André Derain (French, 1880–1954) was a painter, sculptor, and printmaker, and an important figure in the Fauvism movement. He took his first painting lessons during his teenage years from La Noé. From 1898 to 1900, Derain shared a studio with two other young Fauvists, Henri Matisse (French, 1869–1954) and Maurice de Vlaminck (French, 1876–1958), while at the same time taking classes at Paris's Académie Carrière. In 1904, Derain attended the Académie Julian and traveled with Matisse to Collioure, a small town in the French Mediterranean, where both did artists did a lot of painting.

Derain was partially responsible for the Fauvists' name, since art critic Louis Vauxcelles, disapproving of Matisse and Derain's unnaturally bright colors, described the paintings they exhibited at the Paris Salon d''Automne as "les Fauves," or "the wild beasts." In 1906, at the request of art dealer Ambroise Vollard, Derain traveled to London, where he painted a series of 30 brightly-colored paintings of the city, including one of his best-known works, Charing Cross Bridge (1901). The following year, Derain moved to Montmartre so that he could be close to his artist friends, including Pablo Picasso (Spanish, 1881–1973), and began to sculpt stone. He began his gothic period in 1911, using austere forms and more muted colors than he had done so previously. Some of these paintings were displayed at the Armory Show in New York and at Berlin's Erster Herbstsalon. After fighting in World War I, Derain began to paint more traditional works and came to be seen as a leader in Classicism. Throughout the 1920s, he created his well-known paintings of performers and dancers, including Harlequin and Pierrot (1924).

After he won the Carnegie Prize in 1920, Derain’s work began to be exhibited widely around the world. The Kunsthalle in Berne, Switzerland, held Derain's first serious retrospective in 1935; around the same time, the artist moved to Chambourcy, France. By the time the Germans occupied France during World War II, Derain was living in Paris. He was part of a group of French artists who visited Nazi sculptor Arno Breker's exhibition in Berlin, so after the Liberation he was widely viewed as a collaborator. During the 1940s, Derain worked in Donnemarie and Chambourcy. In the years before his death, he concentrated on sculpting. His paintings can now be seen at the Museum of Modern Art in New York.

Exhibitions

2003
Galerie Schmit, Paris
1995
Musée Despiau-Wlérick, Mont-de-Marsan
1994
Musée d’Art Moderne de la Ville de Paris, Paris
1991
Musée d’Art Moderne, Troyes
1991
Musée de l’Orangerie, Paris
1981–1982
Marcq-en-Baroeul
1952–1953
“Modern French Masters”, Columbus ed Akron, Ohio, Worchester, Massachusetts
1952–1953
“Les Fauves”, Museum of Modern Art, New York
1951
Galerie Roland Browse & Del Banco, London
1951
“Le Fauvisme”, Musée National d’Art Moderne, Paris
1951
“Le Fauvisme”, Musée de Beaux-Arts, Rennes
1950
David Finlay Galleries, New York
1950
Sidney Janis Gallery, New York
1950
Bern Kunsthalle
1949
Galerie de Berri, Paris
1947
Galerie Bing, Paris
1940
Solo show, Gallery Pierre Matisse, New York
1937
Maîtres de l’Art Contemporain, Petit Palais. In occasion of Esposizion Universel de Paris
1916
Solo show, Galleria del mercante d’arte Paul Guillaume
1905
Salon des Indépendants, Paris
1905
Salon d’Automne, Paris

Literature

2003
André Derain, 1880-1954, Paris, Galerie Schmit
2003
Da Caillebotte a Picasso, I capolavori della collezione Oscar Ghez dal Museo del Petit Palais di Ginevra a cura di L. Caramel, N. Sainte Fare Garnot, G. Gentry, Milan, Mazzotta
2002
Da Puvis de Chavannes a Matisse e Picasso, Verso l’arte moderna, a cura di S. Lemoine, Bompiani
2001
André Derain, Centre d’Art Contemporain, Istres
2001
Da Renoir a Picasso, un secolo d’arte al Petit Palais di Ginevra, a cura di Paola Gribaudo, Milan, Electa
2000
Les années fauves, 1904-1908, Paris, Somogy Editions d’art
1999
Le fauvisme ou “l’épreuve du feu” Eruption de la modernità en Europe, Edition des musées de la Ville de Paris
1999
I Fauves e la critica, a cura di Maithé Vallès-Bled, Milan, Electa
1996
M. Kellermann, André Derain, Catalogue raisonnée de l’œuvre peint, Editions Galerie Schmit, Paris
1995
N. Kalitina, A. Barskaia, E. Gheorghievskaia, André Derain, Le peintre à l’epreuve du feu, Bournemouth, Parkstone Aurora
1994
André Derain, Le peintre du « trouble moderne », Paris Musées
1991
Un certain Derain, Paris, Musée de l’Orangerie, Reunion des Musée Nationaux
1990
P. Cabanne, André Derain, Paris, Somogy
1976
Derain, Accademia di Francia a Roma, Rome, Edizioni dell’Elefante
1966
Collection Jean Walter – Paul Guillaume, Catalogue, Orangerie des Tuileries, Paris