Arnold Newman (American, 1918–2006) was one the most celebrated and influential portrait photographers of the 20th century, known for his “environmental portraits” of artists and cultural icons. Newman was born in New York City in 1918, and attended high school in Miami. He studied painting at the University of Miami on scholarship for two years, before—having run out of financial support for his studies—moving to Philadelphia to work as a photographer. There, he worked as a 49-cent portrait photographer, where he learned the importance of interacting with his subjects. While in Philadelphia, he shot some of his first portraits, focusing on Expressionist artists as his subjects. Newman moved to New York City in 1946, where he went on to shoot assignments for magazines, such as Look and Harper’s Bazaar, and he developed his signature approach to portraiture. Unlike other portrait photographers of his time, such as Richard Avedon (American, 1923–2004), Newman depicted his subjects in their natural surroundings; his style was referred to as “environmental portraiture”—a term Newman rejected due to the esoteric connotations of such a label. Arnold stressed that he was motivated by a genuine interest in his subjects, and in the craft of photography. He is well-known for his portraits of artists, such as Igor Stravinsky, Marilyn Monroe, and Pablo Picasso (Spanish, 1881–1973), and political figures (which he focused on in the 1960s), such as John F. Kennedy and German war-criminal Alfried Krupp. Newman taught photography at Cooper Union in New York, and was the recipient of both the Lucie and Infinity Awards for photography. He died on June 6, 2006, in New York City, at the age of 88.