(German, b.1944) is a photographer known for her large-format images of architectural interiors
, which address the psychological environment of social and cultural institutions by acknowledging how public spaces are designed to accommodate and inform the public. After completing studies at the Cologne Werkschule, she enrolled in the Düsseldorf School of Art, where she was taught by Bernd and Hilla Becher
(German, 1931–2007; b.1934), heavily influenced by the formal qualities of the austere documentary photography they endorsed.
Along with fellow German artists Thomas Struth
(b.1954), Andreas Gursky
(b.1955), and Thomas Ruff
(b.1958), Höfer's work became internationally recognized in the 1980s, and her subject matter expanded to include a myriad of places rooted in cultural formation and preservation, including museums
, universities, theaters
, civic centers, and historic sites
. She has held numerous solo exhibitions throughout Europe and the United States, and her work has been included in several group shows at the Museum of Modern Art in New York, Documenta XI in Kassel, and the Museum Ludwig in Cologne. In 2003, Höfer represented Germany in the Venice Biennale with fellow compatriot, Martin Kippenberger
(German, 1953–1997). She lives and works in Cologne, Germany.