Arthur Dove (American, 1946)

Arthur Dove (American, 1880–1946) is considered to be the first American Abstract painter. Born in Canandaigua, NY, Dove was a Modernist with an appreciation for nature. He attended both Hobart College and Cornell, and upon graduation from Cornell, moved to New York City in 1903. Here, he gained popularity in the art world as a commercial illustrator, working for Harper’s magazine and the Saturday Evening Post. In 1907, Dove moved to Paris to immerse himself in the world’s art capital. While in Europe, he met fellow American artist Alfred Henry Maurer (1868–1932), with whom he later formed a lasting friendship. During his time in Paris, Dove was introduced to the Fauvist movement, where Henri Matisse (French, 1869–1954) became an inspiration for his works. After his enlightening experience abroad, he returned to New York, where he was introduced via letter to American artist Alfred Stieglitz (1864–1946). Though vastly different, the two artists agreed that art forms should embody modern spiritual values, and reject the ideas of tradition and materialism. It was Stieglitz who gave Dove his first solo show at his own 291 gallery. He supported Dove in producing what are arguably the first purely Abstract paintings to come out of America. Another longtime supporter was Duncan Phillips (American, 1886–1966) of the Phillips Collection in Washington, D.C. Though the two met only once in 1937, Phillips attended most of Dove’s shows in New York. In exchange for his first choice of paintings, he paid Dove a commission of 50 dollars a month. In 1937, he purchased Goin’ Fishin’ (1925) for US$2,000, which at the time was the largest sum for any of Dove’s works. Around the late 1930s Dove suffered from both heart disease and Bright’s disease. In 1946, he had his final show at the 291 gallery, which featured nine paintings. Partially paralyzed, he continued to paint with the help of his wife until he passed away.

Timeline

1880
Born: Canandaigua, NY
1899–1901
Studied at Hobart College, New York, NY
1901–1903
Pre-law studies at Cornell University, New York, NY
1903
Commercial illustrator in New York, working for "Harper's," "Scribner's," "Collier's," "Life," and the "Saturday Evening Post".
1946
Died: Huntington, NY

Exhibitions

2010
"Sensory Crossovers - Synesthesia in American Art," The Albuquerque Museum
2009
Dove/O’Keeffe, Circles of Influence, Clark Art Institute, Williamstown, MA
Selected Works by Gallery Artists, Alexandre Gallery, New York, NY
The Third Mind: American Artists Contemplate Asia: 1860-1989 , Solomon R. Guggenheim Museum, New York, NY
2008
Small and Everlasting (1897 -2008) : Paintings, Drawings, Sculpture, ACA Galleries, New York, NY
Painting in the United States: 1943-1949, Westmoreland Museum of American Art, Greensburg, PA
The American Evolution - A History through Art, The Corcoran Gallery of Art, Washington, DC
Paradigms and the Unexpected: Modern and Contemporary Art from the Shey Collection, Samuel P. Harn Museum of Art, Gainesville, FL
2007
Leaders in American Modernism , Naples Museum of Art, Naples, FL
Selected Works by Gallery Artists, Alexandre Gallery, New York, NY
Babcock Galleries, New York, NY
American Modernism, The de Young Museum, San Francisco, CA
Modern and Contemporary Landscapes - Forum Gallery, Los Angeles, Los Angeles, CA
2006
American Moderns 1900-1950, The Minneapolis Institute of Arts, Minneapolis, MN
In the American Grain - Dove, Hartley, Marin, O'Keeffe, and Stieglitz, Currier Museum of Art, Manchester, NH
2005
Recent Acquisitions - Arkansas Arts Center Foundation Collection, Arkansas Arts Center, Little Rock, AR
Villa America - American Moderns - 1900–1950, Orange County Museum of Art, Newport Beach, CA
The Stieglitz Circle at The Phillips Collection, Norton Museum of Art, West Palm Beach, FL
Arthur Dove : Watercolors, Alexandre Gallery, New York, NY (solo)
2004
Sons & Lumières: Une histoire du son dans l'art du XXe siècle, Centre Pompidou - Musée National d´Art Moderne, Paris, France
2003
Debating American Modernism - Stieglitz, Duchamp, and the New York Avant-Garde, Des Moines Art Center, Des Moines, IA
Summer Landscapes II , Alexandre Gallery, New York, NY
2002
Routes toward Modernism - American Painting 1870 - 1950, Jack S. Blanton Museum of Art, Austin, TX
2000
Modernism & Abstraction - Treasures from the Smithsonian American Art Museum, Colby College Museum of Art, Waterville, ME
1999
American Modernism from the Stieglitz Group, Norton Museum of Art, West Palm Beach, FL
1997–1998
Arthur Dove: A Retrospective: The Phillips Collection, Washington, D.C.; Whitney Museum of American Art, New York, NY; Addison Gallery of American Art, Andover, MA; Los Angeles County Museum of Art, Los Angeles, CA (solo)
Arthur G. Dove - Mixing Media, MFA - Museum of Fine Arts, Boston, Boston, MA (solo)
1995
Arthur Dove Watercolors, Pennsylvania Academy of the Fine Arts, Philadelphia, PA (solo)
1974–1976
Arthur Dove, San Francisco Museum of Art; Albright-Knox, Buffalo, NY; St. Louis Art Museum; Art Institute of Chicago; Des Moines Art Center; Whitney Museum, NY
1968
Arthur Dove, Museum of Modern Art, New York, NY (solo)
Arthur Dove , The Modern Art Museum of Fort Worth, Fort Worth, TX (solo)
1958
Arthur Dove, Whitney Museum of American Art, New York, NY (solo)
1939
Arthur G. Dove: Exhibition of Oils and Temperas, Alfred Stieglitz's Gallery New York, NY (solo)
1936
131st Annual Exhibition, Pennsylvania Academy of Fine Arts, Philadelphia, PA
1921
Steiglitz' Gallery 291, New York, NY
1912
Steiglitz' Gallery 291, New York, NY (solo)

Literature

1997
Balken, Debra Bricker. ARTHUR DOVE: A Retrospective. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press, 1997
1984
Arthur Dove: Life and Work with a Catalogue Raisonne’, Ann Lee Morgan, Newark: University of Delaware Press, 1984
1974
Arthur Dove, Barbara Haskell, San Francisco Museum of Art, NY Graphic Society, 1974