Ben Nicholson  (British, 1894-1982) 

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Ben Nicholson Biography
1894   Born in Denham, Buckinghamshire (son of artist Sir William Nicholson)
1903 - 1910   Educated at Heddon Court and at Gresham Court
1910 - 1911   Studied at the Slade School of Fine Art
1912 - 1914   Travelled in France, Italy and Spain
1917 - 1918   Lived in Pasadena, California
1933   Co-founded Unit One, with Henry Moore, Barbara Hepworth, Edward Burra, Paul Nash and Edward Wadsworth, among others
1924 - 1935   Member of the 7 & 5 Society
1937   Together with Naum Gabo and Leslie Martin, edited Circle: International Survey of Constructivist Art
1943 - 1949   Joins St Ives Society of Artists and exhibits with them
1949   Founding member of Penwith Society of Arts in Cornwall
1951   Nicholson was commissioned to paint a mural for the Festival of Britain
1952   Commissioned to paint a mural for the Time-Life Building in London
1952   Awarded first prize for painting at the 39th International Exhibition (Carnegie International)
1954   Ulisse Award
1956   Won the first Guggenheim International Painting prize
1957   Won the prize for painting at the Sao Paolo Bienal
1964   Made a concrete wall relief for the Documenta III exhibition in Kassel, Germany
1968   Awarded the Order of Merit by Queen Elizabeth
1958 - 1971   Lived and worked in Switzerland
1971   Returned to England
1974   Rembrandt Prize
1982   Died in London, England
Selected Exhibitions
1993   Tate Modern, London (retrospective)
1978   Albright-Knox Art Gallery, Buffalo (retrospective)
1969   Tate Modern, London (retrospective)
1964   Museum of Fine Arts, Dallas (retrospective)
1961   Kunsthalle, Berne (retrospective)
1955   Tate Gallery, London (retrospective)
1954   Venice Biennale and Tate Modern, London (retrospective)
1952   Detroit Institute of Arts and the Walker Arts Centre, Minneapolis (retrospective)
1944   Leeds Art Gallery (retrospective)
1936   Cubism and Abstract Art, Museum of Modern Art, New York
1935   ‘Artists against Fascism’, London
1935   ‘Exposition internationale d’art moderne,’ Brussels
1932   Lefevre Gallery, London
1932   Arthur Tooth and Sons, London
1931   Bloomsbury gallery, London
1928   Lefevre Gallery, London
1927   Beaux Arts Gallery, London
1924   Twenty-one Gallery, London (solo)
1923   Joint exhibition with Winifred Nicholson at Patterson’s gallery, London
1922   Adelphi Gallery, London (solo)

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