Adolph Gottlieb  (American, 1903-1974) 

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Painter and sculptor, Adolph Gottlieb (American, 1903–1974) was a prominent member of the Abstract artists from the New York School. While a teenager he attended the Art Students League of New York, and at the age of 18 decided to travel to Europe, taking classes at the famously progressive Académie de la Grande Chaumière in Paris.

When Gottlieb returned to New York City in the 1930s, he became a member of a group of New York painters called The Ten. This group formed in 1935, and many of its members would later be known as Abstract Expressionist or Color Field painters. When Gottlieb moved to the Arizona desert in the later 1930s, he incorporated symbolic elements into uniform landscapes, influenced by Surrealism. In the 1940s, Gottlieb returned to New York City and remained in contact with Surrealist artists, working with universal symbols throughout the 1940s and 1950s in his Pictographs, viewing these visual symbols as a parallel to written language. In the 1950s, Gottlieb worked on Imaginary Landscapes, a series of paintings representing a general sense of foreground and background rather than a particular landscape. Gottlieb’s later works include his Burst Paintings, in which the artist explored the relationships between two opposite forms, a motif he explored in sculptures at the same time such as in the work Petaloid from the late 1960s.

Gottlieb continued painting after having a stroke in 1970, and two years later was named member of the National Institute of Arts and Letters. His work has been exhibited internationally since the 1950s, including exhibitions at documenta II in 1959 in Kassel, Germany, as well as two 1968 retrospectives at the Whitney Museum of American Art and the Solomon R. Guggenheim Museum in New York City. Gottlieb was also known as a political figure, and participated in protests questioning political decisions in the contemporary art world.

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Adolph Gottlieb, Blue Night

 

Adolph Gottlieb
Blue Night
1970
end time: Apr 16, 2014 12:35 PM EST
artnet Auctions
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Adolph Gottlieb, Chrome Green

 

Adolph Gottlieb
Chrome Green
1972

Auction: Apr 28, 2014
Phillips New York
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Adolph Gottlieb, Blues on Green

 

Adolph Gottlieb
Blues on Green
1970

Auction: Apr 28, 2014
Phillips New York
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Adolph Gottlieb, Flying lines

 

Adolph Gottlieb
Flying lines
1967

Simon Capstick-Dale Fine Art
Adolph Gottlieb, Untitled

 

Adolph Gottlieb
Untitled
1949

Pace Gallery
Adolph Gottlieb, Pink Ground

 

Adolph Gottlieb
Pink Ground
1972

Galerie Wild
Adolph Gottlieb, Figure Eight

 

Adolph Gottlieb
Figure Eight
1967

Gallart.com
Adolph Gottlieb, Green Disc 72061

 

Adolph Gottlieb
Green Disc 72061
1972

American Contemporary Art Gallery
Adolph Gottlieb, Garden 5024

 

Adolph Gottlieb
Garden 5024
American Contemporary Art Gallery
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Adolph Gottlieb, Signs

 

Adolph Gottlieb
Signs, 1967
color screenprint

 

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Adolph Gottlieb, Orange Oval

 

Adolph Gottlieb
Orange Oval, 1972
color screenprint

 

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Adolph Gottlieb, Imaginary Landscape

 

Adolph Gottlieb
Imaginary Landscape, 1971
color etching and aquatint

 

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1903   Born: New York, USA
1920   Enrolled at the Art Students League, where he studied painting with John Sloan, New York, NY
1921   Attended sketch classes at the Académie de la Grande Chaumière and visited the Louvre Museum daily, Paris, France
1923   Studied at Parsons School of Design, The Art Students League, Cooper Union and the Educational Alliance Art School
1929   Awarded joint prize in the Dudensing National Competition
1935   Became a founding member of "The Ten," a group devoted to expressionist and abstract painting
1936   Worked in the Works Progress Administration Federal Art Project’s easel painting division
1937 - 1939   Lived in the Arizona desert, near Tucson, AZ
1939   Won U.S. Treasury sponsored nationwide mural competition
1941   Returned to New York, NY
1944   Awarded First Prize, Brooklyn Society of Artists, Annual Exhibition
1944 - 1945   President of the Federation of Modern Painters and Sculptors
1952   Received purchase prize, Univ of Illinois, Contemporary American Painting
1957   Taught at Pratt Institute, Brooklyn, NY and at the University of California, Los Angeles, CA
1961   Awarded Third Prize, Pittsburg International Exhibition, Carnegie Institute, Pittsburgh, PA
1963   Awarded Grand Premio, VII Bienal de Sao Paolo, Brazil
1965   Received the the American Academy of Achievement award, Dallas, TX
1966   Studio and contents destroyed by fire
1967   Appointed to The Art Commission, New York, NY
1970   Suffered stroke; confined to wheel-chair, left side paralyzed, continued painting
1972   Elected member of the National Institute of Arts and Letters
1974   Died: New York, NY
2010   Le Grand Geste, Sammlung Museum Kunstpalast Düsseldorf, Germany
2010   Artists of the Gallery, Adolph Gottlieb, Charles Pollock, Richard Pousette-Dart, American Contemporary Art Gallery, Munich
2010   Adolph Gottlieb Retrospective in the Peggy Guggenheim Collection Venice in cooperation with the Adolph & Esther Gottlieb Foundation, New York, and american contemporary art GALLERY Munich, September 2010
2009   Adolph Gottlieb, Museum Pfalzgalerie Kaiserslautern, Kaiserslautern, Germany (solo)
Peggy Guggenheim e la nuova pittura Americana, ARCA, Ex-Chiesa di San Marco, Vercelli, Italy
2008   Adolph Gottlieb, Musée d´Art Moderne et d`Art Contemporain Nice, Nice, France (solo)
Adolph Gottlieb, PaceWildenstein, New York, NY (solo)
2007   Adolph Gottlieb, American Contemporary Art Gallery, Munich, Germany (solo)
"Adolph Gottlieb: Early Prints ", AMUM - Art Museum of the University of Memphis, Memphis, TN (solo)
Adolph Gottlieb: Prints 1933–1946, Milwaukee Art Museum, Milwaukee, WI (solo)
2006   Adolph Gottlieb: Early Prints from the Adolph and Esther Gottlieb Foundation, The Allen Memorial Art Museum, Oberlin, OH (solo)
Gottlieb Escultor, Fundació Pilar i Joan Miró a Mallorca, Palma de Mallorca, Spain (solo)
NEW YORK, NEW YORK - Fifty Years of American Art, Grimaldi Forum Monaco, with Otto Hübner as curator for the Abstract Expressionism
2005 - 2006   Ecole de New York, MAMAC Nice, France
2005   Adolph Gottlieb, American Contemporary Art Gallery, Munich, Germany (solo)
Action Painting-Arte Americana 1940-1970, Fondazione Cassa di Risparmio di Modena, Modena, Peggy Guggenheim Collection Venedig in cooperation with american contemporary art GALLERY
2004   Adolph Gottlieb: Pictographs 1941-1951 PaceWildenstein, New York City, NY (solo)
Adolph Gottlieb 1960´s paintings, Galería Elvira González, Madrid, Spain (solo)
2003   Adolph Gottlieb, Cantor Arts Center at Stanford University, Stanford, CA (solo)
Adolph Gottlieb: Early Paintings and Works on Paper, Valerie Carberry Gallery, Chicago, IL (solo)
2002   Adolph Gottlieb - A Survey Exhibition, The Jewish Museum of New York, New York, NY (solo)
Vertical Moves: The Paintings of Adolph Gottlieb, PaceWildenstein, New York, NY (solo)
Adolph Gottlieb, American Contemporary Art Gallery, Munich, Germany (solo)
2001   Gottlieb - Monotipos, Museo de Arte Abstracto Español, Cuenca, Spain; Museu d´Art Espanyol Contemporani (Fundación Juan March), Palma de Mallorca, Spain (solo)
Adolph Gottlieb: Retrospektive, Von der Heydt Museum, Wuppertal, Germany (solo)
Adolph Gottlieb, Fundación Juan March, Madrid, Spain (solo)
2000   Adolph Gottlieb: A Survey of Prints, 1940-1974, Greenfield Sacks Gallery, Santa Monica, CA (solo)
Conrad Marca-Relli, Institut Mathildenhöhe, Darmstadt
1990   Adolph Gottlieb: Works on Paper, 1966 - 1973, Manny Silverman Gallery, Los Angeles, CA (solo)
1981   Adolph Gottlieb: A Retrospective, The Corcoran Gallery of Art, Washington, DC (solo)
1974   Adolph Gottlieb: 1903-1974, MoMA - Museum of Modern Art, New York, NY (solo)
1968   Retrospective, Whitney Museum of American Art, New York, NY; The Solomon R. Guggenheim Museum, New York, NY (solo)
1959   Works: 1895-1932, Zabriskie Gallery, New York, NY (solo)
1958   A Decade of American Cubist Painting, 1913-1923, Zabriskie Gallery, New York, NY
1957   The City: 1900-1930, Zabriskie Gallery, New York, NY
1947   Introduction a la Peintures Moderne Americaine, Galerie Maeght, Paris, France
1944   One Hundred Artists and Walkowitz, Brooklyn Museum, Brooklyn, NY
1942   Adolph Gottlieb: Paintings, Artists Gallery, New York, NY (solo)
1939   Paintings, Drawings and Prints, 1900-’34, Brooklyn Museum, Brooklyn, NY
Newark Museum, Newark, NJ (solo)
New York Public Library, New York, NY (solo)
1930   Exhibition Commemorative des Dessins: Isadora Duncan par A. Walkowitz, Galerie Brummer, Paris, France
Dudensing Galleries, New York, NY
1920   Galleries of Societe Anonyme, Paris, France
1918   Inaugural exhibition, Society of Independent Artists; Interpretation of the Dances of Isadora Duncan, Daniel Gallery, NY
1915   The Armory Show, second exhibition, Gallery 291, New York, NY
1915   Gallery 291, New York, NY
  UAM - University Art Museum, Long Beach, CA
  MOCA Grand Avenue, Los Angeles, CA
  Chazen Museum of Art, Madison, WI
  Walker Art Center, Minneapolis, MN
  Storm King Art Center, Mountainville, NY
  Grey Art Gallery, NYU, New York, NY
  MoMA - Museum of Modern Art, New York, NY
  Saint Louis Art Museum, Saint Louis, MO
  San Francisco Museum of Modern Art - SFMOMA, San Francisco, CA
  Everson Museum of Art, Syracuse, NY
  Boise Art Museum BAM, Boise, ID
  MIT List Visual Arts Center, Cambridge, MA
  Krannert Art Museum, Champaign, IL
  The Art Institute of Chicago, Chicago, IL
  Pomona College Museum of Art, Claremont, CA
  Des Moines Art Center, Des Moines, IA
  The Modern Art Museum of Fort Worth, Fort Worth, TX
  Faulconer Gallery, Grinnell, IA
  Museum of Fine Arts Houston, Houston, TX
  The Nelson-Atkins Museum of Art, Kansas City, MO
  Musée d´art contemporain de Montréal, Montreal, QC, Canada
  Vancouver Art Gallery, Vancouver, Canada
  Museum Frieder Burda, Baden-Baden, Germany
  Tehran Museum of Contemporary Art, Tehran, Iran
  Irish Museum of Modern Art - IMMA, Dublin, Ireland
  Museum of Art, Ein Harod, Ein Harod, Israel
  Berardo Museum - Collection of Modern and Contemporary Art, Lisbon, Portugal
  Tate Britain, London, UK
  Tate Modern, London, UK
  Blanton Museum of Art, Austin, TX
2006    Adolph Gottlieb. New York: Adolph and Esther Gottlieb Foundation, 2006
1998    Adolph Gottlieb, Pictographs. New York: Knoedler & Company, 1998 (catalogue)
1995    Alloway, Lawrence. Adolph Gottlieb: A Retrospective. Manchester, VT: Hudson Hills Press, 1995 (catalogue)