A.R. Penck  (German, 1939) 

Want to know more about A.R. Penck? Read a detailed biography on the artist’s homepage

envelope Get email alerts about this artist!  
Artworks for sale (58)
In Art Galleries (58)
Dealers selling (27)
Dealers Buying (2)

Sold Artworks
In Past Auctions (4311)

Exhibitions (6)
Auctions (1)
Art Fairs (1)

artnet Magazine
Articles (21)

More Information
artnet Analytics Reports
Market Reports
* paid service

Biography & Links

A.R. Penck Biography
1939   Born as Ralf Winkler Dresden, East Germany
1945   Experiences the bombing of Dresden on 13th and 14th of February
1953 - 1954   Painting and Drawing course with Jürgen Böttcher
1955   Begins an apprenticeship as a draftsman at VEB DEWAG (Volkseigener Betrieb Deutsche Werbeagentur, Nationally owned enterprise German advertising agency)
1956   Repeatedly unsuccessful applications to art academies in Dresden and East Berlin. As an autodidactic artist he begins to work on painting, sculpture, film, writing and music
1957 - 1959   Starts making figurative sculptures and head studies out of plaster. Meets Georg Kern (Baselitz)
1961   First System-Bilder and further portraits and autoportraits
1964   Own studio in Lange Strasse, Dresden
1964   Concentrates on working with cybernetics, other scientific areas and System-Bilder.
Produces his first Standart-Arbeiten and sculptures out of various materials
1965   Takes part in an exhibition at the Puschkin-Haus in Dresden. Meets Michael Werner.
1966   Accepted as candidate for the Verband Bildender Künstler Deutschlands (VKBD).
Rejection by the jury after the three-year deadline for candidates.
1968   Adopts the pseudonym A.R. Penck. Michael Werner displays his first exhibition at the Galerie Hake Cologne.
1969   Exhibition at Galerie Michael Werner, Cologne
1967 - 1970   Begins working on signalling, sketching and symbols.
1970 - 1971   Various publications in which the term Standart is described
1972   Finishing of Standart-Arbeiten. Participation in documenta 5 in Kassel
1973 - 1974   Spends six months working as a reserve for the People’sthe Mike Hammer series which then leads to the development of the TM series
1975   First major retrospective at the Bern Kunsthalle.
1977   First wooden sculpture. Participation in documenta 6 in Kassel.
1977   First meeting with Jörg Immendorff in East Berlin
1979   Releases the first recording of >Gostritzer 92<.
1980   Left East Germany
1980   On 3rd August travels to Lörsfeld/Kerpen (near Cologne) in the German Federal Republic. Awarded the Rembrandt Prize by the Goethe Foundation in Basel. Meets Markus Lüpertz and Per Kirkeby. Visits Joseph Beuys
1982   Participation in documenta 7 in Kassel. First publication ot the newspaper >Krater und Wolke< which is edited by A.R. Penck.
1983   Extended visit to Israel. Settles in London and later in Ireland.
1983   Galeria Lucio Amelio, Neapel
1984   Participation in the 41st Biennal in Venice together with Lothar Baumgarten. Increased interest in music. Joins work on the production of numerous Free Jazz Recordings.
1984 - 1985   Miniature sculptures in bronze
1985   Awarded the artist’s prize by the city of Aachen
1986   First Carrara marble sculptures
1987   Receives the Nord/LB Prize for art
1987   Settles in Ireland, in Dublin
1988   Professorship at the Art Academy Düsseldorf, Germany
1992   Takes part in documenta 9 in Kassel
1998   Extensive travelling exhibition throughout Japan
1999 - 2000   Exhibition of the bronze sculptures in Heilbronn, Bremen, Recklinghausen, Luxembourg, Berlin und Bad Homburg.
2004   Lives and works in Ireland and Germany
Selected Exhibitions
2013   ARCO Madrid, Spain
2013   Helge Leiberg, A.R. Penck, Markus Lüpertz u.a. – MALER und BILDHAUER, Galerie Winter, Wiesbaden, Germany
2009   Art of Two Germanys/Cold War Cultures, LACMA, Los Angeles, traveling to Germanisches Nationalmuseum, Nuremberg and Deutsches Historisches Museum, Berlin
2008   A.R. Penck: Peinture, Système, Monde, Musée d’Art moderne de la ville de Paris, Paris
2008   A:R. Penck: Die Achtziger Jahre (The Eighties), Julius Werner Berlin, Berlin
2008   A.R. Penck, Galerie Scheffel, Bad Homburg
2008   Being and Nature – The Unknown Penck, Städtische Galerie Dresden, Dresden
2008   Series Drawings, Michael Werner Gallery, New York
2008   A.R. Penck: Paintings from the Eighties, Michael Werner Gallery, New York
2008   Julius Werner Berlin (solo)
2007   A.R. Penck: Der Begriff Modell, Neues Museum – Staatliches Museum für Kunst und Design, Nürnberg
2007   A.R. Penck. Retrospektive, Kunsthalle zu Kiel
2007   A.R. Penck, Schirn Kunsthalle, Frankfurt
2006   A.R. Penck, Mitchell-Innes & Nash, New York
2006   Georg Baselitz, Jörg Immendorff, Markus Lüpertz, A.R. Penck, Shanghai Zendai Museum of Modern Art, Shanghai
2006   Beautiful Cynicism, Arario Beijing, Beijing
2005   A.R. Penck, Per Kirkeby, Markus Lüpertz, Gallery W52, New York (solo)
2005   A.R. Penck, Galerie Forsblom, Helsinki (solo)
2005   A.R. Penck: Neue Bilder, Galerie Michael Werner, Cologne (solo)
2004   A.R. Penck: Paintings from the Seventies, Michael Werner Gallery, New York (solo)
2004   A.R. Penck, Patrick Painter Inc., Santa Monica (solo)
2004   A.R. Penck: Constructions, Michael Werner Gallery, New York (solo)
2003   Wereldblik 1968-2002, Museum voor Moderne Kunst, Ostende.
2003   A.R. Penck. Jenseits der Kriege. Bilder aus dem Jahr 2002, Galerie Michael Werner, Köln
2003   A.R. Penck. Weltsicht 1968 – 2002, Museum Küppersmühle Sammlung Grothe, Duisburg
2002   Ralf Winkler. Frühe Arbeiten. Bilder und Zeichnungen aus einer Dresdener Privatsammlung, Galerie im Schloss Wiligrad, Kunstverein Wiligrad e.V., Lübstorf
1999   A.R. Penck. Bronzeskulpturen, Galerie Michael Werner, Köln
1997   A.R. Penck. German Darkness and Contemporary Symbol, Hiroshima City Museum of Contemporary Art, Hiroshima
1995   A.R. Penck, Museo Rufino Tamayo, Mexiko-Stadt
1992   A.R. Penck. Standart-Modelle, Galerie Michael Werner, Köln
1988   Retrospective, Nationalgalerie Berlin, Kunsthaus Berlin, Germany & Zurich, Switzerland
1988   Skulpturen und Zeichnungen, Kestner-Gesellschaft Hannover, Germany
1984   Brown's Hotel and Other Works, The Tate Gallery London, UK
1984   Biennial, Venice, Italy
1982   45 Zeichnungen - Bewußt-seinschichten, Kunstmuseum Bonn, Germany
1981   Gemälde und Handzeichnungen, Kunsthalle Köln, Cologne, West Germany
1978   Museum Ludwig Cologne, West Germany
1972   Kunstmuseum Basel, Switzerland
1972   Documenta 5, Kassel, Gemany
1968   Michael Werner Cologne, West Germany
1956   Dresden, East Germany
  A.R. Penck, Ereignisse im Unbekannten, texts by A.R. PENCK and MARCADÉ Bernard, Galerie Jérôme de Noirmont, Paris, 2003
  A. R. Penck, texts by A.R. PENCK and Bernard MARCADÉ, Galerie Jérôme de Noirmont, Paris, 1996