Claude Monet (French, 1840–1926) is celebrated as a pioneering member of the Impressionist movement. Monet was born in Paris, and moved with his family to Le Havre in Normandy when he was a child. As a young man he met Eugène Boudin (French, 1824-1898), a painter who introduced Monet to painting en plein air, which would influence his work for the rest of his life. Monet moved to Paris in 1859, and spent the next several years studying art in the city and returning to Le Havre to paint with Boudin, while a few of his works were exhibited at the Paris salons.

In 1874, Monet created with Pierre-Auguste Renoir, Alfred Sisley, Camille Pissarro, Edgar Degas et Berthe Morisot the Société Anonyme des Artistes, which embraced the avant-garde techniques that were continually rejected by the salons; Monet’s famous work Impression, Sunrise was exhibited at their first group show. The paintings, with their expressionistic brushstroke and embrace of color, light, and form over naturalistic depictions, caused uproar among critics. One critic took the title of Monet’s painting and used the word “impressionism” disdainfully in his review of the group; the Société Anonyme appropriated the word, however, naming themselves the Impressionists.

Monet later moved to Vétheuil where he exhibited his work, including his series of haystacks and the Rouen cathedral series, with other Impressionist artists represented by the influential dealer Paul Durand-Ruel, who organized several exhibitions of Impressionist paintings that received great praise in later years. In 1890 Monet moved to his home in Giverny, painting scenes of his garden as well as his famous series of water lilies, which achieved an aesthetic bordering on abstraction towards the end of his life. Monet died in Giverny in 1926, at 86 years old. His work can be found in the collections of the Solomon R. Guggenheim Museum, the Metropolitan Museum of Art, and the Museum of Modern Art in New York, the Art Institute of Chicago, the Musée d’Orsay in Paris, the Kunstmuseum Basel, the Courtauld Institute of Art in London, and many other institutions around the world.

Timeline

1840
Born: November 14, Paris, France
1860
Met the landscape artist Eugène Boudin, who introduced him to plein-air painting
1860
Attended the Académie Suisse
1862
Enrolled in the studio of Charles Gleyre, with fellow students Frédéric Bazille and Alfred Sisley
1874
Formed the Société Anonyme des Artistes along with other artists
1926
Died: December 5, Giverny, France

Exhibitions

2008
Turner to Monet, Naitonal Gallery of Austrialia, Canberra, ACT, Australia
2008
Masterpiece Replayed: Monet, Matisse and More, Phoenix Art Museum, Phoenix, AZ
2007
Monet bis Picasso - Die Sammlung Batliner, Albertina, Vienna
2006
Women in Impressionism, Ny Carlsberg Glyptotek, Copenhagen, Denmark
2005
Marine - Paintings of the Sea, Crane Kalman Gallery, London, England
2004
Monets Garten, Kunsthaus Zurich, Zurich, Switzerland
2003
La Vie en Rose, Helly Nahmad Gallery, London, England
2002
Impressions of Light: The Fernch Landscape from Corot to Monet, MFA - Museum of FIne Arts, Boston, Boston, MA
2001
Corot to Picasso, Cantor Arts Center at Stanford University, Stanford, CA
2000
The Impressionists at Argenteuil, The National Gallery of Art, Washington, DC
1999
Theo van Gogh - Art Dealer, collector and brother of Vincent, Van Gogh Museum, Amsterdam, Netherlands
1998
Is This Art? Art Tower Mito ATM, Mito
1927
Installation of twenty-two water lily paintings (solo)
1927
Claude Monet: Retrospective, Museum of Fine Arts, Boston (solo)
1912
Claude Monet: Venice (solo)
1909
Water Lilies: Landscapes of Water (solo)
1904
London: The Thames (solo)
1900
Claude Monet: a selection of his recent paintings (solo)
1891
Exhibition of Monet's first series paintings, Grainstacks, Galerie Durand-Ruel, Paris, France (solo)
1889
Retrospective, Galerie Georges Petit (solo)
1883
Galerie Durand-Ruel, Paris, France (solo)
1882
Impressionist group exhibition, Paris, France
1880
First one-man exhibition at La Vie Moderne, Paris, France (solo)
1880
The Salon, Paris, France
1874–1879
Impressionist group exhibition, Paris, France
1874
Monet exhibits Impression: Sunrise at the Impressionist group exhibition, Paris; First Exhibition of the Société Anonyme des Artistes
1865–1866
The Salon, Paris, France