David Lynch (American, b.1946) is best known as a prolific modern filmmaker. However, his work stretches out into the world of television, music, painting, and many other forms of art. His style is often characterized as surrealist, and he has even been branded with his own style, called Lynchian Style. Lynch was born in Missoula, MT, and moved around from place to place until he landed in Philadelphia, PA, where he enrolled in the Pennsylvania Academy of Fine Arts.

After a stint in Philadelphia, he moved to Los Angeles, CA, where he launched his film career. While working at the AFI Conservatory, Lynch created his first motion picture, Eraserhead (1977), a black-and-white surrealist horror film. The film was not acclaimed by critics, but it has held a strong cult following since its release. It wasn''t until the film The Elephant Man (1980) that Lynch received his first real taste of critical and commercial success. The film received eight Academy Award nominations, including Best Director. More importantly, Lynch became a household name, whose art has reached millions of viewers. Along with several feature films, Lynch has created many short films, several television series, and even some music videos.

Although most commonly known for his films, Lynch initially studied to be a painter. Lynch’s painting is characterized by its absence of color. He believes that black is a liberating factor and uses it to make his works become more dreamlike. In 2007, a major art retrospective on Lynch, The Air is on Fire, was displayed at the Fondation Cartier in Paris. This exhibition contained paintings, photographs, drawings, and other work, including site-specific installations.

Timeline

1946
Born in Missoula, Montana
1963–1964
Corcoran School of Art, Washington, D.C.
1964–1965
Boston Museum School, Boston, Massachusetts
1965–1967
Pennsylvania Academy of the Fine Arts, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania
Filmography
2001 Mulholland Drive
1999 The Straight Story
1997 Lost Highway
1995 Lumiere and Company
1992 Twin Peaks: Fire Walk With Me
1990 Wild at Heart
1989 Twin Peaks (pilot)
1988 The Cowboy and the Frenchman
1986 Blue Velvet
1984 Dune
1980 The Elephant Man
1976 Eraserhead
1974 The Amputee
1970 The Grandmother
1968 The Alphabet
1967 Six Men Getting Sick
Television Credits
1992 Hotel Room
1991 On the Air
1990 American Chronicles
1989 Twin Peaks
Advertising/Promotional Spots
1995 'Longing.' Promotional video for Japanese singer Yoshiki
1994 Sun Moon Stars. Ad for the Karl Lagerfeld fragrance
1993 Alka-Seltzer PLus. Ads
1993 Barilla Pasta. Ad
1993 'The Wall.' Ad for Adidas
1993 'Revealed.' Public service message for the American Cancer Society on Breast Cancer
1993 'The Institute of Life.' Jill Sander
1992 'Who is Gio.' Ad for giorgio Armani fragrance
1992 Opium. Ad for Yves Saint Laurent
1991 Dangerous. Promotion for Michael Jackson's Dangerous tour
1991 'Wicked Game.' Video for the Chris Isaak song featured in Wild at Heart
1991 Georgia Coffee. Four ads for Japanese TV, set in Twin Peaks and featuring characters from the TV show
1988 Obsession. Four ads for the Calvin Klein fragrance

Exhibitions

2011
New Painting and Sculpture, William Griffin Gallery
2010
The Prints of David Lynch, Artame. Istanbul
2010
The Air is on Fire, GL Strand, Copenhagen, Denmark
2010
Crime and Punishment, from Goya to Picasso (Group Exhibition),Musée D’Orsay, Paris,
2010
Mönchehaus Museum, Goslar, Germany
2009
Galerie Karl Pfefferle, Munich, Germany
2009
Garage Center for Contemporary Culture, Moscow, Russia
2009
Cultural Foundation Ekaterina, Moscow, Russia
2009
David Lynch, Danger Mouse and Sparklehorse, Michael Kohn Gallery, Los Angeles, CA
2009
Idem, Paris, France
2009
Galerie des Galeries, Paris, France
2009
New Paintings, GRIFFIN in cooperation with James Corcoran Gallery, Los Angeles, CA
2009
Max Ernst Museum, Bruhl, Germany
2009
Ars Cameralis Culture Institution, Katowice, Poland
2008
Gallery Ammann, Locarno, Switzerland
2008
Scoula Romana di Fotografia, Rome, Italy
2008
Epson Kunstbetrieb, Dusseldorf, Germany
2007
La Triennale di Milano, Milan, Italy
2007
Galerie du Jour, Paris, France
2007
Galerie du Passage, Paris, France
2004
Atlas Sztuki, Lodz, Poland
2001
Printemps de Septembre, Toulouse, France
2001
Centre de Cultura de Barcelona, Barcelona, Spain
1997
Otsu Parco Gallery, Osaka, Japan
1997
Galerie Piltzer, Paris (solo)
1996
Artium, Fukuoka, Japan (solo)
1996
Namba City Hall, Osaka, Japan (solo)
1996
Park Tower Hall, Tokyo (solo)
1995
Painting Pavillion, Open Air Museum, Hakone, Japan (solo)
1995
Kohn/Turner Gallery, Los Angeles, California (solo)
1993
James Corcoran Gallery, Los Angeles, California (solo)
1992
Sala Parpallo, Valencia (solo)
1991
Museum of Contemporary Art, Tokyo (solo)
1990
No. 0 Gallery, Los Angeles, California (solo)
1990
Tavelli Gallery, Aspen, Colorado (solo)
1989
Leo Castelli Gallery, New York, New York (solo)
1989
James Corcoran Gallery, Los Angeles, California (solo)
1989
University of Hawaii, Honolulu
1987
Pennsylvania Academy of Fine Arts: Fellowship 1897-1987, 90th Anniversary Exhibition, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania
1987
Rodger LaPelle Galleries, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania (solo)
1987
James Corcoran Gallery, Los Angeles, California (solo)
1983
Puerto Vallarta, Mexico (solo)
1967
Vanderlip Gallery, Philadelphia, PA (solo)