August Sander (German, 1876–1964) was a German photographer whose career reached across both World Wars and the time in between. He was born in 1876, and has come to be known as an extremely influential portrait and documentary photographer. He opened his own studio in Cologne in 1909 and from there, his career as a portrait photographer took off. He began his most famous project entitled Citizens of the Twentieth Century for the purpose of creating a comprehensive portfolio of the German people during the Weimar Republic in the years between World War I and World War II. Sander was a firm believer in physiognomy as a way to decipher a person's personality and station in society. He divided the series into seven sections: The Farmer, the Skilled Tradesman, Women, Classes and Professions, Artists, the City, and the Last People (the handicapped, homeless, derelict). In 1929, a selection of 60 images from this series was published in Face of Our Time. As the Nazi regime took power, Sander came under fire, and a great amount of his photographic plates were destroyed. In 1942, Sander moved to a rural area, thereby protecting the remainder of his negatives. Sander’s career is prolific, and his archive contains over 40,000 images. He passed away in April of 1964.

Timeline

1876
Born in Herdorf, Germany
1904
By this time had opened his own studio in Linz, Austria
1909
Moved to a suburb in Cologne and began to photograph the nearby rural farmers
1934
Work turns increasingly to nature and architectural studies
1964
Died in Cologne, Germany

Exhibitions

2013
August Sander - Moscow House of Photography, Moscow (solo)
herrie Levine / August Sander - Paula Cooper Gallery, New York City, NY
2012
Citizens of the Twentieth Century - Edwynn Houk Gallery, New York, NY (solo)
Menschen des 20. und 21. Jahrhunderts. August Sander und seine Nachfolge - Städtische Galerie Bietigheim-Bissingen, Bietigheim-Bissingen
Absence of Subject - Galleri Image, Aarhus
Gaze - The Changing Face of Portrait Photography - Istanbul Modern, Istanbul
The Dwelling Life of Man - Kunsthal KAdE, Amersfoort
30th São Paulo Biennial - Bienal de Sao Paulo, São Paulo
Summer Selections - Edwynn Houk Gallery, New York City, NY
Atelier + Küche - MARTa Herford, Herford
German Portraits - Pace / Macgill Gallery, New York City, NY
Sherrie Levine - August Sander - Galerie Priska Pasquer, Cologne
Sherrie Levine - August Sander - Jablonka Galerie - Köln, Cologne
Der Mensch und seine Objekte - Museum Folkwang Essen, Essen
Reconsidering the Photographic Masterpiece - UNM Art Museum - University of New Mexico, Albuquerque, NM
100 Years of Photography - University of Virginia Art Museums - The Fralin Museum of Art, Charlottesville, VA
2011
August Sander Face of Our Time - Nevada Museum of Art NMA, Reno, NV (solo)
August Sander. Sardinien 1927 - SK Stiftung Kultur, Cologne (solo)
August Sander - Scottish National Gallery of Modern Art, Edinburgh (Scotland) (solo)
August Sander - People of the 20th Century - Dean Gallery, Edinburgh (Scotland) (solo)
Typecast - The Minneapolis Institute of Arts, Minneapolis, MN
Street Life - Chronicles of Europe by Seven Photographers - Tokyo Metropolitan Museum of Photography, Tokyo
Apocalypses, la disparition des villes - De Dresde à Detroit (1944-2010) - Le Pavillon Populaire, Montpellier
Diane Arbus & August Sander - Edwynn Houk Gallery - Zürich, Zurich
konkret / abstrakt. Fotografische Erwerbungen gefördet von der Alfried Krupp von Bohlen und Halbach-Stiftung - Museum Folkwang Essen, Essen
Westlich Foto - & Kamrea Auktion - WestLicht. Schauplatz für Fotografie, Vienna
Fifteen Years - Weinstein Gallery, Minneapolis, MN
Atlas. How to carry the world on one's back? - Deichtorhallen Hamburg, Hamburg
Atlas. How To Carry The World On One's Back? - Sammlung Falckenberg, Hamburg
Industriezeit - Fotografien 1854 - 2010 - Städtische Galerie Neunkirchen, Neunkirchen
Nothing in the World But Youth - Turner Contemporary, Margate, Kent
The mad square - modernity in German art 1910–37 - Art Gallery of New South Wales, Sydney, NSW
Rollenbilder - Rollenspiele - Museum der Moderne - MdM Mönchsberg, Salzburg
Streetlife und Homestories - Fotografien aus der Sammlung Goetz - Museum Villa Stuck, Munich
Study of Hands - National Gallery of Canada - Musée des beaux-arts du Canada, Ottawa, ON
Portraits in Serie. Fotografien eines Jahrhunderts - MKG - Museum für Kunst und Gewerbe Hamburg, Hamburg
Caos y clasicismo: arte en Francia, Italia, Alemania y España, 1918-1936 - Museo Guggenheim de Arte Moderno y Contemporáneo, Bilbao
Abstrakter Raum - Formationen der Klassischen Moderne - Museum Moderner Kunst Stiftung Ludwig - MUMOK , Vienna
Winter 2011 - Weinstein Gallery, Minneapolis, MN
Viewing Rm. - Hemphill Fine Arts, Washington, DC
2010
August Sander: Ikonen aus dem Porträtwerk Menschen des 20. Jahrhunderts - Centre national de l'audiovisuel, Dudelange (solo)
August Sander - Ikonen des Porträtwerks - Städtische Galerie Delmenhorst, Delmenhorst (solo)
August Sander, The Twentieth-Century Ma - FMoPA - Florida Museum of Photographic Arts, Tampa, FL (solo)
Staff Picks 2010 - Howard Greenberg Gallery, New York City, NY
Kid Kulture - Westport Arts Center, Westport, CT
ATLAS ¿Cómo llevar el mundo a cuestas? - Museo Nacional Centro de Arte Reina Sofía, Madrid
Human Images of 20th Century: All Photographs are Portraits - Tokyo Metropolitan Museum of Photography, Tokyo
Chaos and Classicism: Art in France, Italy, and Germany, 1918–1936 - Solomon R. Guggenheim Museum, New York City, NY
The Adventure of Reality International Realism - Kunsthal Rotterdam, Rotterdam
Portraits/100 Years: August Sander, Robert Mapplethorpe And Alec Soth - Weinstein Gallery, Minneapolis, MN
Fernweh... - Galerie Clairefontaine, Luxembourg
Realismus - Das Abenteuer der Wirklichkeit - Kunsthalle der Hypo-Kulturstiftung, Munich
Summer 2010 - Weinstein Gallery, Minneapolis, M
Foto- & Kamera - Auktion - WestLicht. Schauplatz für Fotografie, Vienna
Photographic Typologies - Tate Modern, London (England)
Fotografie und Individuum - Portraitkonzepte - Museum Folkwang Essen, Essen
Realismus - das Abenteuer der Wirklichkeit. Courbet - Hopper - Gursky - Kunsthalle in Emden, Emden
2009
August Sander - Köln wie es war - Kölnisches Stadtmuseum, Cologne (solo)
August Sander. Sardegna. Fotografie Di Un Viaggio In Italia 1927 - Galleria Comunale d’Arte di Cagliari, Cagliari (solo)
August Sander - Fondation Henri Cartier-Bresson, Paris (solo)
August Sander - Yancey Richardson Gallery, New York City, NY (solo)
In Focus: The Worker - The Getty Center, Los Angeles, CA
Ich Bin Kunst - Kohlenhof Kunstverein Nürnberg e.V., Nuremberg
Fall Review - - Deborah Bell/Photographs, New York City, NY (closed, 2011)
Aus der Sammlung: Einführung in die Kunstgeschichte 6 - Landesgalerie am Oberösterreichischen Landesmuseum, Linz
Women - Galerie Priska Pasquer, Cologne
Digital to Daguerreotype: Photographs of People - Carnegie Museum of Art, Pittsburg, PA
I love Art 10 - The Fallen Angels - Watari-Um - Watari Museum of Contemporary Art, Tokyo
Pflanzenstudien von Karl Blossfeldt und verwandte Positionen - SK Stiftung Kultur, Cologne
Portraits - AMA Art Museum of the Americas, Washington, DC
Fotografie trifft Malerei – Die Sammlung Wilde im Sprengel Museum Hannover - Sprengel Museum Hannover, Hannover
LINZ BLICK. Stadtbilder in der Kunst 1909 - 2009 - Lentos Kunstmuseum Linz, Linz
2008
August Sander: People of the Twentieth Century, The Getty Center, Los Angeles, CA (solo)
August Sander. Menschen des 20. Jahrhunderts in Tel Hai, Israel - SK Stiftung Kultur, Cologne (solo)
August Sander – Portrait und Architektur - Galerie Priska Pasquer, Cologne (solo)
August Sander - Portraits und Rheinische Landschaften - Galerie Fahnemann, Berlin (solo)
ésope reste ici et se repose #01 - Vasistas Galerie, Montpellier
Beyond the Familiar: Photography and the Construction of Community - Williams College Museum of Art, Williamstown, MA
Images Du Corps, Vertiges Et Vestiges - Musée Régional D'Art Contemporain Languedoc-Roussillon, Sérignan
Facebook: Images of People in Photographs from the Collection - The Frances Lehman Loeb Art Center, Poughkeepsie, NY
Stille Landschaften - Städtische Galerie Lüdenscheid, Lüdenscheid
L'homme nouveau - National Gallery of Canada - Musée des beaux-arts du Canada, Ottawa, ON
Street & Studio: an urban history of photography - Tate Modern, London (England)
Fragile Democracy - new international photography - Northern Gallery for Contemporary Art, Sunderland (England)
Baby. De ideale mens verbeeld 1840- heden - Nederlands Fotomuseum, Rotterda
De lo humano. Fotografía internacional - Museo Picasso Málaga, Málaga
Foto: Modernity In Central Europe, 1918–1945 - Milwaukee Art Museum, Milwaukee, WI
Arbus, Avedon, Sander - Pace / Macgill Gallery, New York City, NY
Neue Fotografie Deutsche Fotografie der 1920er und 1930er Jahre Marugame Kenichiro-Inokuma Museum of Contemporary Art, Marugame Japan
2007
The Photographs of August Sander - Art Gallery of New South Wales, Sydney, NSW (solo)
Résonances I. Photographier après la guerre. - Jeu de Paume, Paris
The Search to See II: Photographs from the Collection of Frederick B. Scheel - The Minneapolis Institute of Arts, Minneapolis, MN
Man Ray bis Sigmar Polke. Eine besondere Fotogeschichte. Sammlung Barbara und Horst Hahn - Städtische Galerie Bietigheim-Bissingen, Bietigheim-Bissingen
Role Play - NGV National Gallery of Victoria, Melbourne, VIC
Mais do que os olhos captam - Arte Fotografica da Coleção DEUTSCHE BANK - mam - Museu de Arte Moderna de São Paulo, São Paulo
Contemporary Outlook: German Photography - MFA - Museum of Fine Arts, Boston, Boston, MA
June Bride - Yossi Milo Gallery, New York City, NY
Rückblende. Die Fotosamlung der Neuen Galerie Graz - Neue Galerie Graz - Universalmuseum Joanneum, Graz
Portraits - Norton Museum of Art, West Palm Beach, FL
What does the jellyfish want? - Museum Ludwig, Cologne
Laboratorium Moderne. Bildende Kunst, Fotografie und Film im Aufbruch - Museum Moderner Kunst Stiftung Ludwig - MUMOK , Vienna
Más de lo que los ojos pueden ver - Arte fotográfico de la colección Deutsche Bank - Museo de Arte de Lima - MALI, Lima
Fotokunst aus 60 Jahren. Kunst aus NRW unterwegs - Galerie Münsterland, Emsdetten
2006
August Sander - Mensen van de 20ste eeuw / People of the 20th Century - Foam Fotografiemuseum, Amsterdam (solo)
On photography. A tribute to Susan Sontag - The Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York City, NY
Tatsachen sind so wunderbar an die Stelle von Vermutungen getreten. - Museum Ludwig, Cologne
I Love Art 8 - Watari-Um - Watari Museum of Contemporary Art, Tokyo
El retrato en la colección de fotografía del IVAM - Centro Cultural Eduardo León Jimenes, Santiago de los Caballeros
School of Hard Knocks - Monte Clark Gallery - Vancouver, Vancouver, BC
2005
August Sander und die Linzer Jahre - Landesgalerie am Oberösterreichischen Landesmuseum, Linz (solo)
August Sander - Galerie 4, Cheb (solo)
August Sander - Face of Our Time - National Museum of Modern Art Tokyo (MOMAT), Tokyo (solo)
August Sander - Face of Our Time - NMWA The National Museum of Western Art, Tokyo (solo)
Bernhard Fuchs - Landesgalerie am Oberösterreichischen Landesmuseum, Linz
Rostros y Máscaras - Fotografías de la Colección Ordóñez-Falcón - Fundación Juan March, Madrid
Rostros y Máscaras - Museu d´Art Espanyol Contemporani (Fundación Juan March), Palma de Mallorca
Hablando con las manos - Fotografías de la Colección Buhl - Museo Guggenheim de Arte Moderno y Contemporáneo, Bilbao
Invito al Collezionismo - Galleria Carla Sozzani, Milan
YES YES YES YES - Museum Morsbroich, Leverkusen
Charles Fréger & August Sander - Kicken Berlin, Berlin
Several Artists Consider Books - Kopeikin Gallery, Los Angeles, CA
when we were young - Foley Gallery, New York City, NY
The Theatre of Art - Masterpieces from the Collection of the Ludwig Museum, Colo - Villa Manin. Centro d'arte contemporanea, Codroipo (UD)
(my private) Heroes - MARTa Herford, Herford
Der fotografierte Mensch - Neues Museum - Staatliches Museum für Kunst und Design in Nürnberg, Nuremberg
La Photographie á l'Épreuve - IAC - Institut d'art contemporain Villeurbanne/Rhône-Alpes, Villeurbanne
Daguerreotype to Digital: Photographs from the Collection - Spencer Museum of Art, Lawrence, KS
2004
August Sander: People of the Twentieth Century, A Photographic Portrait of Germany, Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York, NY (solo)
August Sander - Yancey Richardson Gallery, New York City, NY (Solo)
NEUE SACHLICHKEIT: “New Objectivity” in Weimar Germany - Ubu Gallery, New York City, NY
Im Rausch der Dinge - Fotomuseum Winterthur, Winterthur
Im Rausch der Dinge – Vom funktionalen Objekt zum Fetisch in Fotografien des 20. - Fotostiftung Schweiz (Schweizerische Stiftung für die Photographie), Winterthur
Mediterranean: Between Reality and Utopia - The Photographers' Gallery, London (England)
Das Wunder Mensch / Parameter of Life - MMK Museum Moderner Kunst - Stiftung Wörlen, Passau
Menschenbilder - Galerie Thomas Zander, Cologne
Von Körpern und anderen Dingen... - Deutsche Fotografie im 20. Jahrhundert - Kunstmuseum Bochum, Bochum
On bodies and other things. German photography in 20th century - Moscow House of Photography, Moscow
best of - Blick in die Sammlung DIE PHOTOGRAPHISCHE SAMMLUNG - SK Stiftung Kultur, Cologne
Multiple Räume (1) :Seele - Konstruktionen des Innerlichen in der Kunst - Staatliche Kunsthalle Baden-Baden, Baden-Baden
Kinder - Galerie Priska Pasquer, Cologne
Street Credibility - The Geffen Contemporary at MOCA, Los Angeles, CA
The Artist Observed - Portraits and Self-Portraits - Cantor Arts Center at Stanford University, Stanford, CA
2003
August Sander - Martin-Gropius-Bau, Berlin (solo)
Herb Ritts Private Collection - Fahey/Klein Gallery, Los Angeles, CA
Cruel and Tender. Zärtlich und Grausam. Fotografie und das Wirkliche - Museum Ludwig, Cologne
Partners - Haus der Kunst München, Munich
Colecção Wilde - Fotografia dos anos 30 até à actualidade - Centro Cultural de Belém - CCB, Lisbon
"Künstlerphotographien - Berühmte Photographen portraitieren berühmte Künstler" - Galerie Pudelko, Bonn
Alfred Seiland - August Sander - Kicken Berlin, Berlin
Sammlung Ann und Jürgen Wilde - Porträtfotografien der 1920er und 1930er Jahren - Sprengel Museum Hannover, Hannover
Architektur & Industrie - Galerie Priska Pasquer, Cologne
Master Photographers & Master Prints 1840-2000 - Akira Ikeda - Berlin, Berlin
In Your Face - Alan Koppel Gallery, Chicago, IL
Looking at Photographs - 125 photographs from the Museum of Modern Art, New York - The State Hermitage Museum, St. Petersburg
cruel and tender: the real in the twentieth-century phtograph - Tate Modern, London (England)
Focus - 160 Years of Photography - Bergen Kunstmuseum, Bergen
Les choix dCB - Fondation Henri Cartier-Bresson, Paris
Face to Face - Robert Klein Gallery, Boston, MA
Affinities... Now and Then - H&R Block Artspace at Kansas City Art Institute, Kansas City, MO
German Photography - Bauhaus to the Bechers - Laurence Miller Gallery, New York City, NY
2002–2003
August Sander: People of the Twentieth Century, San Francisco Museum of Modern Art, San Francisco, CA (solo)
2002
August Sander: People of the Twentieth Century - San Francisco Museum of Modern Art - SFMOMA, San Francisco, CA (solo)
August Sander - Reykjavik Museum of Photography, Reykjavik (solo)
August Sander - Menschen des 20. Jahrhunderts - Fotomuseum Winterthur, Winterthur (solo)
Portrait Show - Marianne Boesky Gallery, New York City, NY
Mask or Mirror? A Play of Portraits - Worcester Art Museum, Worcester, MA
Confronting Identities in German Art - Smart Museum of Art, Chicago, IL
Colección Nacional de Fotografia, Centro Portugués de Fotografia - Fundació Foto Colectania, Barcelona
An American in Europe: The Photography Collection of Baroness Jeane von Oppenheim - Mead Art Museum, Amherst, MA
About Face - Yancey Richardson Gallery, New York City, NY
Vues d'architectures, Photographies XIX et XX - Musee de Grenoble, Grenoble
2001
August Sander - Menschen des 20. Jahrhunderts - SK Stiftung Kultur, Cologne
aspekte - Von der Kunstfotografie der Jahrhundertwende zur Subjektiven Fotografie der fünfziger Jahre - Brühler Kunstverein e.V., Brühl
More than One - Andrea Rosen Gallery, New York City, NY
An American in Europe - The Photography Collection of Baroness Jeane von Oppenhe - Norton Museum of Art, West Palm Beach, FL
2000
August Sander - ZEITGENOSSEN - SK Stiftung Kultur, Cologne (solo)
August Sander - Cemeti Art House, Yogyakarta (solo)
World Without End - Art Gallery of New South Wales, Sydney, NSW
Portraits von Kindern und Jugendlichen - SK Stiftung Kultur, Cologne
Mechanismus und Ausdruck - Kunstmuseum Bonn, Bonn
Tenue légère - FRAC - Languedoc-Roussilon, Montpellier
Voilà - Le monde dans la tête - Musée d´Art Moderne de la Ville de Paris - MAM/ARC, Paris
How you look at it - Sprengel Museum Hannover, Hannover
Portfoglio - Photographs of a Century - Galerie Tanit, Munich
1999
August Sander - Citizens of the Twentieth Century - Robert Mann Gallery, New York City, NY (solo)
Blick in die Sammlung - Neuerwerbungen - August Sander - SK Stiftung Kultur, Cologne (solo)
Augenblick und Endlichkeit - Museum Ludwig, Cologne
Lichtseiten - Kunstverein Ludwigshafen, Ludwigshafen
Von Beuys bis Cindy Sherman - Sammlung Lothar Schirmer - Kunsthalle Bremen, Bremen
Sammlung Volker Kahmen - Kunstverein für die Rheinlande und Westfalen, Düsseldorf, Dusseldorf
1998
August Sander - Muzeum Historii Fotografii im. Walerego Rzewuskiego, Krakow (solo)
August Sander - 1900-talets människa - Konsthallen Trollhättan, Trollhättan (solo)
7de Zomer van de Fotografie - MuHKA Museum voor Hedendaagse Kunst Antwerpen, Antwerp
Comparative Concepts - ICP - International Center of Photography, New York City, NY
Signaturen des Sichtbaren - Kunsthalle Erfurt, Erfurt
Alice Neel and August Sander - Cheim & Read, New York City, NY
1997
August Sander & Akira Gomi - Tokyo Metropolitan Museum of Photography, Tokyo
Wüstungen Fotografien 1991-1993 Szenenwechsel XII - Museum für Moderne Kunst (MMK), Frankfurt/Main
1996
August Sander - de fotografie kent geen schaduwzijden - Stedelijk Museum Amsterdam, Amsterdam (solo)
August Sander - BOZAR - Palais des Beaux-Arts / Paleis voor Schone Kunsten, Brussels (solo)
Double vie, Double vue - Fondation Cartier pour l'art contemporain, Paris
1995
August Sander - eine Reise nach Sardinien - Sprengel Museum Hannover, Hannover (solo)
August Sander - Centre national de la photographie, Paris (solo)
August Sander - Kunstmuseum Bonn, Bonn (solo)
1994
August Sander - Watari-Um - Watari Museum of Contemporary Art, Tokyo (solo)
temporary translations - Sammlung Schürmann - Deichtorhallen Hamburg, Hamburg
1992
August Sander - Presentation House Gallery - PHG, North Vancouver, BC (solo)
Pantheon der Photographie im XX. Jahrhundert - Kunst- und Ausstellungshalle der Bundesrepublik Deutschland, Bonn
1990
Diane Arbus and Her Artistic Lineage: Brassaï, Lisette Model, August Sander, Weegee - Jan Kesner Gallery, Los Angeles, CA
1988
Picturing Greatness - MoMA - Museum of Modern Art, New York City, NY
The Art of Persuasion: A History of Advertising Photography - ICP - International Center of Photography, New York City, NY
The Dog Show - Jan Kesner Gallery, Los Angeles, CA
1985
Self Portrait: The Photographer's Persona 1840-1985 - MoMA - Museum of Modern Art, New York City, NY
1982
August Sander: Photographs of an Epoch - The Corcoran Gallery of Art, Washington, DC(solo)
August Sander: Photographs of an Epoch, 1904-1959 - National Gallery of Canada - Musée des beaux-arts du Canada, Ottawa, ON (solo)
1981
August Sander - Spectrum Sotos, Zaragoza (solo)
1980
August Sander - Philadelphia Museum of Art, Philadelphia, PA (solo)
1978
La photographie de 1900 à 1950 - Musée d´art contemporain de Montréal, Montreal, QC
1977
documenta 6 - Documenta, Kassel
1976
August Sander - Menschen des XX. Jahrhunderts - LWL - Westfälisches Landesmuseum für Kunst und Kulturgeschichte Münster, Münster (solo)
August Sander, Menschen des 20. Jahrhunderts - Kölnischer Kunstverein, Cologne (solo)
Porträts und Situationen - Württembergischer Kunstverein, Stuttgart
Porträts und Situationen - Museum Morsbroich, Leverkusen
1975
Photographs by August Sander - The Art Institute of Chicago, Chicago, IL (solo)
August Sander - kunstraum muenchen, Munich (solo)
Willi Sitte IF: August Sander - Kunstverein in Hamburg, Hamburg
Porträts und Situationen - Haus am Waldsee - Der Ort internationaler Gegenwartskunst in Berlin, Berlin
1974
August Sander - Galerie Erhard Klein, Bad Münstereifel (solo)
1971
Photographs of Women - MoMA - Museum of Modern Art, New York City, NY
1970
Photo-Eye of the 20's - MoMA - Museum of Modern Art, New York City, NY
1969
August Sander (1876-1964) - MoMA - Museum of Modern Art, New York City, NY (solo)
Portrait Photographs - MoMA - Museum of Modern Art, New York City, NY
1927
August Sander - Kölnischer Kunstverein, Cologne

Public Collections

SK Stiftung Kultur, Cologne, Germany
Musée d'Art Moderne et Contemporain (MAMCS), Strasbourg, France
FRAC - Languedoc-Roussilon, Montpellier, France
Det Nationale Fotomuseum, Copenhagen, Denmark
Queensland Art Gallery / Gallery of Modern Art, Brisbane, QLD, Australia
The Museum of Photographic Arts, San Diego, CA, USA
San Francisco Museum of Modern Art - SFMOMA, San Francisco, CA, USA
Seattle Art Museum, Seattle, WA, USA
The Corcoran Gallery of Art, Washington, DC, USA
Fotostiftung Schweiz (Schweizerische Stiftung für die Photographie), Winterthur, Switzerland
Museu d´Art Contemporani de Barcelona - MACBA, Barcelona, Spain
Yokohama Museum of Art, Nishi-ku, Yokohama, Japan
Städtische Galerie im Park, Viersen, Germany
Städtisches Museum Abteiberg, Mönchengladbach, Germany
Landesmuseum Koblenz, Koblenz, Germany
The Art Institute of Chicago, Chicago, IL, USA
Cincinnati Art Museum, Cincinnati, OH, USA
Spencer Museum of Art, Lawrence, KS, USA
The Getty Center, Los Angeles, CA, USA
Los Angeles County Museum of Art - LACMA, Los Angeles, CA, USA
The Minneapolis Institute of Arts, Minneapolis, MN, USA
The Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York City, NY, USA
MoMA - Museum of Modern Art, New York City, NY, USA
The Frances Lehman Loeb Art Center, Poughkeepsie, NY, USA
George Eastman House International Museum of Photography and Film, Rochester, NY, USA