Alexander Archipenko  (American/Ukrainian, 1887-1964) 

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Alexander Archipenko (American/Ukrainian, 1887–1964) is celebrated for his Modernist sculptures and paintings, which dynamically combined Cubist and Futurist influences with ancient Egyptian and primitive aesthetics. Born in Kiev, Archipenko studied at the School of Art in Kiev in 1902, before moving to Moscow for two years and then settling in Paris in 1908. He spent two weeks at the Ecole des Beaux-Arts before he left to pursue sculpture on his own, frequently studying the works at the Louvre, although he rejected the styles of Auguste Rodin (French, 1840–1917) and other sculptors popular at the time. While in Paris, he started his own art school while exhibiting his work with the Cubist circle, alongside Pablo Picasso (Spanish, 1881–1973), Georges Braque (French, 1882–1963), and André Derain (French, 1880–1954). Over the next decade, Archipenko experimented with Cubist, concave, and convex forms in his sculptures, in addition to evoking pre-Columbian, Gothic, and other primitive art in his works. Highly influenced by both Cubist collage and Futurist ideas of volume and architectonic forms, Archipenko developed what he called “sculpto-paintings,” in which two- and three-dimensional forms were incorporated into pieces that explored properties of relief, space, sculpture, texture, and color. Archipenko continued to exhibit his work with Cubist artists throughout the decade, and his work was also featured in the controversial 1913 Armory Show in New York. In 1921, he opened an art school in Berlin, and then opened another in 1923 in New York, where he emigrated with his wife. In the 1920s, he developed the Archipentura, a machine that allowed him to create sequential images, inspired in part by the Futurists, who sparked his interest in combining mechanical, modern forms with artistic production. Archipenko continued to teach, lecture, and exhibit his work throughout the United States, and in later decades created pieces incorporating classical forms with traditional sculptural materials, including bronze and ceramics. Archipenko died in 1964, renowned as a pioneer of Modernist sculpture and multimedia pieces. His works can be found in the collections of the Centre Pompidou in Paris, the Hirshhorn Museum and Sculpture Garden in Washington, D.C., The Museum of Modern Art in New York, the Tate Gallery in London, and the Kunstmuseum Bern in Switzerland, among many others.

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Alexander Archipenko, Seated Woman

 

Alexander Archipenko
Seated Woman
1912

Galerie Thomas
Alexander Archipenko, Mother & Child

 

Alexander Archipenko
Mother & Child
circa 1920

The Court Gallery
Alexander Archipenko, Seated black torso

 

Alexander Archipenko
Seated black torso
1909

Duhamel Fine Art
Alexander Archipenko, Untitled

 

Alexander Archipenko
Untitled
circa 1940

Hollis Taggart Galleries
Alexander Archipenko, Symmetrischer Torso / Symmetric Torso

 

Alexander Archipenko
Symmetrischer Torso / Symmetric Torso
1921

Galerie Thomas
Alexander Archipenko, Still Life with Clock

 

Alexander Archipenko
Still Life with Clock
1922

R. E. Lewis & Daughter Original Prints
Alexander Archipenko, Nu lying horizontal

 

Alexander Archipenko
Nu lying horizontal
1957

Gallery Automne
Alexander Archipenko, Kleiner Diagonaler Torso / Small Diagonal Torso

 

Alexander Archipenko
Kleiner Diagonaler Torso / Small Diagonal Torso
1938-2007

Galerie Thomas
 
Past auction results (1191)  View All
Alexander Archipenko, Female Nudes (from Dritte Jahresgabe des Kreises graphischer Künstler und Sammler)

 

Alexander Archipenko
Female Nudes (from Dritte Jahresgabe des Kreises graphischer Künstler und Sammler), 1923
lithograph

 

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Alexander Archipenko, Torso

 

Alexander Archipenko
Torso, 1948
black painted terracotta

 

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Alexander Archipenko, Flat torso

 

Alexander Archipenko
Flat torso, 1914
bronze

 

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1887   Born: Kiev, Ukraine
1902 - 1905   Studied painting and sculpture at the Kiev art school, Kiev, Ukraine
1910   Opened art school, Paris, France
1912   Founding member of " La Section d'Or"
1921   Opened art school, Berlin, Germany
1923   Moved to the United States, opened art school, New York, NY
1924   Taught summer art school , Woodstock, NY
1929   Became American citizen
1929   Established “Arko,” a school of ceramics, New York, NY
1933   Taught at Mills College, Oakland, CA and at the Chouinard School, Los Angeles, CA
1935 - 1936   Taught summer sessions at University of Washington, Seattle, WA
1937   Taught at New Bauhaus, Chicago, IL
1938   Opened the Modern School of Fine Arts and Practical Design, Chicago, IL
1956   Taught at University of British Columbia, Vancouver, Canada
1964   Died: in New York, NY
2008   Alexander Archipenko, Saarland Museum, Saabrücken, Germany (solo)
2006   Alexander Archipenko: Vision and Continuity, Smith College Museum of Art, Northampton, MA (solo)
Archipenko 2D/3D: Prints and Sculpture, Musuem of Fine Arts, St. Petersburg, FL (solo)
2005   Alexander Archipenko: Vision and Continuity, The Ukrainian Museum, New York, NY (solo)
2004   Refashioning the Figure: The Sketchbooks of Archipenko, Henry Moore Institute, Leeds, UK (solo)
Alexander Archipenko: Unknown Works, Galerie Gmurzynska, Cologne, Germany (solo)
2002   Process and Exploration: Recurring Motifs in the Work of Alexander Archipenko, Eaton Fine Art, Palm Beach, FL (solo)
2001   Alexander Archipenko: Terra Cotta Sculptures, Zabriskie Gallery, New York, NY (solo)
1993   Rachel Adler Gallery, New York, NY
1991   Alexander Archipenko: The Sculptor As Printmaker, Zabriskie Gallery, New York, NY (solo)
1987   Alexander Archipenko: The Last Decade 1954 - 64, Zabriskie Gallery, New York, NY (solo)
1986   Alexander Archipenko: A Centennial Tribute, National Gallery of Art, Washington, D.C (solo)
1985   Archipenko: Drawings, Reliefs and Constructions, Edith C. Blum Institute, Bard College, Annandale-on Hudson, NY (solo)
1984   Yale University Art Gallery, New Haven, CT
1982   Archipenko: Naturalism of the 1920s and 1930s, Zabriskie Gallery, New York, NY (solo)
Archipenko, The Early Works: 1910 - 1921, The Tel Aviv Museum, Tel Aviv, Israel (solo)
1979   Solomon R. Guggenheim Museum, New York, NY
Alexander Archipenko 1887 - 1964: The Late Experimental Years, Zabriskie Gallery, New York, NY (solo)
1976   Archipenko –Polychrome Sculptures, Zabriskie Gallery, New York, NY (solo)
1974   Alexander Archipenko – A Pioneer of Modern Sculpture, Fuji Television Gallery, Tokyo, Japan (solo)
1973   Hayward Gallery, London, UK
1969 - 1970   The Baltimore Museum of Art, Baltimore, MD
Museum of Modern Art, New York, NY
1969   Smithsonian Institution, Washington, DC
1967   Alexander Archipenko: A Memorial Exhibition, Cincinnati Art Museum, Cincinnati, OH; Dallas Museum of Fine Arts, Dallas, TX; Fine Arts Gallery, San Diego, CA; Munson-Williams-Proctor Institute, Utica, NY; National Collection of Fine Arts, Smithsonian Institution, Washington, D.C.; Phoenix Art Museum, Phoenix, AZ; Walker Art Center, Minneapolis, MN; The Museum of Contemporary Art, Chicago, IL (solo)
1964   Galerie Stangl, Munich, Germany (solo)
1963   Centro Culturale S. Fedele, Milan, Italy (solo)
1962   Retrospective, Art Gallery, Winnipeg, Canada (solo)
Perls Galleries, New York, NY (solo)
Drawings and watercolors, Kunsthalle, Mannheim, Germany (solo)
Galerie Wilhelm Grosshennig, Düsseldorf, Germany (solo)
1959   Perls Galleries, New York, NY (solo)
1958   Selections, Museum of Modern Art, New York, NY
1957   Perls Galleries, New York, NY (solo)
1956   Retrospective, Städtische Kunstsammlung, Düsseldorf, Germany; Charlottenburger Schloss, Berlin, Germany (solo)
1955   Retrospective, Hessisches Landesmuseum, Darmstadt, Germany; Städtische Kunsthalle, Mannheim, Germany (solo)
1954   110th Exhibition, Fifty Years Production, Associated American Artists Galleries, New York, NY
1953   Le Cubisme, Musée National d’Art Moderne, Paris, France
Works on paper, El Instituto Guatemalteco-Americano, Guatemala City, Guatemala (solo)
1952   Annual Exhibition of Contemporary American Sculpture, Watercolors and Drawings, Whitney Museum of American Art, New York, NY
L’Oeuvre du XXe siècle, Peintures, Sculptures, Musée National D’Art Moderne, Paris, France; The Tate Gallery, London, UK
Sculpture of the Twentieth Century, Philadelphia Museum of Art, Philadelphia, PA; The Art Institute of Chicago, Chicago, IL; The Museum of Modern Art, New York, NY
1951   Museum of Modern Art, Sao Paulo, Brazil
American Sculpture, The Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York, NY
1950   Annual Exhibition of Contemporary American Sculpture, Watercolors and Drawings, Whitney Museum of American Art, New York, NY
1949   Seattle Art Museum, Seattle, WA; Palace of the Legion of Honor, San Francisco, CA (solo)
1948   New plexiglas works, Associated American Artists Galleries, New York, NY (solo)
1947   The Art Institute of Chicago, Chicago, IL
1944   Nierendorf Gallery, New York, NY (solo)
1942   Katherine Kuh Gallery, Chicago, IL (solo)
1941   Katherine Kuh Gallery, Chicago, IL (solo)
1940   We like Modern Art, Museum of Modern Art, New York, NY
1939   Katherine Kuh Gallery, Chicago, IL (solo)
1938   Katherine Kuh Gallery, Chicago, IL (solo)
1937   Katherine Kuh Gallery, Chicago, IL (solo)
1932   John Levy Galleries, New York, NY (solo)
1931   The Archipenko Exhibition, Braxton Gallery, Hollywood, CA (solo)
Renaissance Gallery, Montecito, CA (solo)
1929   The Arts Club of Chicago, Chicago, IL (solo)
Contemporary American Sculpture, The California Palace of The Legion Of Honor, San Francisco, CA
Braxton Gallery, Hollywood, CA (solo)
1928   The Anderson Galleries, New York, NY
1924   Kingore Gallery, Societe Anonyme, New York, NY (solo)
1923   Leipziger Kunstverein, Leipzig, Germany (solo)
1922   Galerie van Diemen, Berlin, Germany
Galerie Fritz Gurlitt, Berlin, Germany
Kunstsalon Ludwig Schames, Frankfurt, Germany
1921   Potsdam Museum, Potsdam, Germany
Société Anonyme, New York, NY (solo)
1920   Ukranian Pavillon, Venice Biennal, Venice, Italy (solo)
Salon des Indépendants, Paris, France
1919   Exhibition of French Art 1914 - 1919, Mansard Gallery, Heal & Son, Ltd., London, UK
1914   Salon des Indépendants, Paris, France
Salon des Indépendants, Brussels, Belgium
1913   Armory Show, New York, NY
Salon des Indépendants, Paris, France
Galerie Der Sturm, Berlin, Germany (solo)
1912   Folkwang Museum, Hagen, Germany
Salon des Indépendants XXVIII, Paris, France
Salon d’Automne X, Paris, France
Galerie La Boétie, Paris, France
1911   Salon des Indépendants XXVII, Paris, France
Salon d’Automne IX, Paris, France
1910   Salon des Indépendants XXVI, Paris, France
  SELECTED PUBLIC COLLECTIONS:
  Auckland City Art Gallery, New Zealand, Australia
Centre Pompidou, Musée Nationale d’Art Moderne, Paris, France
Hirshhorn Museum and Sculpture Garden, Washington, D.C.
Kunsthalle, Mannheim, Germany
Kunstmuseum, Bern, Switzerland
Los Angeles County Museum of Art, Los Angeles, CA
Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York, NY
Museum Kunst Palast, Düsseldorf, Germany
Museum of Modern Art, New York, NY
Philadelphia Museum of Art, Philadelphia, PA
Phoenix Museum of Art, Phoenix, AZ
Solomon R. Guggenheim Museum, New York, NY
Tate Gallery, London, UK
Whitney Museum of American Art, New York, NY
2008    Melcher, Ralph (Ed.). Alexander Archipenko. Saabrücken: Saarland Museum, 2008 (catalogue)
2005    Leshko, Jaroslaw. Alexander Archipenko: Vision and Continuity. New York and Kyiv: The Ukrainian Museum with cooperation of Rodovid Press, 2005 (catalogue)