Eduardo Chillida  (Spanish, 1924-2002) 

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Eduardo Chillida (Spanish, 1924–2002) is regarded one of the most important Spanish sculptors of the 20th century. Chillida first became famous for his monumental abstract steel works, many of which are now public sculptures. These works include the series El peine del viento (The comb of the wind), installed in front of the UNESCO office in Paris in 1968, and at the bay in the Basque region of his hometown in 1976, or his 2000 sculpture Berlin, placed facing the chancellery in the Germany capital as a symbol of German reunification. Chillida was born in San Sebastían, in the Spanish section of the Basque region set between Spain and France.

After studying architecture in Madrid, he began creating sculptures in 1947. He lived in Paris for three years before moving back to Hernani, near his hometown San Sebastían. There, he first worked with clay and plaster, but soon concentrated on sculpting using steel and granite, the materials with which he could best “form the empty space, provoking the vacuum and embrac[ing] the horizon,” as he once commented. While Chillida received widespread international attention, he went unnoticed in Spain for many years. He had solo shows and retrospectives in France, the United States, and Germany in the 1950s, and participated at the documenta exhibition in Kassel three times. In 1958, he won the international prize for sculpture at the Venice Bienniale, and in 1960 was awarded the Japanese Praemium Imperiale, before holding a large retrospective in Madrid in 1977. Much of Chillida's work is inspired by his Basque upbringing, and many of his sculptures have titles in the Basque language, Euskera. A large body of his work may now be seen in San Sebastián. In 2000, Chillida opened his own museum in Hernani, fulfilling a lifelong dream. He died two years later, at 78 years old; the museum still actively displays his work today.

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Eduardo Chillida, Eints

 

Eduardo Chillida
Eints
1974

Auction: May 3, 2014
Auktionshaus Kiefer
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Eduardo Chillida, Enparantza I

 

Eduardo Chillida
Enparantza I
Adam Gallery
Eduardo Chillida, Burni Bizitu II

 

Eduardo Chillida
Burni Bizitu II
Adam Gallery
Eduardo Chillida, Untitled

 

Eduardo Chillida
Untitled
1972

Adam Gallery
Eduardo Chillida, Composition (ME)

 

Eduardo Chillida
Composition (ME)
1975

Adam Gallery
Eduardo Chillida, Hand

 

Eduardo Chillida
Hand
1985

Galerie Biedermann
Eduardo Chillida, Sin título

 

Eduardo Chillida
Sin título
1970

Fernández-Braso
Eduardo Chillida, Oxido-Lurra

 

Eduardo Chillida
Oxido-Lurra
1979

Fernández-Braso
Eduardo Chillida, Untitled

 

Eduardo Chillida
Untitled
circa 1983

Tixall House
Past auction results (2543)  View All
Eduardo Chillida, Case de Goya

 

Eduardo Chillida
Case de Goya, 1983
screenprint

 

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Eduardo Chillida, Bikaina XI

 

Eduardo Chillida
Bikaina XI, 1987
etching and aquatint

 

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Eduardo Chillida, Gezna IV

 

Eduardo Chillida
Gezna IV, 1969
etching and aquatint

 

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1924   Born: in San Sebastian, Spain
1943 - 1946   Studied architecture at the University of Madrid, Spain
1947   Left architecture and studied drawing at a private school in Madrid, Spain
1954   A group of Franciscan monks commission him to design the four doors of their basilica at Aranzazu (Basque country)
1958   Awarded the prize of the Graham Foundation, Chicago, IL
1960   Awarded the Kandinsky Prize by Nina Kandinsky
1964   Awarded Carnegie Prize for his sculpture at Pittsburgh International, Pittsburgh, PA
1966   Won Wilhelm-Lehmbruck Prize and the Nordrhein-Westfalen Prize at Düsseldorf, Germany
1971   Visiting Professor at the Carpenter Center, Harvard University, Cambridge, MA
1974   Awarded The Diano Marina Prize in Milan, Italy
1975   Awarded the Rembrandt Prize of the Johann-Wolfgang-von-Goethe,Stiftung, Frankfurt, Germany
1978   Shared with Willem de Kooning the Andrew W. Mellon Prize and received the Pau i Treva prize in Perpignan, France
1981   Received the Medalla de oro al Merito de las Bellas Artes in Madrid, Spain
1983   Elected a Royal Academician by the Royal Academy of Arts, London, UK and received the European Prize for Fine Arts in Strasbourg, France
1984   The French government awarded him the Grand Prix National des Beaux-arts
1985   Received the Kaiserring prize, awarded by the city of Goslar, West Germany and received the Wolf Foundation prize for Sculpture in Israel
1986   Received the Revista Euzkadi prize in Bilbao, Spain
1987   Awarded the Principe de Asturias de las Artes Prize in Madrid, Spain and the Lorenzo-il-Magnifico Prize in Florence, Italy
1988   Received the Order for Science and Art, awarded by the Federal German Government
1991   Received the Imperial Prize created by the Japan Art Association
1993   Elected Honorary Member of the American Academy of Arts and Letters, New York, NY
1993   Elected Foreign Honorary Member of the American Academy of Arts and Sciences, Boston, MA
2002   Died: in San Sebastian, Spain
2012   Eduardo Chillida, Picasso-Museum, Münster (solo)
2012   Obras, Baukunst Galerie, Cologne (solo)
2010   Chillida and the challenge of philosophy, Museo Chillida-Leku, Hernani, Gipuzkoa (E) (solo)
2010   Galerie Biedermann, Munich, Germany
2009   Chillida 1980 - 2000, Caixa Forum, Madrid, Spain (solo)
Museo de Bellas Artes, Bilbao, Spain (solo)
2008 - 2009   Skulpturenpark Waldfrieden, Wuppertal, Germany
2008   Chillida. 1980 - 2000, CSIC Tarragona, Spain (solo)
Galeria Cayon, Madrid, Spain
2006   Galerie Biedermann, Munich, Germany
2004   Galerie Lelong, Zürich, Switzerland; Paris, France
2003   Annely Juda Fine Art, London, UK
Yorkshire Sculpture Park, Wakefield, UK
State Hermitage Museum, St Petersburg, Russia
Fundació Joan Miró, Barcelona, Spain
2002   Plastiken-Collagen-Gravitationen-Zeichnungen-Radierungen, Galerie Biedermann, Munich, Germany
2001   Galerie Nationale du Jeu de Paume, Paris, France
2000   Opening of the Chillida Museum in Leku, Hernani, Spain (solo)
Galerie Lelong, Zürich, Switzerland
1999   Galerie Biedermann, Munich, Germany
Galerie Lelong, Paris, France
Guggenheim Museum, Bilbao, Spain
Museo Nacional Reina Sofía, Madrid, Spain (solo)
1998   Galerie Biedermann, Munich, Germany
IVAM, Valencia, Spain
Centro de Arte Reina Sofia, Madrid, Spain
1997   Tasende Gallery Los Angeles, CA
1995   Galerie Biedermann, Munich, Germany
Galerie Lelong, Paris, France
1993   Schirn Kunsthalle, Frankfurt, Germany
1992   Galerie Biedermann, Munich, Germany
Palais Miramar, San Sebastian, Spain (solo)
1990   Hayward Gallery, London, UK
44th Biennale de Venise, Venice, Italy
Galerie Lelong, Paris, France
1989   Galerie Biedermann, Munich, Germany
1988   43rd Biennale de Venise, venice, Italy
Galerie Lelong, Zürich, Switzerland
1985   Galerie Biedermann, Munich, Germany
1985   Tasende Gallery, La Jolla, CA
1984   Mary-Anne Martin/Fine Art New York, NY
1983   Galerie Herbert Meyerellinger, Frankfurt, Germany
1981   Galerie Beyeler, Basel, Switzerland
Museum of FIne Art, Bilbao, Spain
1980   The Solomon R. Guggenheim Museum, New York, NY (solo)
1980   Ministry of Culture, Palacio de Cristal, Madrid, Spain
1979   Retrospective, National Gallery, Washington D.C. (solo)
1979   Museum of Art Carnegie Institute, Pittsburgh, PA
1977   Galeria Iolas Velasco Madrid, Spain
Carpenter Center for the Visual Arts, Harvard University, Boston, MA
1974   Galerie d'Art Moderne, Basel, Switzerland
1974   The Hastings Gallery, Spanish Institute, New York, NY
1972   First retrospective of graphic works, Ulm Museum, Germany (solo)
1969   Kunstmuseum, Basel, Switzerland
Kunsthaus, Zürich, Switzerland
Stedelijk Museum, Amsterdam, The Netherlands
1968   Documenta IV, Kassel, Germany
1966   Museum of Fine Arts, Houston, TX (solo)
1965   McRoberts and Tunnard Gallery, London, UK
1964   Galerie Maeght, Paris, France
1962   Kunsthalle, Bale, Switzerland
Picasso, Miró, Chillida, Museum of Fine Arts, Houston, TX
1961   Museum of Fine Arts, Houston, Texas
1956   Galerie Maeght, Paris, France (solo)
1954   Clan Gallery, Madrid, Spain
  Art Institute of Chicago, Chicago, IL
Guggenheim, Bilbao, Spain
Guggenheim Museum, New York, NY
Hirshhorn Museum and Sculpture Garden, Washington D.C.
Museo Chillida-Leku, Hernani, Spain
Museum of Fine Arts, Houston, TXCaixa Galicia Foundation, Vigo, Spain
Cleveland Museum of Art, Cleveland, OH
2004    Eduardo Chillida, Éloge de l’horizon, interviews compiled and prefaced by Susana Chillida. Paris, France: Éditions Galerie Lelong, 2004
2003    Baraňano, Kosme M. de; Uriarte Cámara, Jesús: Chillida. Madrid,2003.
2003    Chillida Belzunce, Susana: Elogio del horizonte: Interview with Eduardo Chillida and Susana Chillida. Barcelona, Destino, 2003
2003    Ezquiaga, Mitxel: Museo Chillida-Leku : una utopía convertida en realidad Donostia-San Sebastián, ACC Comunicación Creativa, 2003.
2003    Kortadi, Edorta: Una mirada sobre Eduardo Chillida : vida y obra de un artista universal. Madrid, Síntesis, 2003.
2003    Maderuelo Raso, Javier: Chillida, elogio de la mano. Madrid, Editorial de Arte y Ciencia, Fundación Juan March, 2003.
2003    Patino Perez, Antón: Eduardo Chillida : vida e filosofia. Ourense, Diputación Provincial de Ourense, 2003.
2001    Chillida, Galerie nationale du Jeu de Paume. Paris, France: Editions du Jeu de Paume / Réunion des musées nationaux, 2001
1998    Chillida : Retrospectiva 1948-1998, Museo Nacional Centro de Arte Reina Sofia, Madrid, Spain, 1998