Carlos Cruz-Diez (Venezuelan, b.1923) is a painter and installation artist known for his chromatic structures that present color as an experience of encountering light. Born in Caracas, he studied at the Escuela de Artes Plásticas y Aplicadas, and worked at an advertising agency and as a newspaper illustrator before developing his chromatic structures. One of his early series of Fisicromías, begun in 1959, were strips of cardboard, aluminum, and Plexiglas that were arranged on different levels, so as to give the impression of vibrating color. His series of Chromosaturations (1969) were 22 cabins made of red, blue, and green Plexiglas that were installed at the entrance of the Place de l’Odéon in Paris. Cruz-Diez emphasizes the viewer’s physical interaction with the work, instead of passive appreciation that requires knowledge of cultural context. He has also worked with silk-screen prints, video, architectural models, and traditional paintings. His work has been exhibited at the Museo Reina Sofia in Madrid, Museum of Fine Arts in Houston, and the Los Angeles County Museum of Art, among other institutions. He currently lives and works in Paris.

Timeline

1923
Born: Caracas, Venezuela
1973–1980
Member, jury for diplome of École Superieure des Beaux Arts Paris, France
1986–1993
Titular Professor and Director,Art Unit of Institute of Advanced Studies, IDEA, Caracas, Venezuela

Exhibitions

2013
Circumstance and Ambiguity of Color, Maxwell Davidson Gallery, New York, NY
2012
Sicardi Gallery, Houston, Texas (solo)
2012
Cruz-Diez: A cor no espaco e no tempo, Pinacoteca do Estado, Sao Paulo (solo)
2012
Carlos Cruz-Diez: Circumstance and ambiguity of color, Jiangsu Provincial Art Museum, Nanjing, China (solo)
2012
Carlos Cruz-Diez: Circumstance and ambiguity of color, Henan Art Museum, Zhengzhou, China
2012
Carlos Cruz-Diez: Color in Space, Jeonbuk Province Art Museum, Jeonbuk, South Korea
2011
Carlos Cruz-Diez: Color in Space and Time, Museum of Fine Arts, Houston, TX
2011
Cruz-Diez: Color in Space, Dream Forest Arts Center, Sang Sang Tok Tok Gallery, Seoul, South Korea
2011
Carlos Cruz-Diez: El color en el espacio y en el tiempo, Museo de Arte Latinoamericano (MALBA - Fundacion Constantini), Buenos Aires, Argentina
2011
Color on Color, Frost Art Museum, Miami, Florida
2011
Suprasensorial: Experiments in Light, Color, and Space, Museum of Contemporary Art, Los Angeles, California
2011
Carlos Cruz-Diez: Color in Space and Time, Museum of Fine Arts, Houston (MFAH), Houston, U.S
Cruz-Diez. Circunstancia y Ambigüedad del Color, Galería La Cometa, Bogotá, Colombia
Cruz-Diez. Cuestionamiento a lo Bidimensional, Galería Cayón, Madrid, Spain(solo)
2010
Environment Chromatic-Interferences. Interactive Space by Carlos Cruz-Diez, Guangdong, China
Cruz-Diez. O Instável da Cor, Galeria de Arte Ipanema, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil
Carlos Cruz Diez. The Embodied Experience of Color, Miami Art Museum, Miami, United States
Carlos Cruz-Diez. El Color. Una Circunstancia Espacial y Temporal, Marión Gallery,Panama, Republic of Panama.
Circonstance et Ambiguïté de la Couleur, Galerie Denise René, Espace Marais, Paris,France(solo)
2010
Geometrie hors Limites. Art Contemporain Latino-américain. Jean et Colette Cherqui Collection, Maison de l’Amérique Latine, Paris, France.
Suprasensorial. Experiments in Light, Color, and Space, The Geffen Contemporary at The Museum of Contemporary Art (MOCA), Los Angeles, United States.
Embracing Modernity. Venezuelan Geometric Abstraction, The Wolfsonian Teaching Gallery au Frost Art Museum, Miami, United States.
Couleur et Géométrie, Actualité de l’Art Construit Européen, Orangerie des Musées and Municipal Library, Sens, France.
Vibración. Modern Art from Latin America. The Ella Fontanals - Cisneros Collection, Kunst and Ausstellungshalle der Bundesrepublik Deutschlan, Bonn, Germany.
Lumière et Mouvement / Luce e Movimento, Signum Foundation Palazzo Donà, Venice, Italy
Los Sitios de la Abstracción Latinoamericana. Colección Ella Fontanals-Cisneros, EsBaluard Museu d’Art Modern i Contemporani de Palma, Palma de Mallorca, Spain.
Desenhar no Espaço: Artistas Abstratos do Brasil e da Venezuela na Coleção PatriciaPhelps de Cisneros, Pinacoteca do Estado de São Paulo, São Paulo, Brazil
América Fría: La Abstracción Geométrica Latinoamericana (1934 - 1973), Fundación Juan March, Madrid, Spain.
Sculpere-Esculpir. Forma, Volumen y Espacio, Poéticas de la Materialidad, Museo de la Solidaridad Salvador Allende, Santiago de Chile, Chile.
2010
Carlos Cruz-Diez: The Embodied Experience of Color, Miami Art Museum, Miami, FL (solo)
2009
Carlos Cruz-Diez. El Color Sucede, Museu d’Art Espanyol Cotemporani, Palma, Spain. Museo de Arte Abstracto Espanol, Cuenca, Spain
2009
North Looks South: Building the Latinamerican Art Collection, Museum of Fine Arts, Houston, TX
2009
Explorando el Sur. El Universalismo Constructivo y otras Tendencias en América Latina,Museo Extremeño e Iberoamericano de Arte Contemporáneo, Badajoz, Spain.
North Looks South. Building the Latin American Art Collection, Museum of Fine Arts,Houston (MFAH), Caroline Wiess Law Building, Houston, United States.
Abstrakcja i Kinetyka. Abstracts and Kinetics, Atlas Sztuki, Lodz, Poland
2009
Carlos Cruz-Diez. El Color Sucede, Museo de Arte Abstracto Español, Cuenca, Spain
Carlos Cruz-Diez. El Color Sucede, Museo de Arte Abstracto Español, Cuenca, Spain
Carlos Cruz-Diez. 50 Ans de Recherche, Galerie Lavignes Bastille, Paris, France
Carlos Cruz-Diez. El Color Sucede, Museu d'Art Espanyol Contemporani, Palma, Spain
Cruz-Diez. Colour in the Making, The Mayor Gallery, London, United Kingdom
Carlos Cruz-Diez. La Experiencia Sensorial del Color, Periférico Caracas/Arte Contemporáneo, Caracas, Venezuela
2008
Cruz-Diez. A Cor no Espaço, Gabinete de Arte Raquel Arnaud, São Paulo, Brazil
Carlos Cruz-Diez. La Couleur dans l'Espace, Centre d'Art Contemporain Frank Popper, Marcigny, France
Carlos Cruz-Diez. (In) Formed by Color, Americas Society’s Art Gallery, New York, United States
Cruz-Diez, Galería Cayón, Madrid, Spain
Carlos Cruz-Diez. Farbe im Wandel, Galerie Bernd A. Lausberg, Düsseldorf, Germany
2008
Das Kleine Format - Petit Format - Small Format, Kunsthaus Rehau, Institut für Konstruktive Kunst und Konkrete Poesie, Rehau, Germany.
Facets, Art Museum of the Americas, Washington DC, United States.
Color into Light, Museum of Fine Arts, Houston (MFAH), Houston, United States.
Face to Face: Part 2, The Daros Collection, Zürich, Switzerland.
Revolução Cinética, Museu Nacional de Arte Contemporânea, Museu do Chiado, Lisbon,Portugal.
Experiment Marathon, Reykjavik Art Museum, Reykjavik, Iceland.
Performing the City. Kunst Aktionismus im Stadt Raum 60er und 70er Jahre, Städtische Kunsthalle München, Munich, Germany.
Latin American and Caribbean Art. Selected Highlights from the Collection of The Museum of Modern Art, New York State Museum, Albany, United States
Explorando el Sur. El Universalismo Constructivo y otras Tendencias en América Latina,Fundación Carlos de Amberes, Madrid, Spain.
2008
(In)formed by Color: Carlos Cruz-Diez, Americas Society, New York (solo)
2007
After Image: Op Art of the 1960’s, Jacobson Howard Gallery, New York, New York
2007
An Architect Collects, University of Illinois at Urbana-Campaign
2007
Arco 07, Stand Galeria Dan, Madrid, Spain
2007
Artistes Estrangers a Paris 1900-2005, National Art Center, Tokyo, Japan
2007
Dialogue Cinetique, Espace Meyer Zafra, Paris, France
2007
Die Neuen Tendenzen, Museum Leopold-Hoesch, Hoeschplatz, Duezn, Germany
2007
L’Abstraction Geometrique, Chateau de Tours, France
2007
La Utopia Cinetica, Salas Caja, San Francisco, California
2007
Los Cineticos, Museo Nacional Centro de Arte Reina Sofia, Madrid, Spain
2007
Op Art, Schirn Kunsthalle Frankfurt, Germany
2007
Optic Nerve: Perpetual Art of the 1960’s, Columbus Museum of Art, Ohio
2007
Paris du Monde Entier. Artistes Étrangers à Paris 1900-2005, The National Art Center,Tokyo, Japan
After Image. Op Art of the 1960s, Jacobson Howard Gallery, New York, United States
Nyehaus becomes Indica, Nyehaus Gallery, New York, United States
La Utopía Cinética 1955-1975, Salas Caja San Fernando, Seville, Spain
La Presencia. The Presence of Latin American Art in California Collections, Museum of Latin American Art (MoLAA), Long Beach, United States
Constructing a Poetic Universe. The Diane and Bruce Halle Collection of Latin American Art, Museum of Fine Arts, Houston (MFAH), Houston, United States
Construyendo el Vacío. Arte Moderno de la Colección del Museum of Fine Arts de Houston,Museo de Arte Moderno, Mexico City, Mexico
The Geometry of Hope. Latin American Abstract Art from the Patricia Phelps de Cisneros Collection, Grey Art Gallery, New York University, New York, United States.
O(s) Cinético(s), Instituto Tomie Ohtake, São Paulo, Brazil.
Optic Nerve: Perceptual Art of the 1960s, Columbus Museum of Art, Columbus, United States
Op Art, Schirn Kunsthalle Frankfurt, Frankfurt, Germany.
The Geometry of Hope. Latin American Abstract Art from the Patricia Phelps de Cisneros Collection, Blanton Museum of Art, Austin, United States.
Estéticas, Sonhos e Utopias dos Artistas do Mundo pela Liberdade. Tributo a Mário Pedrosa, Museu da Solidarieda de Salvador Allende, São Paulo, Brazil.
An Architect Collects. Robert D. Kleinschmidt and a Lifetime of Fine Arts Acquisitions,Krannert Art Museum and Kinkead Paviion, College of Fine and Applied Arts at University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, Champaign, United States.
Movement in a Square. The Square in Painting, Kinetic Art and Animation, Museum Ritter,Sammlung Marli Hoppe-Ritter, Waldenbuch, Germany.
Die Neuen Tendenzen. Eine europäische Künstlerbewegung 1961-1973, Leopold-Hoesch-Museum, Düren, Germany.
Lo[s] Cinético[s], Museo Nacional Centro de Arte Reina Sofía, Madrid, Spain.
2007
Carte Blanche à Cruz-Diez, Galerie Denise René, Rive Gauche, Paris, France
Carte Blanche à Cruz-Diez, Galerie Denise René, Rive Gauche, Paris, France
Cruz-Diez. A Cor no Espaço, Gabinete de Arte Raquel Arnaud, São Paulo, Brazil
Cruz-Diez. A Cor no Espaço, Gabinete de Arte Raquel Arnaud, São Paulo, Brazil(Solo)
2006
Cruz-Diez: La couleur dans l'espace, Denise René Gallery Paris, France
Die farbe im raum, Carlos Cruz Diez, Konkret Martin Worn Gallery, Sulzburg, Germany
2006
Volume Reel, couleur virtuelle, Maison des Arts, Chitillon, France
Certain Encounters: Daros-Latinamerica Collection, Vancouver, Canada
2006
Une Historie de Cinetisme, Espace Meyer Zafra, Paris, France
2006
Fla.g. Ships, Schwimmende Visionen, Museum de Sant Ratingen, Germany
2006
Horizontales Verticales Sueles, Art Concret, Musee de Pontoise, Pontoise, France
2006
La Utopia Cinetica 1955-1975, Centro Cultural Sa Nostra, Palma de Mallorca, Spain
2006
Les Artistes s’Affranchissent, Parc Floral de Vincens, Salon de Timbre, France
2006
Op Art, Joyce Palais Royal, Paris, France
2006
Quadrature de Cercle, Galerie Denise Rene, Paris, France
2006
Riflemaker becomes Indica, Riflemaker Gallery, London, UK
2006
Stetes Konkret, Galerie Lelau Sberg, Dusseldorf, Germany
2006
The Sites of Latin American Abstraction, CIFO, Miami, Florida
2006
Une Conquete de l’Art d’Amerique Latine, Oeuvres de la Fundacion Daniela Chapard,
2006
Cruz-Diez, Gego, Maggi, Soto & Tomasello, Sicardi Gallery, Houston, Texas
2006
Certain Encounters: Daros-Latinamerica Collection, Vancouver, Canada
2006
60 Realites Nouvelles, Parc Floral de Paris, France
2006
Art Basel, Stand Denise Rene, CH
2006
Arte Cinetica, Spazio Boccioni, Milan, Italy
2006
Chromatiques, Galerie Konkret, Sulzburg, Germany
2006
Cruce de Miradas Coleccion Cisneros, Museo de Bellas Artes, Mexico City, Mexico
2006
Die Neuen Tendenzen, Museum Fur Konkrete Kunst, Ingolstadt, Germany
2006
Diversas Constancias, Gabinete de Arte Raquel Arnaud, Sao Paolo, Brazil
2006
European Neo-Constructivism of 1930-2000, Museum of Modern Art, Moscow,
2005
22 of the future for the future of Vukovar, Muzeum Sztukiw Lodzi. Vukovar, Poland. (solo)
2005
Universe Sprit du Geometrie, MADI Museum & Gallery, Dallas, Texas (solo)
2005
Brought to Light : Recent Acquisitions in Latin American Art, The Museum of Fine Arts, Houston, TX
2005
Carlos Cruz-Diez, Gego, Jesus-Rafael Soto, Works from the 1950's - 1970's, Sicardi Gallery, Art Basel Miami Beach, Miami, FL
Universe Sprit du Geometrie, MADI Museum and Gallery, Dallas, TX
2005
Carlos Cruz-Diez: Interactive Random Chromatic Experience, Sicardi Gallery, Houston, TX
2004
Inverted Utopias, The Museum of Fine Arts, Houston, TX
Beyond Geometry: Experiments in form 1940's-1970's, Los Angeles County Museum of Art, Los Angeles, CA
2004
Parallel Stories, Sicardi Gallery, Houston, Texas.
2004
Beyond Geometry, The Los Angeles County Museum of Art, Los Angeles, California and the Miami Art Museum, Miami, Florida
2004
Cruz-Diez. Arte en Guri, Museo de la Estampa y del Diseno Carlos Cruz-Diez, Caracas, Venezuela (solo)
2003
Cruz-Diez. Afiches. Exposicion Homenaje a los 80 anos de Carlos Cruz-Diez, Museo de l Estamp y del Diseno Carlos Cruz-Diez, Caracas, Venezuela (solo)
2002
Cromosaturacion, XXV Biennial, Sao Paulo, Brazil
2000
Galerie Schoeller, Dusseldorf, Germany
Chateau Monfort, Puy-de-Dome, France
Espace Fanal, Bale, Switzerland
2000
Heretopias, Museo Reina Sofia, Madrid, Spain
1999
Retrospectiva 1954-1998, Museo de Arte Moderno del Zulia, Maracaibo, Venezuela 1998 Cruz—Diez. El Color Autónomo, Museo de Arte Moderno de Bogota, Colombia
1999
Carlos Cruz-Diez, Museo de Arte Moderno Jesus Soto, Sala Multiple, Ciudad Bolivar,Venezuela (solo)
1999
Carlos Cruz-Diez. Un Pionero del Disenoen Venezuela. De la Empresa Familiar a la Invencion de la Fisicromia. 1923-1959, Museo de la Estampa y del Diseno (solo)
1999
Carlos Cruz-Diez, Consejo Nacional de la Cultura (CONAC), Caracas, Venezuela (solo)
1999
Carlos Cruz-Diez “...und gebe dem Raum die Farbe”, Stadtishcen Museum, Gelsenkirchen- Buer, Germany (solo)
1998
Museo de Arte Moderno de Bogota, Colombia
Retrospective, Museo de Arte Moderno Jesus Soto, Ciudad Bolivar, Venezuela
Stadtisches Museum Gelsenkirchen, Germany
1995
Centre Culturel Francais, Oslo, Norway
1995
La Transparence dans l’Art du XX Siecle, Musee des Beaux Arts Andre Malraux, La Havre, France
1995
Reflexion sobre el Color, Museo Jacobo Borges, Caracas, Venezuela (solo)
1994
Cromosaturacion. Carlos Cruz-Diez. Metamorfosis de lo Efimero. Paneles Pictorios y Republic.Laberinto Sensorial, Museo de Arte Moderno, Plaza de la Cultura Juan Pablo Duarte, Santo Domino, Dominican
1994
Retrospective 1954-1994, Galerie Denise René, Rive Gauche & Espace Marais, Paris, France
Museo de Arte Moderno, Santo Domingo, Dominican Republic
1993
Latin American Art of the Twentieth Century, Cologne Kunsthalle, Cologne, Germany
1993
Museum of Modern Art, New York
1993
Mouvement, Museo de Arte Moderno, Sydney, Australia
1993
Manifeste, Une historie parallele 1960- 1990, Centre Georges Pompidou, Paris France
1993
Apuntes sobre el Color, Museo de Bellas Artes, Caracas, Venezuela. (solo)
1992
Carlos Cruz-Diez. La Vision del Color, Museo de Arte de Maracay, Maracay, Venezuela. (solo)
1992
Latin American Art of the Twentieth Century, Museum of Modern Art, New York, New York; Expo Seville 92, Spain; Centre Georges Pompidou, Paris, France
1992
L’Art en Mouvement, Foundation Maeght, Saint Paul, France
1992
Visiones de Americas Instituto de America, Sta. Fe Granada, Spain
1992
La Vision del Colorï, Museo de Arte de Maracay, Venezuela
1991
Museum Moderner Kunst Cuxhaven, Otterndorf, Germany
Carlos Cruz-Die en la Arquitectura Centro Cultural Consolidado, Caracas
1991
Carlos Cruz-Diez. Paris. Couleurs Additives. Sowie Ankaufe us den Jahren 1987-1990, Museum Moderner Kunst Landkreis Cuxhaven, Otterndorf, Germany (solo)
1991
Cruz-Diez. Color-Arcontecimiento, Museo de Arte Costarricense y Galeria Nacional de Arte Contemporaneo, San Jose, Costa Rica
1991
Cruz-Diez. Inducciones Cromaticas, Centro de Arte Contemporaneo, Espacio Simonetti, Valencia, Venezuela (solo)
1990
Abbaye des Cordeliers, Chateauroux, France
1989
Stiftung fïur Konstrukrive und Konkrete Kunst, Zurich, Switzerland
1989
Realites de la Peinture, Pouchkine Museum, Moscow & Leningrad, Soviet Union (solo)
1989
Latin American Art, Hayward Gallery, London, England; National Museum + Moderna Museet, Stockholm, Sweden; Palacio Velazquez, Madrid, Spain
1988
1910–1980, Solomon R. Guggenheim Collection, Museum of Modern Art, New York
1988
Carlos Cruz-Diez. Die Autonomie der Farbe. Bilders – Plastiken – Objekte aus den Jahren 1959-1988, Josef Albers Museum Quadrat Bottrop, Moderne Galerie, Bottrop, Germany
1988
Josef Albers Museum, Bottrop, Germany
1986
Biennale di Venezia, Special Guest, Venice, Italy
1986
Museum of Modern Art, New York
1986
Contrastes de Forma Abstraccion Geometrica, 1910 -1980, Solomon R.Guggenheim Collection
1985
Forty Years of Modern Art 1945-1985, Tate Gallery, London, England
1985
Cruz-Diez, Museo de Arte Moderno, Medellin, Colombia (solo)
1985
Cruz-Diez, Museo de Arte Moderno, Medellin, Colombia (solo)
1985
Museo de Arte Moderno, Bogota, Colombia
1982
Museo Carrillo Gil, Mexico
1981
Museo de Arte Contemporaneo Sofia Imber, Caracas, Venezuela
1976
Museo de Arte Moderno, Mexico
Denise René Gallery, New York, NY
Musée de la Chaux des Fonds, Switzerland
1972
12 ans d’Art Contemporain en France, Grand Palais, Paris, France
1968
Cinetisme, Maison de la Culture de Grenoble, France France, Optique, Kunstnernes hus Oslo, Norway
1968
El Arte Cinetico y sus Origenes, Caracas, Venezuela
1967
Lumiere et Mouvement, Musee d’Art Moderne de la Ville de Paris, France
1967
IX Biennale de Sao Paulo, Brazil
1965
The Responsive Eye, Museum of Modern Art, New York, New York Lumiere et Mouvement, Kunsthalle, Bern, Switzerland
1965
Lumiere, Mouvement et Optique, Palais des Beaux Arts, Brussels, Belgium
1964
Nouvelle Tendance, Musee des Arts Decoratifs, Paris, France
1964
First Pilot Show of Kinetic Art, Signals, London, England
1964
Il Bienal Americana de Arte Cordoba, Argentina
1964
L’Aujourd’hui de Demain, Palais St. Vaast, Arras, France
1963
Nove Tendencije 2, Zagreb, Croatia
1963
Esquisse d’ un Salon, Galerie Denise Rene, Paris, France
1963
Panorama de la Nouvelle Tendance, Amesterdam, The Netherlands
1962
XXXI Biennale de Venezia, Italy Anti-Peinture, Hessenhuis, Anvers, Belgium
1961
Le Mouvement, Stedelijk Museum, Amsterdam, The Netherlands
1961
Pittsburg International Exhibition, Carnegie Institute, Pittsburgh, PA
1961
Galerie Denise Rene, Paris, France
1961
Galerie Iris Clerc, Paris, France
1960
1661-1961 Pintura Venezolana, Museo de Bellas Artes, Caracas, Venezuela
1958
Exposition International de Bruxelles, Venezuela Pavillion, Belgium
1953
Biennal de Sao Paulo, Brazil

Public Collections

Palm Springs Desert Museum, Palm Springs, California
Muzeum Okregowe, Chelm, Poland
Fitzwilliam Museum, Cambrige University, Cambridge, England
Collection of Latin American Art, University of Essex, England
Stadtische Kunsthalle. Manneheim, Germany
Wurth Museum, Schawabish Hall, Germany
Bibliotheque Nationale, Zagreb
Museu de Arte Moderna, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil
Museo Civico, Turin, Italy
Casa de las Americas, Havana, Cuba
Museo de la Solidaridad, Salvador Allende, Santiago de Chile Museum
Rhode Island, School of Design, Providence, Rhode Island
Museo de Arte Moderno de Medellin, Colombia
Museo de Arte Costarricense, San Jose, Costa Rica
Kunstverein Gelsenkirchen, Germany
Museum Moderner Kunst, Cuxhaven Otterndorf, Germany
Musee d’Art Contemporain, Montreal, Canada
Museum des 20, Jahrhunderst, Vienna, Austria
Kunstmuseum, Bern, Switzerland
Museo de Arte Moderno “Jesus Soto”, Ciudad Bolivar, Venezuela
Museo de Arte Moderno, “La Tertulia”, Cali, Colombia
Museum of Modern Art of Latin America, Washington, D.C.
Musee de la Chaux-des-Fonds, Switzerland
Cabinet des Estampes, Bibliotheque Nationale, Paris, France
Cabinet des Estampes, Geneva, Switzerland
Museo de Bellas Artes, Caracas, Venezuela
Museum of Modern Art, Sydney, Australia
Galeria de Arte Nacional, Caracas, Venezuela
Quadrat Josef Albers Museum, Bottrop, Germany
Museo de Arte Contemporaneo, Bogota, Colombia
Sonja Henie-Musee d’Art Moderne, Hovikodden, Oslo, Norway
Museum fur Konkrete Kunst, Ingolstadt, Germany
Archer M. Huntington Art Gallery University of Texas, Austin, Texas
Stadtische Kunsthalle, Manneheim, Germany
Neue Pinakothek, Munich, Germany
Museum of Modern Art, New York, New York
Tate Gallery, Millbank, London, England
Centre National d’Art Contemporain Centre Georges Pompidou, Paris, France
Wallraf-Richartz Museum, Dr. Peter Ludwig Collection, Cologne, France
Victoria and Albert Museum, London, England
Musee d’Art Moderne de la Ville de Paris, France
The Museum of Fine Arts, Houston, Texas
Musee de Grenoble, France
Museo de Arte Contemporaneo Sofia Imber, Caracas, Venezuela
Museum of Modern Art, Taiwan