(French, 1868–1940) was a painter and printmaker associated with the Nabis, a group of Post-Impressionist artists, including Paul Sérusier
(1863-1927), Pierre Bonnard
(1867-1947), Maurice Denis
(1870-1843) and best known for his domestic scenes
. He trained at the Académie Julian in 1886 under Tony Robert-Fleury
(1837-1912), and at the École des Beaux-Arts under Jean-Léon Gérôme
(1824-1904), before joining the Nabis in 1889. His sketchbooks and studies show an early interest in the interiors of 17th-century Dutch painters and those of Chardin.
One of Vuillard’s early works, La Causette
(1893), is part of a series of paintings depicting the artist’s mother and sister in a domestic setting. His Large Interior with Six Figures
(1897) is characteristic of Vuillard’s association with the Nabis for its emphasis on decorative patterns, the influence of Japanese woodblock prints, and shallow space. After 1900, Vuillard moved away from the Nabis style and his work became more three-dimensional. He painted a series of portraits depicting his artist friends, including Maurice Denis in 1930 and Pierre Bonnard in 1935, that drew a close connection between the subject and setting. Along with his painting, Vuillard designed costumes for theater productions and painted decorative panels for private clients. He also completed several public commissions, including decoration of the foyers of the Comédie des Champs-Elysées and the Théâtre de Chaillot in Paris. His work is currently held by many museum collections, including the National Gallery of Art in Washington D.C., the Musée d''''''''''''''''Orsay in Paris, and the Museum of Modern Art in New York.