, The Scream (1893). Considered a prime example of Expressionist art, the painting represented Munch's own neuroses, combined with fin-de-siècle anxiety felt throughout Europe. Munch's continued success after the turn of the century would cause further issues in his personal life, which would in turn influence his work. He carried out the rest of his carrier in Norway, painting landscape scenes and exploring the bounds of Expressionism. Before he passed away in 1944, the artist left his biographical notes to the city of Oslo, which created the Munch Museum in 1963. The artist's work is a part of major collections throughout the world, such as the National Gallery in Oslo, the Kunsthaus in Zurich, and the Tate Modern in London.

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Edvard Munch, På sirkus (At the Circus)


Edvard Munch
På sirkus (At the Circus)

John Szoke
Edvard Munch, Melankoli (Melancholy)


Edvard Munch
Melankoli (Melancholy)

John Szoke
Edvard Munch, Gammel fisker (The Old Fisherman)


Edvard Munch
Gammel fisker (The Old Fisherman)

John Szoke
Edvard Munch, Erbschaft (Inheritance)


Edvard Munch
Erbschaft (Inheritance)

John Szoke
Edvard Munch, Dobbeltselvmord (Double Suicide, Dead Lovers, The Dead)


Edvard Munch
Dobbeltselvmord (Double Suicide, Dead Lovers, The Dead)

John Szoke
Edvard Munch, Die Blume der Liebe (The Flower of Love, A Plant)


Edvard Munch
Die Blume der Liebe (The Flower of Love, A Plant)

John Szoke
Edvard Munch, Ingeborg by the Fjord (Sunbathing)


Edvard Munch
Ingeborg by the Fjord (Sunbathing)
circa 1915

Galerie Artvera's
Edvard Munch, Modellstudie (Study of a Model)


Edvard Munch
Modellstudie (Study of a Model)

John Szoke
Edvard Munch, SnØlandskap (Winter Landscape)


Edvard Munch
SnØlandskap (Winter Landscape)

John Szoke
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Edvard Munch, Norsk Landskap


Edvard Munch
Norsk Landskap


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Edvard Munch, Portrett av Andreas Schwarz


Edvard Munch
Portrett av Andreas Schwarz


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Edvard Munch, The Sick Child I


Edvard Munch
The Sick Child I, 1896


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1863   Born Engelhangen, Norway
1879   Enters Technical College to become an engineer
1880   Leaves College to purue painting and joins the Realist Painters
1881   Enrolls at the Royal School of Art and Design
1882   Exhibits at the Industries and Art Exhibition
1889   Attends Bonnat School of Art in Paris
1892   Invited by the Berlin Artists’ Association to exhibit in Berlin, Germany
1895   The press urges a boycott of Munch’s exhibition at Blomquist’s gallery in Christiana, Norway
1902   Exhibits the “Frieze of Life” at the Berlin Secession
1908   Entered a hospital in Copenhagen, Denmark following a nervous breakdown
1910   Participates in the Berlin Secession
1911   Wins the Oslo University Aula competition
1913   Resigns from the Berlin Secession and exhibits new versions of the “Frieze of Life” paintings at the Autumn Exhibition in Berlin with Picasso
1915   Exhibits graphic works at the Panama-Pacific International exhibition in San Francisco
1923   Becomes a member of the German Academy of Fine Art
1927   Exhibits over 223 works at his retrospective exhibitions at the National Galleries in Berlin and Oslo
1928   Designs murals for central hall, Oslo City Hall
1944   Died Ekeley, Norway
1944   Died January 23rd in Ekely, Norway
2011   Sommergäste. Von Arp bis Werefkin - Die Klassische Moderne in Mecklenburg und Pommern, Staatliches Museum Schwerin, Germany
2011   Die unbekannte Sammlung - Klassiker der Kunsthalle Bielefeld, Kunsthalle Bielefeld, Germany
2006   Edvard Munch, The Modern Life of the Soul, Museum of Modern Art, NY
2004 - 2005   Edvard Munch, The Frieze of Life, National Gallery of Victoria
  Munch-mueseet, Permanent Collections
  Oslo National Gallery, Permanent Collections
  New York Metropolitan Museum, Permanent Collections
  Los Angeles Getty Center, Permanent Collections