Alexander Calder  (American, 1898-1976) 

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Alexander Calder Biography
1898   Born: in Philadelphia, PA
1909   Parents provide him with a workshop at age eleven
1919   Graduated from Stevens Institute of Technology in Hoboken, NJ
Worked as engineer at logging camp in Washington state
1923   Moved to New York, NY and attended Art Students League
Worked as illustrator for newspapers and advertisers
1925   Employed at Central Park Zoo and Bronx Zoo, New York, NY
1926   Attended Académie de la Grande Chaumière, Paris, France
1931   Settled in Paris, France
1933   Moved back to the U.S. and buys house in Roxbury, CT
1939   Commissioned to make mobile installed in main stairwell of Museum of Modern Art, New York, NY
1949   Constructed largest mobile to date, hung over main stairwell of the Philadelphia Museum of Art, Philadelphia, PA
1952   Awarded grand prize for sculpture, Venice Biennale, Venice, Italy
1957 - 1958   Received several commissions for large-scale public sculpture, including a mobile for JFK Airport commissioned by Port Authority of New York and a stabile for UNESCO Paris headquarters
1967 - 1968   Sculpture commissions for Expo ’67 in Montreal and 1968 Olympic Games in Mexico City
1976   Died: in New York, NY
Selected Exhibitions
2013   Artistic Relationships: Partners, Mentors, Lovers - Bechtler Museum of Modern Art, Charlotte, NC
Dynamo Un Siecle De Lumiere Et De Mouvement Dans L’art 1913-2013 - Galeries nationales du Grand Palais, Paris
Puppet Show - Eastside Projects, Birmingham (England)
In the Library - The National Gallery of Art, Washington, DC
fun house - Richard Gray Gallery - New York, New York City, NY
2012   The Complete Bronzes - L&M Arts, New York, New York City, NY
Calder Noir - Kukje Gallery, Seoul
Alexander Calder - Crane Kalman Gallery, London (England)
Alexander Calder - Gemeentemuseum Den Haag, The Hague
Building the Collection: Art Acquired in the 1990s - Arkansas Arts Center, Little Rock, AR
2011   Alexander Calder: The Painter - Helly Nahmad Gallery, London (England)
Alexander Calder: 1941 - The Pace Gallery - 32 East 57th Street, New York City, NY
Alexander Calder: Gouaches - Pace Prints, New York City, NY
Calder - Huntington Museum of Art, Huntington, WV
Calder's Portraits: A New Language - The National Portrait Gallery, Washington, DC
2010   Alexander Calder - Galería Elvira González, Madrid
Calder Jewelry - GRAM - Grand Rapids Art Museum, Grand Rapids, MI
Retrospective - Zadok Art Gallery, Miami, FL
Alexander Calder - Van de Weghe Fine Art, New York City, NY
2009   Alexander Calder: Printmaker - Bruce Museum, Greenwich, CT
Alexander Calder - Palazzo delle Esposizioni, Rome
Alexander Calder - Monumental Sculpture - Gagosian Gallery, Rome
Alexander Calder - Olympic Sculpture Park, Seattle, WA
Alexander Calder: 1969 The Fortieth Anniversary of La Grande vitesse - Frederik Meijer Gardens & Sculpture Park, Grand Rapids, MI
2008   Alexander Calder: Gouaches, Ricco Maresca Gallery, New York City, NY (solo)
Alexander Calder Jewlery, Norton Museum of Art, West Palm Beach, FL (solo)
2007   Focus: Alexander Calder, MoMA - Museum of Modern Art, New York City, NY (solo)
2006   The Surreal Calder, San Francisco Museum of Modern Art , San Francisco, CA; Minneapolis Institute of Arts, Minneapolis, MN (solo)
Calder in Brazil, Paco Imperial, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil (solo)
I Think Best in Wire: Alexander Calder, Whitney Museum of American Art, New York, NY (solo)
Calder Gouaches: 1942-1976, PaceWildenstein, New York, NY (solo)
Calder: From Model to Monument, PaceWildenstein, New York, NY (solo)
2005   Alexander Calder: Two Monumental Sculptures, Gagosian Gallery, New York., NY (solo)
Alexander Calder, Samuel Vanhoegaerden Gallery, Knokke-Heist, Belgium (solo)
2004   Alexander Calder, Kukje Gallery, Seoul, South Korea (solo)
Calder: Gravedad y la Gracia, Museo Nacional - Centro de Arte Reina Sofia, Madrid, Spain (solo)
2003   Calder: Gravedad y la Gracia, Fundacion del Museo Guggenheim Bilbao, Spain (solo)
Alexander Calder, Gagosian Gallery, Beverly Hills, CA (solo)
2002   Calder '76: The Cutouts, PaceWildenstein, New York, NY (solo)
Alexander Calder: Motion and Color, Nagoya City Art Museum, Nagoya, Japan (solo)
Calder: Four Maquettes, Two Stabiles and a Little Bird Too, Ameringer Fine Arts, New York, NY (solo)
2001   Alexander Calder: Motion and Color, Museum of Modern Art, Toyama, Japan (solo)
Alexander Calder in Focus, Museum of Contemporary Art, Chicago, IL (solo)
2000   Earthly Forms: The Biomorphic Sculpture of Arp, Calder and Noguchi, PaceWildenstein, New York, NY
1999   An Adventurous Spirit: Calder at The Phillips Collection, Phillips Collection, Washington, D.C (solo)
Alexander Calder, Whitney Museum of American Art, New York, NY (solo)
1998   Alexander Calder: 1898-1976, National Gallery of Art, Washington, D.C. and SF MoMA (solo)
Flying Colors: The Innovation and Artistry of Alexander Calder, San Jose Museum of Art, San Jose , CA (solo)
1996   Alexander Calder: 1898-1976, Musee d'Art Moderne de la Ville de Paris, Paris, France (solo)
Celebrating Calder, The Baltimore Museum of Art, Baltimore, MD (solo)
1994   Calder, Bibliotheque Municipale and Abbaye Saint-Germain, Auxerre, France (solo)
Calder Gallery Installation, Hirshhorn Museum and Sculpture Garden, Smithsonian Institution, Washington, D.C. (solo)
1993   Alexander Calder from the Collection of the Ruth and Leonard J. Horwich Family, Museum of Contemporary Art, Chicago, IL (solo)
1992   Celebrating Calder, Whitney Museum of American Art, New York, NY (solo)
Alexander Calder, Royal Academy of Arts, London, UK (solo)
1989   The Intimate World of Alexander Calder, Cooper-Hewitt National Design Museum, Smithsonian Institution, New York, NY; Minneapolis Institute of Arts, Minneapolis, MN (solo)
1987   Alexander Calder: Sculptures of the Nineteen Thirties, Whitney Museum of American Art, New York, NY (solo)
1984   Calder, Museo de Bellas Artes, Caracas, Venezuela (solo)
Des Stabiles et des Mobiles de Calder, Musee National d'Art Moderne, Centre Georges Pompidou, Paris, France (solo)
1982   Tapices de Alexander Calder, Museo de Arte Moderno, Mexico City, Mexico (solo)
1981   Alexander Calder: A Concentration of Works from the Permanent Collection, Whitney Museum of American Art, New York, NY (solo)
1978   Images de Calder, Musee National d'Art Moderne, Centre Georges Pompidou, Paris, France (solo)
Calder's Universe, San Jose Museum of Art, CA; Portland Art Museum, OR; Phoenix Art Museum, AZ (solo)
1977   Alexander Calder Memorial, American Academy and Institute of Arts and Letters, New York, NY (solo)
Calder's Universe, Walker Art Center, Minneapolis, MN; High Art Musuem, Atlanta, GA (solo)
1976   Calder, Pennsylvania Academy of Fine Arts, Philadelphia, PA (solo)
Retrospective, Whitney Museum of American Art, New York, NY (solo)
1963   Calder gouache show, Perls Gallery, New York (solo)
Retrospective, Guggenheim Museum, New York, NY (solo)
1962   Retrospective, Tate Gallery, London, UK
1950   Galerie Maeght, Paris, France (solo)
Retrospective, Masachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge, MA (solo)
1943   Retrospective, Museum of Modern Art, New York, NY (solo)
Addison Gallery of American Art, Andover, MA (solo)
1932   Julien Levy Gallery, New York, NY (solo)
1929   Galerie Billiet, Paris, France (solo)
1928   Weyhe Gallery, New York, NY (solo)
1926   Artist's Gallery, New York, NY
Selected Public Collections
  Peggy Guggenheim Collection, Venice, Italy
  National Gallery of Art, Washington D.C.
  Museum of Modern Art, New York, NY
  Museum of Fine Arts, Boston, MA
  Museum of Fine Arts, Houston, TX
  Hirshhorn Museum and Sculpture Garden, Washington D.C
  Guggenheim Museum, New York, NY
  Fine Arts Museums of San Francisco, San Francisco, CA
  Art Institute of Chicago, Chicago, IL
  Pennsylvania Academy of the Fine Arts, Philadelphia, PA
  Whitney Museum of American Art, New York , NY
  Tate Gallery, London, UK
  Reina Sofía National Museum, Madrid, Spain
  Philadelphia Museum of Art, Philadelphia, PA
  Los Angeles County Museum of Art, Los Angeles, CA
  Indianapolis Museum of Art, IN
  Dallas Museum of Art, TX
  Cleveland Museum of Art, Cleveland, OH
  Centre Pompidou, Paris, France
Literature
2005   Rosenthal, Mark, and Alexander S. C. Rower. The Surreal Calder. Houston, TX: The Menil Collection, 2005
1998   Guerrero, Pedro E. Calder at Home. The Joyous Environment of Alexander Calder. New York: Stewart, Tabori & Chang, 1998
Prather, Marla. Alexander Calder 1898 - 1976. Washington D.C.: National Gallery of Art, 1998
1966   Calder, Alexander. An Autobiography With Pictures. New York: Pantheon Books, 1966

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