André Lhote (French, 1885–1962) was a painter, sculptor, critic, and educator, known for his figure paintings, portraits, landscapes, and still lifes. Born in Bordeaux, Lhote studied decorative sculpture at the École des Beaux-Arts there between 1898 and 1904. In 1905, he began painting, and a year later, moved to Paris. Though initially executed in a Fauvist style, his later works would take on a distinctly Cubist quality. In 1912, Lhote joined the Section d'Or group of artists.
The artist was not only concerned with the act of painting but also its theoretical foundation, cofounding the journal Nouvelle Revue Française, in which he published his critical thoughts on art over the next 23 years. After serving in the First World War, Lhote briefly taught at the Académie Notre-Dame des Champs and the Académie de la Grande Chaumière, before establishing his own school in Montparnasse in 1922. His theoretical approach to art attracted a wide audience, and he lectured extensively throughout France, as well as in Belgium, England, Italy, Egypt, and Brazil.
In 1955, the artist received a Prix National de Peinture. The UNESCO commission for sculpture appointed Lhote president of the International Association of Painters, Engravers and Sculptors. Numerous international exhibitions were held during his lifetime, including a show at the Mussée d’Art Moderne in 1957.
Today, his works are part of the collections of institutions around the world, including the Art Institute of Chicago, the Hermitage Museum in St. Petersburg, the Tate Gallery in London, and the Réunion des Musées Nationaux in France.