Chen Yifei (Chinese, 1946–2005) was a painter best known for his realistic portraits of Chinese women in traditional dress, and landscapes depicting the Chinese countryside. Born in Ningbo, Zhejiang Province, Chen studied at the Shanghai College of Art in the style of Russian Socialist Realism. Shortly after he graduated, Chen was painting propaganda for the Cultural Revolution, including portraits of Mao Tse-Tung. After the Cultural Revolution diminished in power, Chen painted Looking at History from My Space (1979), portraying the artist looking at a wall depicting historical events in China during the 1910s and 1920s. Chen lived in New York from 1980 to 1990, and found commercial success by painting Chinese subject matter in a Romantic Realist style, characterized by dark, rich colors. His subject matter includes melancholic women, Chinese musicians, Tibetan villagers, and landscapes of the Chinese countryside. His Poppy (1991)—the title of which refers to a song by the Tang Dynasty poet Bo Zhuyi—depicts a young woman in traditional dress holding a rigid posture against a black background. When Chen returned to Shanghai, he painted Tiben and Chinese landscapes in an Impressionist style, and designed projects for hotels, fashion, films, and home furnishings. His work has been exhibited at the Venice Biennale, the Shanghai Museum, and the China National Museum of Fine Arts.