Arshile Gorky  (American, 1904-1948) 

whitespace
Arshile Gorky (American, 1904–1948) was one of the most renowned artists of the early New York School, and was profoundly influential on the next generation of artists, even after his tragic early death. Gorky was born Vostanik Manoog Adoyan in the small village of Khorkom in Turkish Armenia, where his family was victimized by Turkish persecutors. His father fled to the United States to avoid the draft when Gorky was still a boy; Gorky was not reunited with him until 1920, when he arrived with his sister in the United States after witnessing the death of his mother at the hands of Turkish militants. In 1925 he moved to New York City and adopted the pseudonym Arshile Gorky, claiming to be a relative of the Russian writer, Maxim Gorky. In New York City, Gorky studied at the Grand Central Art School, quickly rising from the position of student to educator. His works during this time reflected the current Modernist style and the mature styles of Paul Cézanne and Pablo Picasso. Gorky befriended a number of emigrant artists during the 1930s, including Willem de Kooning and Mark Rothko, becoming an influential figure in both of their artistic developments. During the 1940s, Gorky developed an individual style, based on biomorphic forms and fluid imagery drawing on Surrealism and the work of André Breton. From 1942 on, Gorky lived in the countryside in Sherman, CT, where, following a series of devastating personal events, he committed suicide in 1948.

Find Arshile Gorky artworks for sale worldwide, artworks that sold at auction, a detailed biography, and more information on the artist below.
envelope Get email alerts about this artist!  
Artworks for sale (11)
In Art Galleries (11)
Dealers selling (25)
Dealers Buying (3)

Sold Artworks
In Past Auctions (384)

Calendar
Exhibitions (4)
Art Fairs (2)

artnet Magazine
Articles (43)

More Information
Biography
Monographs
artnet Analytics Reports
Market Reports
* paid service

Artworks for sale (11)

View All   

Arshile Gorky, Untitled

 

Arshile Gorky
Untitled
1930

Nancy Schwartz Fine Art
Arshile Gorky, Untitled

 

Arshile Gorky
Untitled
1946

Valerie Carberry Gallery
Arshile Gorky, Untitled (two heads)

 

Arshile Gorky
Untitled (two heads)
Forum Gallery Inc.
Arshile Gorky, Untitled

 

Arshile Gorky
Untitled
Nikola Rukaj Gallery
Arshile Gorky, X on Brown Paper

 

Arshile Gorky
X on Brown Paper
1937

Menconi+Schoelkopf Fine Art, LLC
Arshile Gorky, Untitled

 

Arshile Gorky
Untitled
1946

Scott White Contemporary Art
Arshile Gorky, Untitled (JRFA 4356)

 

Arshile Gorky
Untitled (JRFA 4356)
circa 1935

Jack Rutberg Fine Arts
Arshile Gorky, Untitled (JRFA 4375)

 

Arshile Gorky
Untitled (JRFA 4375)
circa 1935

Jack Rutberg Fine Arts
Arshile Gorky, Untitled (JRFA 4359)

 

Arshile Gorky
Untitled (JRFA 4359)
1934

Jack Rutberg Fine Arts
Past auction results (384)  View All
Arshile Gorky, Still Life

 

Arshile Gorky
Still Life, 1928
oil on canvas

 

View Details
Arshile Gorky, Untitled (Composition)

 

Arshile Gorky
Untitled (Composition), 1945
pencil and wax crayon on paper

 

View Details
Arshile Gorky, Fireplace in Virginia

 

Arshile Gorky
Fireplace in Virginia, 1946
ink and mixed media on paper

 

View Details

1905 - 1904   Born Vosdanig Manoog Adoian in Khorkom, Vari Haiyotz, Dzor, in the Armenian region of Turkey
1916 - 1918   Studied at the Polytechnic Institute, Tiflis
1921 - 1922   Studied at the Rhode Island School of Design, Providence, RI
1923 - 1924   Studied at the New School of Design, Boston
1925   Studied at the Grand Central School of Art, New York, NY
1930   Adopted teh name Arshile Gorky
1930   Became a naturlized United States citizen
1948   Was in a automobile accident that paralyzed his painting arm
1948   Died in Sherman, Connecticut, USA
2009   1945-1949: Repartir a zero, comme si la peinture n'avait jamais existe, Musee des Beaux-Arts de Lyon, Lyon, France
2008   Peggy Guggenheim e la Nouva Pittura Americana, Peggy Guggenheim Collection, Venice
2008   Action Painting, Foundation Beyeler, Riehen
2008   Die Hande der Kunst, MARTa Herford, Herford
2007   Arshile Gorky: Homage, Centre Pompidou, Musee National d'Art Moderne, Paris
2007   "Picasso and American Art," Walker Art Center, Minneapolis, MN; Whitney Museum of American Art, New York, NY
2006   "Société Anonyme: Modernism in America," UCLA Hammer Museum, Los Angeles, CA
2005   "Exil und Moderne," Kunsthalle St. Annen Lübeck, Lübeck
2005   "Surrealism USA," Phoenix Art Museum, Phoenix, AZ
2005   "Dream On: Surrealism and Beyond from the Phoenix Art Museum Collection," Phoenix Art Museum, Phoenix, AZ
2005   "Informalismo y Expresionismo abstracto en las colecciones Guggenheim," Museo Guggenheim de Arte Moderno y Contemporáneo, Bilbao
2005   "Into The Unknown: Abstraction From The Collection," MOCA Grand Avenue, Los Angeles, CA
2005   "Out of Site: Selections from the Marsha S. Glazer Collection," Art Museum at U.C. Santa Barbara, Santa Barbara, CA
2005   "After Cézanne," MOCA Grand Avenue, Los Angeles, CA; MOCA THE GEFFEN CONTEMPORARY, Los Angeles, CA
2004   "Modern Means: Continuity and Change in Art from 1880 to the Present," Mori Art Museum, Tokyo
2004   "Arshile Gorky: A Retrospective of Drawings," The Menil Collection, Houston, TX
2004   "Das MoMA in Berlin. Meisterwerke aus dem Museum of Modern Art, New York." Neue Nationalgalerie, Berlin
2003   "Arshile Gorky: A Retrospective of Drawings," Whitney Museum of American Art, New York, NY
2003   "Drawing Modern: Works from the Agnes Gund Collection," The Cleveland Museum of Art, Cleveland, OH
2003   "El Expresionismo Abstracto Americano en las Colecciones Españolas," Museo de Arte Contemporáneo Esteban Vicente, Segovia
2003   "The Heroic Century: The Museum of Modern Art Masterpieces, 200 Paintings & Sculptures," MFAH: Museum of Fine Arts, Houston, TX
2003   "International Abstraction: Making Painting Real," Seattle Art Museum, Seattle, WA
2003   "Arshile Gorky," Centro de Arte Moderna José de Azeredo Perdigão - Fundação Calouste Gulbenkian, Lisbon
2002   "Arshile Gorky," Galerie 1900-2000, Paris
2002   "Think Small: Little Treasures from the Permanent Collection," Norton Museum of Art, West Palm Beach, FL
2002   "Arshile Gorky: Portraits," Gagosian Gallery, New York, NY
2002   "Surrealism: Desire Unbound," The Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York, NY
2002   "The Tiger’s Eye: The Art of a Magazine," Yale University Art Gallery, New Haven, CT
2001   "The Kindness of Friends: A Selection of Gifts of Drawings and Prints, 1919–2000" Los Angeles County Museum of Art (LACMA), Los Angeles, CA
2001   "Collecting the Vanguard: Art from 1900-1970," The Allen Memorial Art Museum, Oberlin, OH
2000   "Twentieth-Century American Art: The Ebsworth Collection," The National Gallery of Art, Washington, DC
1999   "De Durero a Rauschenberg: La quintaesencia del dibujo," Museo Guggenheim de Arte Moderno y Contemporáneo, Bilbao
1999   "Linhas de Sombra," Centro de Arte Moderna José de Azeredo Perdigão - Fundação Calouste Gulbenkian, Lisbon
1998   "Arshile Gorky: Paintings and Drawings, 1929-1942," Gagosian Gallery, New York, NY
1998   "The New York School," Gagosian Gallery, New York, NY
1998   "Defining the Edge: Early American Abstraction-Selections," Laguna Art Museum, Laguna Beach, CA
1998   "Hannah Höch, Mit Pinsel, Feder und Schere," Galerie Remmert und Barth, Duesseldorf
1996   Arshile Gorky, Centro de Arte Moderna Jose de Azeredo Pedrigao, Fundacao Calouste Gulbenkian, Lisbon
1994   Arshile Gorky Late Paintings, Gagosian Gallery, New York, NY
1993   Arshile GOrky, Centro de Arte Moderna Jose de Azeredo Pedrigao, Fundacao Calouste Gulbenkian, Lisbon
1990   Arshile Gorky, Whitechapel Art Gallery, London
1989   60 Meisterwerke aus der Solomon R. Gugenheim Foundation, Neue Nationalgalerie, Berlin
1983 - 1984   Abstract Painting and Sculpture in America, 1927-1944, Whitney Museum of American Art, New York, NY; The Minneapolis Institute of Arts, Minneapolis, MN; Carnegie Museum of Art, Pittsburg, PA; The San Francisco Museum of Modern Art, San Francisco, CA
1964   documenta 3, Documenta, Kassel
1962   Arshile Gorky: 1904-1948, Museum of Modern Art, New York, NY
1959   documenta 2, Documenta, Kassel
1958   The Disquieting Muse: Surrealism, Contemporary Arts Museum Houston, Houston, TX
1956   Large Scale Paintings II, Contemporary Arts Museum Houston, Houston, TX
1953   5th Anniversary Exhibition, Sidney Janis Gallery, New York, NY