Agnes Martin (American/Canadian, 2004)

Agnes Martin (American/Canadian, 1912–2004) moved to the United States in 1931 from her native Canada. After studying Fine Art and Art Education at the Columbia University Teachers College, she moved back and forth between New York City and New Mexico before settling permanently in New Mexico in 1977. Though she preferred to be associated with the Abstract Expressionists, Martin is often categorized as a Minimalist because of her spare paintings and drawings, which featured large grids drawn by hand in ink or graphite on paper or canvas. Despite the rigorous repetition of these works, Martin was not striving for perfection; she was influenced by Taoist and other eastern philosophies, and felt her paintings were a reflection of the complex patterns of nature. As a result, Martin titled many works after natural phenomena, such as White Flower (1960) or Desert (1965).

Timeline

1912
Born in Macklin, Saskatchewan, Canada
1932
Moved to Bellingham, WA
1942
B.S. Columbia University, New York, NY
1952
M.A. Columbia University, New York, NY
1989
Elected to the American Academy and Institute of Arts and Letters, New York, NY
1997
Recipient, Golden Lion for Contribution to Contemporary Art at the Venice Biennale, Venice, Italy
1998
Recipient, National Medal of Arts awarded by President Bill Clinton and the National Endowment for the Arts
Recipient, Distinguished Artist Award for Lifetime Achievement by the College Art Association
2004
Died in Taos, NM

Exhibitions

2010
Agnes Martin, Timothy Taylor Gallery, London, England (solo)
Agnes Martin: Works on Paper, The Douglas Hyde Gallery, Trinity College, Dublin, Ireland (solo)
2009
Artist Rooms: Agnes Martin, Scottish National Gallery of Modern Art, Edinburgh, Scotland (solo)
2008
Agnes Martin: Works on Paper, Peter Blum Gallery, New York, NY (solo)
2007
Agnes Martin: Homage to [a] Life, Dia: Beacon, Beacon, NY (solo)
2006
A Field of Vision: Paintings from the 1980s, Dia: Beacon, Beacon, NY (solo)
2005
To the Islands: Agnes Martin's Paintings 1974-79, Dia: Beacon, Beacon, NY (solo)
2004
Agnes Martin: The Islands, University of Michigran Museum of Art, Ann Arbor, MI (solo)
2003
Agnes Martin: Five Decades, Zwirner & Wirth, New York City, NY (solo)
2002
Agnes Martin: The Nineties and Beyond, The Menil Collection, Houston, TX (solo)
2000
Lovely Life: The Recent Work of Agnes Martin, Whitney Museum of American Art, New York City, NY (solo)
1992
Agnes Martin, The Whitney Museum of American Art, New York, NY (solo)
1991
Agnes Martin: Paintings and Drawings 1974-1990, Stedelijk Museum, Amsterdam, The Netherlands (solo)
1973
Agnes Martin, Institute of Contemporary Art at the University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, PA (solo)
1958
Agnes Martin, Section Eleven, Betty Parsons Gallery, New York, NY (solo)

Public Collections

Centre Georges Pompidou, Paris, France
Milwaukee Art Museum, Milwaukee, WI
The Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York, NY
The Chinati Foundation, Marfa, TX
The Cleveland Museum of Art, Cleveland, OH
Denver Art Museum, Denver, CO
Des Moines Art Center, Des Moines, IA
Dia Art Foundation, New York, NY
High Museum of Art, Atlanta, GA
Hiroshima City Museum of Contemporary Art, Hiroshima, Japan
Hirshhorn Museum and Sculpture Garden, Smithsonian Institution, Washington, DC
Israel Museum, Jerusalem, Israel
Los Angeles County Museum of Art, Los Angeles, CA
The Menil Collection, Houston, TX
The Whitney Museum of American Art, New York, NY
Walker Art Center, Minneapolis, MN
Tate Gallery, London, England
Stedelijk Museum, Amsterdam, The Netherlands
Solomon R. Guggenheim Museum, New York, NY
The Nelson-Atkins Museum of Art, Kansas City, MO
National Gallery of Art, Washington, DC
The Museum of Fine Arts, Houston, TX
Museum of Contemporary Art, Los Angeles, CA

Literature

2000
Glimcher, Arne. Agnes Martin: Paintings and Writings. New York: Pace Wildenstein, 2000
1992
Chave, Anna, Barbara Haskell, and Rosalind Krauss. Agnes Martin. New York: Whitney Museum of American Art, New York, 1992
1991
Schwarz, Dieter. Agnes Martin: Writings–Schriften. Winterthur: Kunstmuseum Winterthur, 1991
1977
Ashton, Dore. Agnes Martin: Paintings and Drawings, 1957–1975. London: Arts Council of Great Britain, 1977
1973
Alloway, Lawrence. Agnes Martin. Philadelphia: University of Pennsylvania, 1973