Doug Aitken (American, b.1968) is a photographer who has worked in several different media, often overlapping and blurring the boundaries between each medium. Born in Redondo Beach, CA, Aitken now lives and works in Los Angeles. He began creating installations in the 1990s, using numerous screens, video feeds, and sounds to immerse viewers in an environment that fuses time and space, internal and external, and body and mind. His work has been exhibited worldwide in major institutions, including the Centre Georges Pompidou in Paris, and the Whitney Museum of American Art and The Museum of Modern Art in New York. In 1999, Aitken was awarded the International Prize at the Venice Biennale for his eight-screen installation Electric Earth. Aitken also created the Sonic Pavilion at the Inhotim Cultural Institute in Brazil, consisting of a mile-deep hole in the earth, with built-in speakers that recorded and amplified the sounds of the earth for viewers listening above. This project exemplifies the ways in which his works question how aware viewers are of their surroundings, in an attempt to open up dialogues between viewers, artists, and the spaces they inhabit.