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by N. F. Karlins
|What are these large (about 3 by 3 feet), gorgeous, shape-shifting puddles? Their irregular edges seem to imply motion. Nebulae? Amoebae? Bodily cells of some type? Greg Chann, their creator, isn't talking.
Chann's first solo show, which was on view at Margaret Thatcher Projects on West 20th Street in Manhattan last month, consisted of about a dozen graphite clouds on vellum. Works in this "Vienna Series," inspired by the artist's listening to Viennese music, are really part drawing, part collage. The artist describes them as the result of experiments in chance combined with artistic deliberation.
Chann pours powdered graphite suspended in alcohol over sheets of vellum. As the alcohol dries, it leaves a residue, like at a pond's edge in summer. Due to assorted grindings of graphite, the colors vary from deepest black to charcoal to a blue gray. Some even sparkle.
The artist then cuts the vellum into rectangular strips, overlapping them into grids that reassemble the splashes of graphite into roughly globular forms. He gently secures the pieces, so that the multiple layers seem to float. Elegantly ordered yet organic, Chann's drawings are fresh and visually beguiling.
Larger pieces are $3,00 to $3,400 framed, with the smaller, 18 by 18 inch works going for $1,200 framed.
"Mythologies" begins with the eye-opening crayon drawing from 1956, The Ogre ($4,500). In his gaping jaws stands a nude woman that he is in the act of swallowing! The other works, all smaller and in ink-and-colored pencil rather than crayon, share the same vivid pastel palette -- predominately bright pink, yellow, orange, aqua, purple and lime.
In Monza's Man Holding Torch ($4,000) from 1978, there are several strange male figures with torches for heads, one of whom seems to be lighting the top of another, while Monument of Life ($1,450) and the small (7 by 7 inch) drawing, Embryo ($700), are self-explanatory.
Social commentaries include Three Mile Island ($2,200) with its evil-looking birds above nuclear plant towers and the anti-press The Big Mouth ($4,000) from 1978 with another convincing monster.
Considering Monza's 46-year long career and his prolific output of paintings, prints, sculpture and ceramics as well as drawings, he deserves many more shows or, better still, perhaps some museum will pull together a retrospective. The show at Ross is on view through July 21.
With little education, Lear managed to earn his living as an artist from around the age of 15. His love for the natural world helped him to evolve into a landscape artist, who traveled and lived abroad for much of his life. Between 1848 and 1864, Lear spent much of his time in what is now Greece. About 30 drawings of his drawings of Greece, all borrowed from the Gennadius Library of the American School of Classical Studies in Athens, are now at the Foundation for Hellenic Culture at 7 West 57th Street (through Sept. 7).
Lear made precise pencil studies on the spot during the day, scribbling notes on further particulars when it became too hot to continue. At night, he added a few, spare watercolor washes and highlights in Chinese white. Lear didn't think much of these lively drawings. To him they were simply guides for the more finished watercolors and oils he made for paying clients, for whom he was not opposed to churning out potboilers if the price was right.
But these pencil-and-watercolor sketches capture Lear's love of the land, his thrill at being among the Greeks. His depiction of the Greek landscape, previously romanticized by visiting artists, concentrates on balancing masses and getting the details absolutely right.
In Lear's View of the City of Rethymnon, Crete (1864), he is careful to show the town's mix of western and eastern architecture in the distance and to note that the road is made of "white chalk." Many kinds of costumes are delineated in his View of Delphi (1849). Some works are peppered with the names of specific plants. One shouts "Tortoises!" Another, with a shepherd, contains the seeds of the limerick that became:
There was a Young Person of Crete,
The most important collection of corporate art, both in size and influence, the Chase Manhattan Bank's art collection is the brainchild of David Rockefeller. Under his leadership, a panel of art experts and bank personnel began to buy art in 1959 in preparation for the opening of the bank's new headquarters near Wall Street, a slab skyscraper by Skidmore, Owings & Merrill. Art was placed in public and non-public spaces, and large sculpture installations were commissioned, like Isamu Noguchi's 1963 Sunken Garden for the new building's plaza. The public responded, and other Chase branches clamored for art, too. Soon a slew of other corporations were following Chase's example.
The works in Queens are challenging, first-rate examples of post-war art, while not being aggressively political or sexual in content. A huge show -- it includes more than 100 works -- it's hugely enjoyable as well (bring the kids). Nam June Paik's flashing Video Flag Y (1985) and Sam Francis's 1959 sunny abstract mural almost 40 feet long (and not likely to be seen too often because of its size) are sure to please.
Media, themes, and styles are encyclopedic. Drawings, for example, range from Chuck Close's 1980 Phil/Fingerprint in stamp pad ink on paper to a series of three sweet drawings of Roses (1991) by Jim Hodges to Jean-Michel Basquiat's crude and energetic Six Icons in oil paintstick on paper from 1982.
The art historian Robert Rosenblum, whose exhibition "1900" is currently on view at the Guggenheim Museum, and Chase's current art program director, Manuel E. González, chose the pieces for the show. While you're at the museum, you can also visit its centerpiece, The Panorama of the City of New York, left over from the 1964 World's Fair. Updated in 1992, the model (at a scale of 1 to 100) literally puts all of New York at your feet.
If you can't make it to Queens -- or even if you can -- another chunk of the bank's contemporary collection, smaller in number and dimensions, is displayed at the Americas Society until the end of July. "Art of the Americas from the Chase Manhattan Collection: Icon + Grid + Void" contains pieces by artists from North, South, and Central America. Americas Society curator Joseph R. Wolin has juxtaposed Agnes Martin's cool grid ink drawing Desert (1966) with Marta Pérez Garcia's hot woodcut Hasta Cuando... (1992) along with 22 other works.
"Art at Work: Forty Years of the Chase Manhattan Bank Collection" is on view at the Queens Museum of Art in Flushing Meadows Corona Park through Oct. 1. For "Art from the Americas from the Chase Manhattan Bank Collection: Icon + Grid + Void," visit the Americas Society at 680 Park Avenue (at 68th Street) through July 30.