Aristide Maillol (French, 1861–1944) was an influential Catalan sculptor, best known for his classicizing depictions of femininity. Born in Banyuls-sur-Mer, he moved to Paris to study at the École des Beaux-Arts under Jean-Léon Gérôme (French, 1824–1904). Encouraged by Paul Gauguin (French, 1848–1903), Maillol began his artistic studies in tapestry design before going on to make his earliest sculptures out of terracotta, stone, and wood. Maillol later started casting sculptures in bronze in the style of Henry Moore and Alberto Giacometti.

Maillol’s work almost exclusively depicts the female figure, abstracted into simplified forms with strong lines, standing autonomously from any architectural context. In 1975, the Solomon R. Guggenheim Museum held a career retrospective of Maillol’s work. His sculptures are included in collections worldwide, including the Hirshhorn Museum in Washington D.C., the Musée d''''''''Orsay and the Maillol Museum in Paris, and the Museum of Modern Art in New York. Additionally, three of Maillol’s bronzes are exhibited at the Metropolitan Opera House in New York City.

Timeline

1861
Born in Banyuls-sur-Mer, Rousillon, France
1885
Studied at l'École des Beaux-Arts, Paris, France
1893
Opened tapestry workshop in Banyuls-sur-Mer, Rousillon, France
1944
Died in Banyuls-sur-Mer, Rousillon, France
1964
Spends a year in Italy and turned his attention to sculpture

Exhibitions

1902
Galerie Vollard, Paris, France

Public Collections

Art Institute of Chicago, Chicago, IL
Museum of Fine Arts, Boston, MA
Museum of Modern Art, New York City, NY
Louvre Museum Graphic Art Database, Paris, France
Musée Maillol, Paris, France
Musée d'Orsay, Paris, France

Literature

1995
Lorquin, Bertrand. "Maillol," London ; New York, N.Y. : Skira in association with Thames and Hudson, 1995, c1994.
1982
Slatkin, Wendy. "Aristide Maillol in the 1890s (Studies in the Fine Arts. the Avant-Garde)" Ann Arbor, Mich. : UMI Research Press, c1982
1965
Waldemar, George. "Aristide Maillol," Editions Ides et Calendes, c1965