Corneille (Dutch, 1922–2010) was a painter, draftsman, ceramicist, writer, and graphic artist. Corneille was born as Guillaume Corenelis Beverloo in Belgium to Dutch parents. He was co-founder of the avant-garde, post-war European art movement called Cobra, which was active between 1949 and 1952. The artists in this group drew their inspiration from Surrealism. Corneille is considered to be one of the most significant Modern graphic artists from the 20th century, and has been described as having developed a new poetic art with painting.

Corneille founded the Dutch Experimental Group Reflex in 1948 with his close friend Karel Appel (Dutch, 1921–2006). This group was later absorbed into the Cobra movement. Corneille studied at the Academy of Fine Arts in Amsterdam but was mostly self-taught. He created vibrant, expressionistic images with his paints, gouaches, and drawings. Corneille mostly painted landscapes until the 1960s, when his work became more Figurative in nature. This artist radicalized the Dutch art world in the early 1950s, making Modern Art embraceable. His great influences were Pablo Picasso (Spanish, 1881–1973) and Paul Klee (German, 1879–1940), but he claimed to have been most profoundly moved and connected to Vincent van Gogh (Dutch, 1853–1890, since they shared a love of form, nature, and color. Corneille is buried in a plot near van Gogh's grave in the Auvers-sur-Oise cemetery in France. Examples of his works are Nu et Chat, Nu rouge à l''Oiseau, Grande Effervescence Parmis les Oiseaux, and Reine des Sables.

Corneille's work is in the collections of the Fine Arts Museum of San Francisco, the Cobra Museum of Modern Art in the Netherlands, the Art Institute of Chicago, the Dallas Museum of Art, and the Museum of Fine Arts in Boston. He was deeply influenced by his time in Africa, where he examined local art and collected masks that he would later use as themes for his work. Corneille's work remains available for purchase at the Heede & Moestrup Gallery in Copenhagen, Pygmalion in Maarssen, Netherlands, the Robinsons Art Gallery in Knokke-Zoute, Belgium, the VVdM Art Gallery-Collection in Hong Kong, the galerie Whitford Fine Art in London, and the Michelle Champetier Gallery in Cannes. His work continues to sell well despite critiques of his later work being too automatic. Corneille died in Paris at the age of 88.

Timeline

1922
Born: in Liège, Belgium
1940
Emigrated to the Netherlands, subsequently naturalized
1940–1943
Studied drawing at the Amsterdam Rijksakademie, but taught himself how to paint. While at the academy he became a close friend of Karel Appel
1948
Co-founded the REFLEX movement
Co-founded the CoBra or Cobra Group
1950
Moved to Paris, France
1953
Studied etching under S.W. Hayter at Atelier 17, Paris, France
1954–1955
Studied Ceramics with Mazzotti at Albisola Mare, Italy
1956
Awarded the Guggenheim Netherlands Prize
1961–1966
Worked in Mallorca and Cadaques, Spain
Lives and works in Paris, France

Exhibitions

2008
Cobra & Co: Engravings and Prints, Palais des Beaux-Arts/Paleis voor Schone Kunsten, Brussels, Belgium
Alex Rosenberg: Collector and Patron, Freedman Gallery at Albright College, Reading, PA
Cobra to Contemporary, Artnews Projects, Berlin, Germany
Danish/Internatioanl Summer Exhibition, Galerie Moderne, Silkeborg, Denmark
2007
Match Race: Modernistic Remixes Between Now and Then, Kunsten Museum of Modern Art, Aalborg, Germany
Auktion 25, Auktionshaus und Galerie, Berlin, Germany
Cobra Reykjavik, Reykjavik Art Museum, Reykjavik, Iceland
Strip en Kunst, Singer Laren, Laren, The Netherlands
2006
Auktion 23, Auktionshaus und Galerie, Berlin Germany
What Happened to Art, Stedelijk Van Abbemuseum, Eindhoven, The Netherlands
Vernissage, Cobra Museum, Amstelveen, The Netherlands
2005
Corneille, Carl Hennign Pedersen og Else Alfelts Museum, Herning, Denmark (solo)
Accrochage, Gallerie Boisseree, Cologne, Germany
Cobra Collectie, Cobra Museum, Amstelveen, The Netherlands
2004
Tomi Ungerer, Galerie Kuhn, Berlin, Germany
Homage a Picasso, Galerie Wolfgang Exner, Vienna, Austria ,br> Corneille: Gemalde, Gouachen, Zeichnungen, Die Galerie, Frankfurt, Germany (solo)
2003
Corneil: errinnerungen 1941 bis 1951, Kunstverein Buchholz, Buchholz, Germany (solo)
2001
Traumbilder: Schumacker, Editionen Fils GmbH, Dusseldorf, Germany (solo)
1999–2000
From Kandinsky till Corneille: Linoleum in Art During the 20th Century, Cobra Museum, Amstelveen, The Netherlands
1998
Corneille, Gallerie San Carlo, Milan, Italy (solo)
1996
Cobra nd the Stedelijk, Stedelijk Museum, Amsterdam, the Netherlands
1989
Bienal Sao Paulo, Brazil
1987
Galerie Eugen Lendi, Graz, Austria
1985
Beinal, Sao Paulo, Brazil
1983
Cobra 1948-51, Musee d'Art Moderne, Paris, France
1982
Galerie Krikhaar, Amsterdam, The Netherlands (solo)
1981
Galerie Fabien Boulakia, Paris, France (solo)
Gallerie Hammerlunds, Oslo, Norway
1980
Galerie Delta, Rotterdam, The Netherlands (solo)
Galerie Michel Casse, Paris, France (solo)
Galerie Reflex, Amsterdam, The Netherlands (solo)
1979
Galerie Fabien Boulakia, Paris, France (solo)
Galerie L'Oeil de Boeuf, Paris, France (solo)
New Gallery, Jabbeke, Belgium (solo)
Galerij Maeyaert, Ostend, Belgium 9solo)
1978
Cobra 1948-78, Statens Museum for Konst, Copenhagen, Denmark
Galerie Orientale, Geneva, Switzerland (solo)
Gallerie Kanda Malare, Jonkoping, Sweden (solo)
Galleria Bonaparte, Milan, Italy (solo)
1977
Galerie Espace, Amsterdam, The Netherlands (solo)
Galleri Documenta, Copenhagen, Denmakr, (solo)
Maison Bernard, Caracas, Venezuela (solo)
1976
Galleri Documenta, Copenhagen, Denmark (solo)
Centro d'Arte, Sarono, Italy (solo)
Galerie Riis, Trondheim, Norway (solo)
Galerie Fabien Boulakia, Paris, France (solo)
Galerie Moderne, Silkeborg, Denmark (solo)
Lefebre Gallery, New York, NY (solo)
1975
Galeria del Cavallino, Rome, Italy (solo)
Petite Galeria, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil (solo)
Galerie L'Oeil de Boueuf, Paris, France (solo)
Meseu de Arte Moderno, Sao Paulo, Brazil (solo)
Galerie Espace, Amsterdam, The Netherlands (solo)
Institut Neerlandais, Paris, France (solo)
Galleria Gian Ferrari, Milan Italy, (solo)
Galerie Krikhaar, Amsterdam, The Netherlands (solo)
Galleria M. Arte, Milan, Italy (solo)
Galleria C.M. Rome, Italy (solo)
Carnegie Institute, Pittsburgh, PA (solo)
1974
Galleria Le Medusa, Rome, Italy
The Quartier Rose of Amsterdam, Lefebre Gallery, New York, NY (solo)
Galerie Montjoie, Brussels, Belgium (solo)
Palazzo Buonacorsi, Macerata, Italy (solo)
Palais des Beaux-Arts, Chaleroi, Belgium (solo)
Retrospective Tentoonstelling: Corneille, Museum voor Schone Kunsten, Ghent, Belgium (solo)
Studio Erre, Rome, Italy (solo)
Galleria La Medusa, Rome, Italy (solo)
1973
Homage a Picasso, Kestner-Gesellschaft, Hannover, Germany
1972
Galleria 70, Potenza, Italy (solo)
Schillerhof, Graz, Austria (solo)
1971
Galerie Rive Gauche, Paris, France (solo)
Palais Walderdorf, Trier, Germany (solo)
Galeria Ivan Spence, Ibiza, Spain (solo)
Galeria d'Arte, Trieste (solo)
Kunstverein, Salzburg, Austria (solo)
Lefebre Gallery, New York, NY (solo)
1970
Galerie Ariel, Paris, France (solo)
Galeria La Pochade, Paris, France (solo)
Lefebre Gallery, New York, NY (solo)
Galeria Ivan Spence, Ibiza, Spain (solo)
1969
Galerie Stangl, Munich, Germany (solo)
Galeria Ivan Spence, Ibiza, Spain (solo)
1968
Galerie Espace, Amsterdam, The Netherlands (solo)
Galerie Casse, Paris, France (solo)
1967
Galerie Kaleidoskoop, Ghent, Belgium (solo)
Lefebre Gallery, New York, NY (solo)
1966
Stedelijk Museum, Amsterdam, The Netherlands (solo)
Kunsthalle, Dusseldorf, Germany (solo)
Galeria Relevo, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil (solo)
1965
Cultureel Centrum, Hilversum, The Netherlands (solo)
Galerie Stangl, Munich, Germany (solo)
Lefebre Gallery, New York, NY (solo)
1964
Documenta 3, Kassel, Germany
Guggenheim Internatioanl, Guggenheim Museum, New York, NY
Galeria Souza, Mexico City, Mexico (solo)
Lefebre Gallery, New York, NY (solo)
Galleria Schwarz, Milan, Italy (solo)
1963
Galleria del Naviglio, Milan, Italy (solo)
Musee d'Antibes, France (solo)
Gallerie Blanche, Stolkholm, Sweden (solo)
Galerie Le Point Cardinal, Paris, France (solo)
Galerie Creuzevalt, Paris, France (solo)
1962
LeFebre Gallery, New York, NY (solo)
Galerie Mathias Fels, Paris, France (solo)
1961
Galerie Ariel, Paris, France (solo)
Haags, Gemeentemuseum, The Hague, The Netherlands (solo)
Stedelijk Van Abbemuseum, Eindhoven, The Netherlands (solo)
Brook Street Gallery, London, UK (solo)
K.B. Gallerie, Oslo, Norway (solo)
1960
Tekening van Corneille, Stedelijk Museum, Amsterdam, The Netherlands
1959
Documenta 2, Kassel, Germany
Galerie Espace, Haarlem, Netherlands (solo)
Galerie Le Gendre, Paris, France (solo)
1957
Salon des Réalités Nouvelles, Paris, France
Museum of Curacao, Dutch Antilles (solo)
1956
Carnegie International, Carnegie Institute, Pittsburgh, PA
Galerie Craven, Paris, France (solo)
Palais des Beaux-Arts, Brussels, Belgium (solo)
Stedelijk Museum, Amsterdam, The Netherlands (solo)
Stedelijk Museum, Schiedam, The Netherlands (solo)
1954
Galerie Colette Allendy, Paris, France (solo)
1953
Kunstkabinett Horemans, Antwerp, Belgium (solo)
Bienal, Sao Paulo, Brazil
1951
Salon de Mai, Musee d'Arte Moderne, Paris, France
Martinet en Michels, Amsterdam, The Netherlands (solo)
Galerie t'Venster, Rotterdam, The Netherlands (solo)
1950
Galleri Birch, Copenhage, Denmark (solo)
1949
CoBrA Exhibition, Stedelijk Museum Amsterdam, The Netherlands
Participated in the 1949 NEG and CoBrA exhibitions at the Galerie Colette Allendy in Paris and the Stedelijk Museum in Amsterdam
1947
Europai Iskola, Budapest, Hungary (solo)
1946
Het Beerenhuis in Groningen, The Netherlands (solo)
Junge Schilders, Stedelijk Museum, Amsterdam, The Netherlands

Public Collections

Art Institute of Chicago,Chicago, IL
Fine Arts Museums of San Francisco, San Francisco, CA
Museum of Fine Arts, Boston, MA
Indianapolis Museum of Art, Indiana, IN
Wichita Art Museum, Wichita, KS