Chu Teh-Chun (Chinese/French, b.1920) is a Chinese artist who established himself in France as an abstract painter. Born in the eastern city of Hangzhou, Chu studied traditional Chinese painting at Hangzhou’s School of Fine Arts. Chu followed the trajectory of many university instructors and students, who moved further west within China due to the 1937 Sino-Japanese War, and became a professor at the University of Nanking. In 1949, he moved to Taipei, where he taught at the National University for a decade and a half, before moving to Paris in 1955. The exposure to European art altered the focus of his career: Chu immersed himself in Western art, painting the Parisian countryside and visiting the Louvre. In 1956 he attended an exhibition of the Abstract works of Nicolas de Stäel, which spurred him to abandon figurative painting for colorful abstractions evocative of landscapes. He gained French recognition for his works during the second half of the 1950s, and his 1964 exhibition at the Carnegie Art Museum in Pittsburgh, shows in Jerusalem and Athens, and his participation in the 1969 Sao Paulo Biennial established his international reputation. In the 1970s, Chu returned to the practice of traditional Chinese calligraphy, which he studied as a youth and incorporated calligraphic elements into his paintings. In 1987, the Taipei Museum of National History held a retrospective of Chu’s work, assembling the entirety of his oeuvre for the first time in the 32 years since he left Taiwan. Chu lives and works in Paris today.

Timeline

1920
Born in Jiangsu Province, China
1935
Enrolled in the National College of Arts, Hangzhou, China
1941
Graduated from National College of Arts
Appointed Assistant Tutor at the National College of Arts
1949
Left Nanjing, China for Taipei, Taiwan
1950
Appointed professor in the Department of Architecture at the Taipei School of Industry, Taipei, Taiwan
1951
Taught in the Fine Arts Department at the National Taiwan Normal University, Taipei, Taiwan
1955
Arrived in Paris
Attended drawing classes at the Académie de la Grande Chaumière
1958
First solo exhibition at the Haut Pavé Gallery in Paris, France
1969
Participated in the Tenth Biennale in Sao Paulo, Brazil
1980
Became a citizen of France
1983
Acted as an external examiner for the Fine Arts Department of the Chinese University of Hong Kong
1999
Formally inducted into l’Institut de France, Académie des Beaux-Arts, Paris, France

Exhibitions

2011
"Chu Teh-Chun: Process and Transformation" FEAST Projects, Hong-Kong (solo)
2010
"Da Neve, do Ouro e do Ceu Azul" Macau Art Museum (solo)
"Chu Teh-Chun - of Snow, Gold and Sky Blue" part of the Program of French May Program, organized by French Consulate in Hong Kong and the University Museum and Art Gallery (solo)
"Chu Teh-Chun, Retrospective" The National Art Museum of CHina, Beijing, China (solo)
2009
"The Sound of the Universe" Suzhou Museum of Art, Suzhou, China (solo)
"Chu Teh-Chun" Marlborough Fine Art, London, England (solo)
"Chu Teh-Chun and the Manufacture de Sevres" Musee Guimet, Paris, France (solo)
2008
"Chu Teh-Chun 88 Retrospective" National History Museum of Art, Taipei, Taiwan (solo)
2007
Royal Ueno Museum, Tokyo, Japan (solo)
"Chu Teh-Chun: Pintura Reciente" Marlborough Madrid, Madrid, Spain (solo)
2006
"Chu Teh-Chun: Paintings" Marlborough Gallery, New York, USA (solo)
2005
Shanghai Art Museum, Shanghai, China (solo)
2003
Exposition a Chatillon-en-Diois, Paris, France (solo)
"Exposition de peintures sur ceramique" Galerie de la Bouquinerie de l'Institut, Paris, France
Inauguration and Symphony Festival at Shanghai Opera, Shanghai Opera, Shanghai, China
"Listen to the Universe" Jung Yi University, Taichung, Taiwan
"remiere presentation publique de Symphonie Festive au Palais Garnier, Palais Garnier, Paris
2002
Galerie Darga, Bali, Indonesia
Exhibition of Lithographs, Angel Art Museum, Taipei, Taiwan
2001
Museum of Art, Guangdong, China
Second Traveling Exhibition in the Far East, the French Association for Artistic Action, Pusan Metropolitan Museum, Pusan, South Korea
2000
"Chu Teh-Chun, Peintures" Hotel de Ville, Sochaux, France (solo)
"Chu Teh-Chun: Paintings" Shanghai Museum, Shangai, China (solo)
1999
Villa Tamaris, La Seyne-sur-Mer, France
"Chu Teh-Chun: Poetry and Music" Alisan Fine Arts Ltd., Hong Kong (solo)
"Chu Teh Chun: Recent Works" Galeries Milstain, Brussels, Belgium (solo)
1998
Domain Haut-Gleon, Corbieres, France
Galerie Enrico Navarra, Paris, France
Galerie Espace 061, Art Contemporain, Paris
Galerie Patrice Trigano, Paris
Heritages Art International Ltd., Taipei, Taiwan
Salons du Palais des COnsuls, Rouen, France
"Ecstatic Depths: Recent Paintings 1986-1996" The Museum of Fine Arts ,Taipei, Taiwan (solo)
"Important Works of Chu Teh-Chun: The 50s in Taichung" New Vision Art Gallery, Taichung, Taiwan (solo)
1997
Bouquinerie de L'institut, Paris, France
Galerie Alisan Fine Arts Ltd., Hong Kong
First Traveling Exhibition in the Far East, French Association for Artistic Action, Arts Palace, Beijing, CHina
1996
Galerie Moly, Kaoshiung, Taiwan
1995
Galerie Regis Dorval, Le Touquet, France
Glenbow Museum, Calgary, Canada
"Primal Signs" Stratford Gallery, stratford, Canada
1994
Dimensions Art Gallery, Taipei, Taiwan
Dimensions Art Gallery, Taichung, Taiwan
Dimensions Art Gallery, Kaosiung, Taiwan
Galerie Municipale, Vitry sur Seine, France
1993
Dimensions Art Gallery, Taichung, Taiwan
Dimensions Art Gallery, Kaohsiung, Taiwan
Galerie Protee, Toulouse, France
1992
Art Bartschi Compagnie, Galerie du Chateau, Geneva, Switzerland
Galerie Pierre, Taichung, Taipei, Taiwan
"Primal Signs" Palais Montcalm, Quebec, Canada
"Work from the 60s" Galerie Arlette Gimaray, Paris, France
1991
Galerie Luxembourg, Luxembourg
Galerie Patrice Trigano, Paris, France
Musee d'Art Contemporain, Dunkerque, France
1990
Galerie Bellecour, Lyon, France
Galerie Helene Trintignant, Montpellier, France
Galerie Regis Dorval, Le Touquet, France
Pyramide Pernod, Creteil, France
1989
Galerie Arlette Gimaray, Paris, France
Galerie Artlo, Toulouse, France
Galerie Gabrielle, Strasbourg, France
Galerie Sylvie Lanel, Honfleur, France
1988
Galerie Luxembourg, Luxembourg
Galerie Regis Dorval, Le Touquet, France
Galerie Septentrion, Marcq-en Baroeul, France
Musee des Arts, Taichung, Taiwan
Musee d'Art Moderne, Leige, Belgium
1987
Galerie Luxembourg, Luxembourg
Galerie Triform, Taipei, Taiwan
King Ling Art Center, Kaohsiung, Taiwan
Lung Men Art Gallery, Taipei, Taiwan
Retrospective, Museum of National History, Taipei, Taiwan (solo)
1986
Centre d'Arts et Loisirs, Privas, France
Galerie Bellecour, Lyon, France
The Hong Kong Institute for the Promotion of Chinese Culture, Hong Kong
1985
Centre Culturel Municipal, Gentilly, France
Galerie Bellint, Paris, France
Galerie Pierre Hubert, Geneva, Switzerland
Galerie Suzanne Pons, Cannes, France
1984
Theatre Municipal, Esch-sur-Alzette, Luxembourg
1983
Galerie Luxembourg, Luxembourg
1982
Maison de la Culture, Nantes, France
"Retrospective de peintures et dessins de 1955 a 1982" Musee des Beaux Arts Andre Malraux, Le Havre, France
1980
Galerie Arts et Lettres, Saint-Nazaire, France
1979
Galerie France, Bordeaux, France
Galerie Musee de Poche, Paris, France
Galerie Suilerot, Paris, France
1977
Antiope Gallery, Sorrento, Italy
Paul Bruck Gallery, Luxembourg
"Retrospective" Maison de la Culture of Saint-Etienne, France (solo)
1971
Mikeldi Gallery, Bilbao, Spain
1970
Galerie Royal Luxembourg, Nice, France
1969
La Galerie Henri Gregoire, Marseilles, France
La Galerie Le Grall, Paris, France
Tenth Sao Paulo Biennial, Sao Paulo, Brazil
1968
Latzer Gallery, Kreuzlingen, Switzerland
1967
La Galerie Raber, Lucerne, Switzerland
1965
La Galerie de L'Universite of Paris, Paris, France
1962
Galerie Baier, Mayence, France
Galerie Legendre, Paris, France
Donner a voir,Galerie Crueze, Paris, France
1960
Galerie Legendre, Paris, France
1958
Galerie de Beaune, Paris, France
Galerie du Haut-Pave, Paris, France
Galerie Legendre, Paris, France

Public Collections

Bibliothèque Nationale, Paris, France
Fonds National d’Art Contemporain, Paris, France
Maison de la Culture de la Société des Eaux, Marseille, France
Musée d’Art Contemporain, Dunkerque, France
Musée d’Art Moderne de la Ville, Paris, France
Musée Bertrand, Chateauroux, France
Musée de Pierrefeu, Nice, France
Museum of Contemporary Art, Liège, Belgium
National Museum of History, Taipei, Taiwan
Olympic Museum, Lausanne, Switzerland
Shanghai Opera House, Shanghai, China
Taipei Fine Art Museum, Taipei, Taiwan
Taiwan Museum of Art, Taichung, Taiwan