Arnold Newman (American, 1918–2006) was one the most celebrated and influential portrait photographers of the 20th century, known for his “environmental portraits” of artists and cultural icons. Newman was born in New York City in 1918, and attended high school in Miami. He studied painting at the University of Miami on scholarship for two years, before—having run out of financial support for his studies—moving to Philadelphia to work as a photographer. There, he worked as a 49-cent portrait photographer, where he learned the importance of interacting with his subjects. While in Philadelphia, he shot some of his first portraits, focusing on Expressionist artists as his subjects. Newman moved to New York City in 1946, where he went on to shoot assignments for magazines, such as Look and Harper’s Bazaar, and he developed his signature approach to portraiture. Unlike other portrait photographers of his time, such as Richard Avedon (American, 1923–2004), Newman depicted his subjects in their natural surroundings; his style was referred to as “environmental portraiture”—a term Newman rejected due to the esoteric connotations of such a label. Arnold stressed that he was motivated by a genuine interest in his subjects, and in the craft of photography. He is well-known for his portraits of artists, such as Igor Stravinsky, Marilyn Monroe, and Pablo Picasso (Spanish, 1881–1973), and political figures (which he focused on in the 1960s), such as John F. Kennedy and German war-criminal Alfried Krupp. Newman taught photography at Cooper Union in New York, and was the recipient of both the Lucie and Infinity Awards for photography. He died on June 6, 2006, in New York City, at the age of 88.

Timeline

1918
Born March 3, New York City
2006
Died at his home in Manhattan

Exhibitions

2007
Arnold Newman: The Early Work, Howard Greenberg Gallery, New York
2006
Beverly Hills 1962 - Marilyn Monroe by Arnold Newman, Hartmann Gallery, Barcelona, Spain
2003
Sessions, Howard Greenberg Gallery, New York
2000
Arnold Newman, Corcoran Gallery of Art, Washington D.C.
1999
Howard Greenberg Gallery, New York
1999
Arnold Newman's Gift: 60 Years of Photography, International Center of Photography, New York City
1993
Provincetown, Massachusetts
1992
Howard Greenberg Gallery, New York
1992
Arnold Newman's Americans, National Portrait Gallery
1991
Artist's Choice-Chuck Close Head- On, Museum of Modern Art
1991
Art of the Forties, Museum of Modern Art
1990
Howard Greenberg Gallery New York City
1989
Camera Portraits, National Portraits Gallery
1988
Master Photography in the Fine Arts 1959 - 1967, , International Center of Photography
1988
The Instant Likeness: Polaroid Portraits, National Portrait Gallery
1988
5 X 5, El Museo de Arte Contemporaneo de Caracas Venezuela
1988
Picturing Greatness, Museum of Modern Art
1988
Collages and Recent Photgraphs, Sidney Janis Gallery New York City
1987
Arnold Newman in Florida, Norton Gallery of Art West Palm Beach, Fl
1986
Arnold Newman: Five Decades, Museum of Photographic Arts San Diego, Ca
1986
Arnold Newman: Five Decades, Pori Art Museum Finland
1985
American Images - Photography, 1945 - 1980, Barbican Art Gallery London
1984
Arnold Newman: Other Photographs, Daniel Wolf Gallery New York City
1984
Galerie Octant Paris
1980
Lowe Art Museum University of Florida
1978
Arnold Newman- Recent Photographs, LIGHT Gallery New York City
1949
In and Out of Focus, Museum of Modern Art
1941
AD Gallery