Vincent van Gogh  (Dutch, 1853-1890) 

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Vincent van Gogh (Dutch, 1853–1890) was a painter associated with the Post-Impressionist movement, and best known for his portraits and depictions of cypresses and wheat fields. Before becoming a painter, Van Gogh worked as an apprentice at his uncle’s art dealership, where he learned about the Old Masters and Contemporary painting, and as a lay preacher in Belgium. At the age of 27, Van Gogh decided to devote himself to painting, and traveled to the Académie Royale des Beaux-Arts in Brussels to study anatomy and physiognomy. He collected and copied prints, especially those by Jean François Millet (French, 1814–1875), Honoré Daumier (French, 1808–1879), Eugène Delacroix (French, 1798-1863), and Rembrandt van Rijn (Dutch, 1606-1669).

Van Gogh was also inspired by the linearity, flat areas of color, and flattened perspective found in Japanese ukiyo-e woodcuts. His first major work, The Potato Eaters (1885), reflects his interest in painting peasants after the manner of Jules Breton (French, 1827-1906). Van Gogh moved to Paris in 1886, and became acquainted with the work of Impressionist painters through his brother Theo, who organized exhibitions of these artists. Van Gogh's series of flower still lifes show the influence of Georges Seurat's (French, 1859-1891) Pointillist technique, which prompted him to work in a lighter palette and use more rhythmical, expressive brushwork. In 1888, Van Gogh moved to Arles in the south of France and made a series of pen-and-ink drawings, portraits of locals, and sunflowers, which he hoped would convince Paul Gauguin (French, 1849–1903) to join him. One of Van Gogh's most famous works, Starry Night (1889), exemplifies his unique expressionistic style. Today, his work is held in several permanent collections, including the Musée d'Orsay in Paris, the Hermitage Museum in Saint Petersburg, and the Museum of Modern Art in New York.

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Vincent van Gogh, Le Moulin

 

Vincent van Gogh
Le Moulin
1882

M.S. Rau Antiques
Vincent van Gogh, Still Life with Two Sacks and a Bottle

 

Vincent van Gogh
Still Life with Two Sacks and a Bottle
circa 1884-1885

M.S. Rau Antiques
Vincent van Gogh, The vicarage garden with figures, Nuenen

 

Vincent van Gogh
The vicarage garden with figures, Nuenen
1885

Kunsthandel Ivo Bouwman BV
Vincent van Gogh, Landscape in Drenthe with a hut (Moorlandschaff)

 

Vincent van Gogh
Landscape in Drenthe with a hut (Moorlandschaff)
1883

Ars Docet
  
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Vincent van Gogh, Back yards with two figures

 

Vincent van Gogh
Back yards with two figures, 1882
charcoal on paper

 

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Vincent van Gogh, View from the window of Vincent's studio

 

Vincent van Gogh
View from the window of Vincent's studio, 1883
pen and ink and pencil on paper

 

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Vincent van Gogh, View from the window of Vincent's studio in winter

 

Vincent van Gogh
View from the window of Vincent's studio in winter, 1882-1883
gouache, watercolor and pencil on paper

 

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1878 - 1800   Works as an evangelist in Borinage, a poor mining district in Belgium
1853   Born in Groot Zundert, The Netherlands
1877   Begins religious studies
1888 - 1890   Suffers first mental breakdown and is confined in mental hospitals in Arles, Saint-Remy and Auvers-sur-Oise
1890   Shoots himself July 27th
1890   Died July 29th in Auvers-sur-Oise, France
2008 - 2009   Sept. 21 - Jan. 5, "Van Gogh and the Colors of the Night", Museum of Modern Art, New York
2005   Oct. 18 - Dec. 31, "Vincent van Gogh: The Drawings", Metropolitan Museum of Art, NY
1998 - 1999   Oct. 4 - Jan. 3, "Van Gogh's Van Goghs", National Gallery, US
1990   Vincent van Gogh, Rijksmuseum Amsterdam, The Netherlands
1935   Vincent van Gogh, Museum of Modern Art New York, NY
1929   Dutch Art, Royal Academy London, England
1926   Tate Gallery London, England
1923   Vincent van Gogh, Leicester Galleries London, England
1909   Impressionist Paintings, New Gallery London, England
  Van Gogh Museum, Amsterdam