David Hockney (British, b.1937) is a painter, photographer, and set designer, first associated with the Pop Art movement, and later renowned for his intimate portraits and naturalistic scenes of both the everyday and the artificial of California life. Hockney was born in Bradford, England, and studied at the Bradford School of Art, exhibiting an extraordinary aptitude for draftsmanship. He later attended the London Royal College of Art, where he met fellow student R.B. Kitaj (1932–2007), who strongly influenced him and inspired Hockney to infuse the personally expressive into his works.

Hockney’s first works included common and commercial images, such as boxes of tea, which caused his early inclusion with the Pop Art movement. Hockney also favored a mix of literature and scandalous subject matter in his early work, including pieces on homosexuality inspired by Walt Whitman poems created in the Art Brut style of Jean Dubuffet. His mature work often draws on photographs, particularly after visiting California regularly in the 1960s, where he created naturalistic paintings with a flat, serene appearance, including his famous Swimming Pools series. He works in many mediums, including set design and photography. Hockney has held major retrospectives at the Royal College of Art in London, the Metropolitan Museum of Art in New York, and at the Los Angeles County Museum of Art. He currently lives and works in California.

Timeline

1937
Born in Bradford, England
1953–1957
Bradford College of Art, Bradford, England
1957–1959
Worked in hospitals as a conscientious objector to fulfil the requirements of national service
1959–1962
Royal College of Art, London, England
1962
Recipient, Royal College of Art gold medal for painting
1964
Instructor, University of Iowa, Iowa City, USA
1965
Instructor, University of Colorado, Boulder, USA
1967
Recipient, first prize at the John Moores exhibition
1969
Visiting Professor at the Kunsthochschule, Hamburg, Germany
1997
Recipient, Companion of Honour Award, London, England
2003
Recipient, Lorenzo de Medici Lifetime Career Award, Florence, Italy
2004
Recipient, The Rosa d’Oro Award, Sicily, Italy
Lives and works in Bridlington, England and Los Angeles, USA

Exhibitions

2013
25 Trees and Other Pictures by David Hockney, Salts Mill Saltaire, West Yorkshire, England
2012
David Hockney's Fresh Flowers: Drawings on the iPhone and iPad, Royal Ontario Museum, Toronto, Canada
2011
Me Draw on iPad, Louisiana Museum of Modern Art, Humlebaek, Denmark
David Hockney: Fleurs Fraiches Fondation Pierre Bergé - Yves Saint Laurent, Paris, France
2010
Intimacy! Baden in der Kunst, Kunstmuseum Ahlen, Ahlen, Germany
2009
David Hockney: Prints of Celia & Helen Frankenthaler Woodcuts, Greenfield Sacks Gallery, Santa Monica, USA (solo)
Summer in the City, Greenfield Sacks Gallery, Santa Monica, USA
Time & Place: Los Angeles, 1958-1968, Kunsthaus, Zürich, Switzerland
Accrochage, Galerie Boisserée, J. & W. Boisserée GmbH, Cologne, Germany
Artists from the 60s, Mayor Gallery, London, England
2008
Time & Place: Los Angeles, 1958-1968, Moderna Museet, Stockholm, Sweden
Face a face, Krethlow (former Kabinett Bern), Bern, Switzerland
2007
David Hockney: The East Yorkshire Landscape, LA Louver Gallery, Venice, USA (solo)
Day and Night, LA Louver Gallery, Venice, USA
100 x Kunst, Galleri Profilen, Aarhus, Denmark
When Art Worlds Collide: The 60s, Woodward Gallery, New York, USA
FACES, Cook Fine Art, New York, USA
2006
David Hockney: Graphics and Drawings, Andipa Gallery, London, England (solo)
David Hockney 'Portraits', Museum of Fine Arts, Boston; Los Angeles County Museum of Art, Los Angeles, USA (solo)
Spring Paper 8, Woodward Gallery, New York, USA
2004
David Hockney, An Intimate Eye, Richard Gray Gallery, New York, USA (solo)
2003
Paper Invitational VI, Woodward Gallery, New York, USA
2001
Kasmin's Sixties, Kasmin Gallery, London, England
2000
Encounters: New Art from Old, National Gallery, London, England
David Hockney: A Print Retrospective, Alan Cristea Gallery, London, England (solo)
1999
Recent Etchings, Alan Cristea Gallery, London, England (solo)
1997
Flowers, Faces and Spaces, Annely Juda Fine Art, London, England
1996
Drawing Retrospective, Museum of Contemporary Art, Tokyo, Japan (solo)
1995
Drawing Retrospective, Hamburg, Germany (traveled to Royal Academy of Art, London, England; Los Angeles County Museum, Los Angeles, USA) (solo)
1989
Sao Paulo Biennale, Sao Paulo, Brazil
1988
David Hockney: A Retrospective, Los Angeles County Museum of Art, Los Angeles, CA (traveled to The Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York, NY; The Tate Gallery, London, UK) (solo)
1983
Hockney Paints the Stage, Walker Art Center, Minneapolis, USA (solo)
Nishimura Gallery, Tokyo, Japan
Richard Gray Gallery, Chicago, USA
1981
Knoedler/Kasmin Gallery, London, England
1978
LA Louver Galler, Venice, USA
1976
Nicholas Wilder Gallery, Los Angeles, USA
1973–1975
Retrospective, Musée des Arts Décoratifs, Paris, France
1970
Retrospective, Whitechapel Art Gallery, London, England (traveled to Hannover, Germany; Rotterdam, The Netherlands; and Belgrade, Serbia)
1968
Museum of Modern Art, New York, USA
1965
Stedelijk Museum, Amsterdam, The Netherlands
Kasmin Gallery, London, England
Palais de Beaux-Arts, Paris, France
1964
Alan Gallery, New York, USA (solo)
1963
Kasmin Gallery, London, England (solo)

Public Collections

Cleveland Museum of Art, OH
Kemper Museum of Contemporary Art, Kansas City, MO
Los Angeles County Museum of Art, Los Angeles, CA
Museum of Contemporary Art, Los Angeles, Los Angeles, CA
Royal Academy of Arts, London, UK
Smithsonian American Art Museum, Washington, DC
The British Museum, London, UK
Thyssen-Bornemisza Museum, Madrid, Spain
Victoria and Albert Museum Catalogue, London, UK
Art Institute of Chicago, Chicago, IL
Fine Arts Museums of San Francisco, San Francisco, CA
Hirshhorn Museum and Sculpture Garden, Washington, DC
J. Paul Getty Museum, Los Angeles, CA
Museum of Fine Arts, Houston, TX
National Galleries of Scotland, Edinburgh, Scotland
National Gallery of Art, Washington, DC
National Gallery of Australia, Canberra, Australia
Royal Academy of Arts Collection, London, UK
The Royal Collection, London, UK

Literature

1995
Luckhard U and P. Melia. David Hockney:and A Drawing Retrospective. London, UK: RA, 1995 (catalogue)
1994
Hockney in California. Tokyo, Japan: Takashimaya Gal., 1994 (catalogue)
1988
Webb, Peter, Portrait of David Hockney. Boston, MA: Dutton, 1988
David Hockney: A Retrospective. Los Angeles, CA: ed. M. Tuchman and S. Barron, 1988 (catalogue)
1983
Hockney Paints the Stage. New York: M. Friedman, ed., 1983
1981
Livingstone, Marco. David Hockney. Austin, TX : Holt, Rinehart & Winston, 1981
1979
David Hockney Prints, 1954–77. Nottingham, UK: Scottish Arts Council; Midland Group, 1979 (catalogue)
1978
Travels with Pen, Pencil and Ink. London, UK, 1978
1970
David Hockney: Paintings, Prints and Drawings, 1960–70. London, UK: Whitechapel A.G, 1970 (catalogue)